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Call Management in GSM

Overview

Mobile to Land Call Scenario

Land to Mobile Call Scenario

Mobile to Mobile Call Scenario

Handover Overview

Detailed Intra-MSC Handover Scenario

Detailed Inter-MSC Handover Scenario

Objectives
• Recognise and describe the phases of a mobile originated call. • Recognise and describe the phases of a mobile terminated call. • Describe the need for handover in GSM and typical handover causes. • Explain the different types of handover in the GSM system. • Recognise and describe the phases of different types of handovers.

Mobile-to-Land Call Scenario

4. 3.Required Facilities for a Mobile-to-Land Call Public Land Mobile Network Fixed Public Land Network Voice Trunk to PSTN Line PSTN MSC Radio Channel BSC Voice Trunk MSC Voice Trunk BTS Mobile Station 1. 5. BSC Radio channel between Mobile Station and BTS selected by the BSC BSC – BTS voice trunk selected by the BSC MSC – BSC voice trunk selected by the MSC MSC – PSTN voice trunk selected by the MSC Line from PSTN end switching office to Fixed Station (permanent link) Base Station Controller Base Transceiver Station Mobile Switching Centre Public Switched Telephone Network BSC BTS MSC PSTN . 2.

. It is the same as in the location registration update scenario.Phases of a Mobile-to-Land Call • Request for Service • Authentication* • Ciphering* • Equipment Validation* • Call Set-up • Handover(s)* • Release * Phase might not occur Note: Detail for authentication and ciphering is not shown.

LAI 5 Service Request TMSI. LAI 4 Service Request TMSI. LAI .Mobile-to-Land Call Request for Service Um MS BSS A MSC B New VLR Channel Request 1 Dedicated Signalling Channel Assignment 2 3 Service Request TMSI.

Mobile-to-Land Call Equipment Validation MS MSC EIR IMEI Request 6 IMEI Response 7 Check IMEI 8 (IMEI) IMEI Check Results 9 .

15 16 17 Trunk & Radio Assignment Complete TCH .Mobile-to-Land Call Set-up Um MS Call Setup Request Dialled DN A BSS MSC B VLR 10 11 Access Subscriber Data 12 Call Proceeding Subscriber Data 13 14 Assign Radio Channel TCH Radio Assignment Complete (on TCH) Assign Trunk & Radio Trunk No.

For SS7.Mobile-to-Land Call Set-up Continued MS MSC PSTN 18 Network Set-up (Dialled DN. .) 19 Network Alerting 20 Alerting 21 Connect (answer) 22 Connect Connect Acknowledgement 23 Note: Network Set-up. Network Alerting and Connect are generic terms. Trunk No. the network set-up message would be Initial Assignment Message (IAM).

Mobile-to-Land Call Mobile Initiated Release Um MS BSS A MSC PSTN 1 Disconnect 2 Release Network Release 3 Release Complete 4 5 Channel Release Clear Command 6 Clear Complete 7 .

Land-to-Mobile Call Scenario .

It is the same as in location registration update and mobile-to-land call scenarios.Phases of a Land-to-Mobile Call • • • • • • • • Routing Analysis Paging Authentication* Ciphering* Equipment Validation* Call Set-up Handover(s)* Release *Phase might not occur Note:: Detail for authentication. ciphering and equipment validation is not shown. .

Land-to-Mobile Call Routing Analysis B C HLR VLR PSTN MSC Incoming Call MSISDN 1 2 Get Route MSISDN 3 Routing Information MSRN 4 Incoming Call MSRN 5 TMSI. LAI Perform Page .

LAI 12 Page Response TMSI. LAI (on SDCH) 10 11 Page Response TMSI. LAI .Land-to-Mobile Call Paging Um MS BSS A MSC B VLR 6 Page TMSI (on PCH) Perform Page TMSI 7 8 Channel Request (on RACH) 9 Dedicated Signalling Channel Assignment (on AGCH) Page Response TMSI.

