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The Audio-Lingual Method

Dr. Chifen Chen

.Introduction  Founded around 1950’s and 1960’s. AL was based on structural linguistic an behavioral psychology : the way to acquire the sentence patterns of the target language is repetition of dialogues about every day situations that are imitated and drilled to make the response automatic.

like phonological units. grammatical units. . So to learn the target language is to mater the elements of the target language system. for the transmission of meaning.Structural Linguistic Language is a system of structural related elements. and lexical items.

 Mistakes. should be avoided.  Language skills are learned more effectively if they are presented orally first. the bad habit.Behavioral Psychology  Language learning is habit-formation. .  The meaning of words can be learned only in a linguistic and cultural context. then in written form.

Principles of AL  Use drills to teach the lines of dialogues. .  Repeat the language mode as accurately and quickly as possible.

Techniques of AL – Backward-up drill  Backward build-up drill: to teach long lines of dialogues:  break down the line into several parts  repeat a part of the sentence  follow the teacher. students expand what they repeated part by part until they are able repeat the entire line. .

 Some pairs of students might perform the dialogue for the rest of the class.  Switch roles and memorize the other person’s part. .Techniques of AL – Dialog Memorization  Students take the role of one person in the dialogue and the teacher the other.  Half of the class to take one role and the other half to take the other.

allows some controlled communication among students and give the teacher an opportunity to check students’ speech.  It .Techniques of AL – Chain Drill  To make students ask and answer questions with each other.

 To recognize what part if speech each cue is and make any other changes. that fits into different slots in the dialogue line.Techniques of AL – Multiple-slot Substitution Drill  To give cue phrases. . one at time. such as subject-verb agreement.  To fit cue phrase into line where it belongs and to say the line loudly.

Techniques of AL – Transformation Drill  To change a certain kind of sentence pattern to another form.  to transform an affirmative S.  to transform a statement into a question.  to transform a direct speech into reported speech .  to transform an active S. into a passive S. into a negative S.

 Students answer the teacher’s question quickly.Techniques of AL – Question & Answer Drill  Students practice the target language with answering questions and the question patterns. .