. His given name was Narendra Nath Datta.His father Vishwanath Datta (the only son of Durga Charan) was an attorney of Calcutta High Court.EARLY LIFE (1863–1888) Swami Vivekananda was born in Calcutta on 12 January 1863 during the Makara Sankranti festival in a traditional Kayastha family. Narendra's mother Bhuvaneswari Devi was a deeply religious woman. Narendra's grandfather Durga Charan Datta renounced the world at the age of twenty five.

He evinced much interest in the Hindu scriptures like the Vedas. The house of 3. the social sciences. and other subjects. Narendra had varied interests and a wide range of scholarship in philosophy. religion. he had a great fascination for wandering ascetics and monks. history. the Bhagavad Gita. the Ramayana. . now it is maintained by the Ramakrishna Mission. the Mahabharata and the Puranas.During his childhood. the Upanishads. where Vivekananda was born. arts. Calcutta. literature. Gour Mohan Mukherjee street.

he studied western logic. entering it for a brief period and subsequently shifting to General Assembly's Institution. During the course. . (currently known as Scottish Church College). western philosophy and history of European nations. he passed the entrance examination from Presidency College. In 1881 he passed the Fine Arts examination and in 1884 he passed the Bachelor of Arts.College and Brahmo Samaj In 1879 after his family moved back to Calcutta. Calcutta.

. Vivekananda and other Ramakrishna's disciples took care of him during his final days. Vivekananda's spiritual education under Ramakrishna continued there. Though Narendra did not accept Ramakrishna as his guru initially and revolted against his ideas. guru of Vivekananda. Narendra's meeting with Ramakrishna in November 1881 proved to be a turning point in his life. he was attracted by his personality and visited him frequently. In 1885 Ramakrishna suffered from throat cancer and he was shifted to Calcutta and later to Cossipore.Ramakrishna.

"without fixed abode. He developed a sympathy for the suffering and poverty of the masses and resolved to uplift the nation. staff." His sole possessions were a kamandalu (water pot). . independent and strangers wherever they go.As a wandering monk in India (1888–1893) Later. and his two favourite books—Bhagavad Gita and The Imitation of Christ. without ties. in 1888. Vivekananda left the monastery as a Parivrâjaka—the Hindu religious life of a wandering monk.

he continued his journey as a wandering monk and returned to the Math only after his visit to the West.The Himalayas In July 1890. accompanied by fellow monk Swami Akhandananda (also a disciple of Ramakrishna). prayer and study of scriptures. They stayed at Meerut for a few days where they passed their time in meditation. the Swami left his fellows and journeyed to Delhi alone. At the end of January 1891. .

and was impressed not only by neatness of their streets and dwellings but also by their movements. From here to took the land route to Yokohama. He first reached the port city of Nagasaki. . visiting along the way. and then boarded a steamer to Kobe. Vivekananda visited Japan in 1893. He called the Japanese "one of the cleanest people on earth". all of which he found to be "picturesque".Visit to Japan (1893) On his way to Chicago. the three big cities of Osaka. attitudes and gestures. Kyoto and Tokyo.

diabetes. sang a song on Kali and then he whispered. He had remarked to several persons that he would not live to be forty. He was suffering from asthma. hectic lecturing engagements. private discussions and correspondence had taken their toll on his health. On the day of his death he woke up very early in the morning. then he would have understood what this Vivekananda has done!" .Death His tours. then he went to chapel and meditated for three hours."If there were another Vivekananda. chronic insomnia and other physical ailments.

On the other bank of the river. on 4 July 1902 while he was meditating.m. The funeral pyre of Swami Vivekananda was built and the body was consigned to the flames kindled with sandalwood on the bank of Ganga in Belur. this was Mahasamadhi. Ramakrishna had been cremated sixteen years before. According to his disciples. .Vivekananda died at ten minutes past nine p.

so he mainly stressed on man.” He summarised the Vedanta's teachings as follows . "man-making is my mission". • Each soul is potentially divine. . He wanted “to set in motion a machinery which will bring noblest ideas to the doorstep of even the poorest and the meanest. that's how he described his teaching. • The goal is to manifest this Divinity within by controlling nature. external and internal.Teachings and philosophy Swami Vivekananda believed a country's future depends on its people.

Vivekananda was the principal reason behind the enthusiastic reception of yoga. transcendental meditation and other forms of Indian spiritual self-improvement in the West. He revitalised the religion within and outside India. (Swami Vivekananda statue near Gateway of India) .Influence Swami Vivekananda remains the most influential figure in modern Hinduism.

those who were driven by their inner urge to achieve something in life. Vivekananda observed that human could be classified into four basic types—those who were in constant activity. or the philosopher. .Works Manuscript of "Blessings to Nivedita" a poem written by Swami Vivekananda in his own handwriting. and those who weighed everything with reason. or the lover. Vivekananda left a body of philosophical works. those who tended to analyse the working of their minds. or the mystic.

Books by Swami Vivekananda  Karma Yoga(1896)  Raja Yoga (1896 [1899 edition])  Vedanta Philosophy : An address before the graduate philosophical society (First published 1896)  Lectures from Colombo to Almora (1897)  Vedanta philosophy: lectures on Jnana Yoga (1902) .