Land-to-Mobile Call Set-up Um MS BSS A MSC Call Set-up 13 14 Call Set-up Confirm 15 Assign Radio Channel TCH Assign Trunk & Radio Channel TRUNK 16 Radio Assignment Complete 17 Trunk & Radio Assignment Complete 18 .

Land-to-Mobile Call Set-up Continued MS MSC PSTN 19 Mobile Alerting 20 Network Alerting 21 Connect (off-hook) 22 Connect 23 Connect Acknowledge .

Land-to-Mobile Call Network Initiated Call Release Um A MS BSS MSC PSTN 1 Disconnect Network Release 2 Release 3 4 Release Complete 5 Channel Release Clear Command 6 Clear Complete 7 .

Mobile-to-Mobile Call Scenario .

Phases of a Mobile-to-Mobile Call • •Request for Service • • Authentication* Ciphering* Originating Mobile • • Equipment Validation* Call Setup • • • Routing Analysis Paging Authentication* • • • • • Ciphering* Equipment Validation* Call Setup Handover(s)* Release Terminating Mobile *Phase might not occur .

Mobile-to-Mobile Call Set-up & Release Um A MS-A Channel Request BSS MSC VLR A’ BSS Um’ MS-B Service Request Authentication Ciphering Equipment Validation Routing Analysis With HLR Paging and Response Authentication Ciphering Equipment Validation Call Set-up Handover Release Call Set-up Handover Release .

Handover Overview .

• Handover causes are prioritised: RXQUAL RXLEV DISTANCE POWER BUDGET . • Both MS and BTS provide RF link measurements to the handover process. • Based on RF subsystem criteria or traffic loading considerations.Handover • Maintains Call Continuity. • Controlled by BSS.

Handover Types Four Levels • within same Base Transceiver Station (Intra-BTS) • between different BTSs served by same BSC (intra-BSS/inter-BTS) • between different BSSs within same MSC (intra-MSC/inter-BSS) • between different MSCs (inter-MSC) .

Intra-BTS Handover MSC B MSC A PSTN BSC1 BSC2 BSC3 Global Cell Identification Country Code Network Code Location Area Code Cell Identity .

Intra-BSS/Inter-BTS Handover MSC B MSC A PSTN BSC1 BSC2 BSC3 Global Cell Identification Country Code Network Code Location Area Code Cell Identity .

Intra-MSC. Inter-BSS Handover MSC B MSC A PSTN BSC1 BSC2 BSC3 Global Cell Identification Country Code Network Code Location Area Code Cell Identity .

Inter-BTS Handover MSC B MSC A PSTN BSC1 BSC2 BSC3 Global Cell Identification Country Code Network Code Location Area Code Cell Identity .Intra-BSC.

Detailed Intra-MSC/Inter-BSS Handover Scenario .

Intra-MSC/Inter-BSS Handover Step 1 Step 1: Handover Request from BSS Present Voice Path BSS 1 PSTN MSC BSS 2 .

Intra-MSC/Inter-BSS Handover Step 2 Step 2: Allocation of New Resources BSS 1 PSTN MSC BSS 2 Future Voice Path .

Intra-MSC/Inter-BSS Handover Step 3 Step 3: Handover Execution Old Voice Path BSS 1 PSTN MSC BSS 2 New Voice Path .

Intra-MSC/Inter-BSS Handover Step 4 Step 4: Release of Old Resources BSS 1 PSTN MSC BSS 2 .

REQ. MEAS Rank-ordered list of target BSSs HAND.Intra-MSC Handover Signalling Um MS BSS Signal Strength Measurement SIG. RCH. REQ. COMP REL. DET HAND. RCH REL. Identity of trunk. ACK New Radio Channel ID HAND. ACC A MSC B VLR 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 On New Radio Channel PHYS. LAI HAND. COMP 10 11 12 13 . REQ. COMP HAND. ACK New Radio Channel ID HAND. INFO HAND. ACK HAND. REQ New Radio Channel ID HAND. REQ Kc.

ACC A MSC B VLR 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 On New Radio Channel PHYS. MEAS Rank-ordered list of target BSSs HAND. REQ. REQ. ACK New Radio Channel ID HAND. REQ. ACK New Radio Channel ID HAND. DET HAND.Intra-MSC Handover Signalling (Continued) Um MS BSS Signal Strength Measurement SIG. Identity of trunk. REQ Kc. REQ New Radio Channel ID HAND. LAI HAND. RCH REL. COMP REL. COMP 10 11 12 13 . COMP HAND. INFO HAND. RCH. ACK HAND.

Detailed Inter-MSC Handover Scenario .

Basic Inter-MSC Handover Steps Step 1: Handover Request from BSS Present Talk Path Present Talk Path BSS A PSTN MSC A BSS B MSC B Step 2: Allocation of New Resources BSS A PSTN MSC A BSS B MSC B Future Talk Path .

Basic Inter-MSC Handover Steps Continued Step 3: Handover Execution Old Talk Path BSS A PSTN MSC A BSS B MSC B New Talk Path Step 4: Release of Old Resources BSS A PSTN MSC A BSS B MSC B .

Inter-MSC Handover Voice Facilities PSTN MSC A MSC C MSC B MSC D Inter-MSC Trunks (dedicated) PSTN Trunks PSTN MSC A MSC C MSC B MSC D .

MSC Directory Number Spectrum Trunks Trunks MSC Local Exchange PSTN MSC Directory Number Spectrum MSISDN MSRN MSHN Used to reference Inter-MSC handovers .

02) E SS7 MSC B MSC A Dedicated Trunk Group or PSTN ISDN-UP TUP – ISDN User Part – Telephone User Part Inter-office Signalling such as ISDN-UP or TUP (Outside scope of GSM specification) .Inter-MSC Signalling Two Signalling Paths Mobile Application Part (MAP) (Defined in GSM Specification 09.

Basic Inter-MSC Handover Initial Condition VLR B Dialled Number 720-1234 PSTN Talk Path MSC B MSC A BSS B Candidate Cell Global Cell ID 234-02-120-65 BSS A Serving Cell Global Cell ID 234-01-235-43 720-1234 .

Kc) MSC B E Interface MSC A PSTN PSTN/ISDN Interface BSS B Candidate Cell Global Cell ID 234-02-120-65 BSS A Serving Cell Global Cell ID 234-01-235-43 720-1234 . Kc) Perform Handover (234-02-120-65.Basic Inter-MSC Handover Handover Number Allocation VLR B PSTN 720-1234 SS7 Perform Handover (234-02-120-65.

Basic Inter-MSC Handover Inter-MSC Trunk Set-up VLR B PSTN 720-1234 SS7 E Interface MSC B Network Set-up (219-9221) Set-up Complete MSC A BSS B Candidate Cell Global Cell ID 234-02-120-65 BSS A Serving Cell Global Cell ID 234-01-235-43 720-1234 .

Basic Inter-MSC Handover Events After Handover Command VLR B PSTN 720-1234 Send End Signal MSC B E Interface MSC A Answer PSTN/ISDN Interface BSS B BSS A New Talk Path 720-1234 .

REQ New Radio Channel ID HAND. NUM 5 HAND. PER 4 HAND. COMP 6 HAND. MEAS Rank-ordered list of Target BSSs Serving MSC Target MSC Target BSS Target VLR 1 2 3 HAND. REQ. ACK 7 8 HAND.Inter-MSC Handover Signalling MS Serving BSS Signal Strength Measurement SIG. ACK . PER. NUM.

Inter-MSC Handover Signalling (Continued) MS Serving BSS Serving MSC Target MSC Target BSS Target VLR 9 NET_SETUP 10 New Radio Channel ID HAND_COMP New Radio Channel ID HAND_COMP SETUP_COMP 11 12 13 On New Radio Channel HAND_ACC 14 PHYS_INFO 15 HAND_DET 16 HAND_COMP .

Inter-MSC Handover Signalling (Continued) MS Serving BSS Serving MSC Target MSC Target BSS Target VLR 17 HAND_COMP 18 SEND_ENDSIG 19 ANSWER 20 REL_R CH 21 REL_RCH_COMP 22 END_SIGNAL 23 NET_REL 24 REL_HAND_NUM .