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UNIT II MANNING

SHIP ORGANIZATION (HIERARCHY ON BOARD)

DEPARTMENTS
DECK  ENGINE  CATERING

The deck department is responsible for navigation, cargo handling, the maintenance of the hull and deck equipment.

The engine department is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the machinery

The catering department is responsible for preparing meals and maintaining the accommodation spaces

CAPTAIN(MASTER)
The master is responsible for;  the safe, efficient and economic operation of the ship;  the safety of all persons on board;  safe delivery of cargo ;  safe and efficient manoeuvring in port, anchorage areas and similar places.

Captain & crewman

DECK DEPARTMENT

CHIEF OFFICER(FIRST MATE)
The chief officer is in charge of the deck department. He is responsible for  loading, stowing and discharging of cargo;  the maintenance of all safety, cargo-handling equipment and the overall structure of the ship;  crew’s welfare, training and discipline.

He is in charge of morning (0400-0800) and evening (1600-2000) watches.

THE SECOND OFFICER (SECOND MATE)

The second officer (second mate) is the navigator and responsible for all aspects navigation. He is also the medical officer on board. He is in charge of middle (Midnight0400) and afternoon (Noon-1600) watches.

THE THIRD OFFICER (THIRD MATE)
The third officer is responsible for

maintaining the vessel's life-saving and fire fighting equipment and general administration. The third officer stands first watch (2000-Midnight) and forenoon (0800-Noon) watches.

CADET

Deck cadet is a student from one of the maritime schools to become a third officer.

cadets

Deck Crew

BOATSWAIN (BOSUN)

The boatswain (bosun) leads and supervises seamen, deck maintenance and repair. He obtains his work-schedule and orders from the chief officer and reports to the chief officer

ABLE SEAMAN

Able seaman supports the deck officers in all aspects of bridge, cargo and seamanship operations.

ORDINARY SEAMAN

Ordinary seaman is junior position to the able seaman and supports the deck officers in all aspects of bridge, cargo and seamanship operations.

DECK BOY

Deck boy is an unexperienced seaman and helps seamanship applications on board.

ENGINE DEPARTMENT

CHIEF ENGINEER
The chief engineer is responsible for the efficient operation of ship's engines. Chief engineer prepares various reports, supervises any repair and approves the ordering of spares and equipment

SECOND ENGINEER
Second engineer is responsible for  the maintenance of the main engine,  the safety and cleanliness of the engineroom,  the ordering of stores and equipment through the chief engineer  the repair and maintenance of any mechanical equipment on deck

THIRD ENGINEER

Third engineer is the watchkeeping engineer responsible for the condition and maintenance.

FOURTH ENGINEER

Fourth engineer is responsible for the taking of bunker, the purification of the fuel and the maintenance of the purifier. He supplies the chief engineer with fuel consumption figures daily.

CADET

Engineering cadet is also a student from a maritime school to become an engineer.

ENGINE ROOM CREW

DONKEYMAN

The donkeyman is a foreman for engine department crew.

OILER

An oiler helps the watchkeeping engineer in all matters, especially in taking data readings for the logbook.

WIPER

Wiper cleans machinery spaces.

CATERING DEPARTMENT

CHIEF COOK
The chief cook is responsible for the ship's catering department. He reports to the chief officer, and supervises the cook and stewards in all aspects. The chief cook budgets and controls the food guidelines, devises varied menus, and is responsible for cooking for the officers.

COOK

Cook assists chief cook and also cooks, bakes and prepares food.

STEWARD

Steward is mainly concerned with the general cleaning and making service.

ASSISTANT OFFICERS AND CREW

RADIO OFFICER

Radio officer is responsible for

Communication. He receives radio weather reports, navigational warnings, and gets the instructions from the manager of the ship about the conduct of the ship and reports to the master.

ELECTRICIAN

Electrician is responsible for the maintenance and repair of all electrical and electronic equipment

FITTER

Fitter does some mechanical repairs and welding.

Some ships may have also a doctor, a purser, a carpenter or a nurse.Tankers may have pumpers.

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS

1-What department is responsible of maintenance of living spaces?

2-What is the responsibility of master?

3-Who is in charge of cargo handling?

4-Who helps the deck officers for seamanship and maintenance of hull?

5-Who is considered as a medical officer aboard a ship?

7-Who is in charge of communication?

SOME WORDS

Bunker - n - Fuel oil tank for ships

Cater – v - To supply food

Maintenance -n- Keeping something in good condition, maintaining

Spare – n - Something is kept in reserve

Label each word as verb, noun, adjective or adverb.

aboard anchorage cleanliness daily delivery

adv. ………. ………. ………. ……….

devise efficient seamanship unexperienced

………. ………. ………. ……….

-Fill in the blanks with suitable words given below.
wiper / master / stowing / welding / efficient / catering / boatswain

1-The chief engineer is responsible for the ………… operation of machinery. 2-………….is the responsibility of fitter. 3-The ……….. of the ship is gets reports from radio officer. 4-Steward works at ……….……dept. 5-The foreman of the deck crew is ..… 6-Cargo handling and …………….are chief officer’s duties. 7-A:Who cleans the machinery spaces?B:………….

1-What is the responsibility of engine department?
a. maintenance of the machinery b. cargo handling c. preparing meals and cleaning d. navigational equipment e. maintenance of the hull

1-What is the responsibility of engine department?

a. maintenance of the machinery

2- The captain is not responsible for;

a. safe navigation b. delivery of cargo c. safety on board d. manoeuvring e. keeping watch

2- The captain is not responsible for;

e. keeping watch

3-Who is in charge of forenoon and first watches?

a. second officer b. chief officer c. third officer d. bosun e. captain

3-Who is in charge of forenoon and first watches?

c. third officer

4-The chief officer is responsible for;

a. cargo handling b. sharing duties of deck dept. personnel c. maintenance of safety equipment d. watchkeeping e. all

4-The chief officer is responsible for;

e. all

5-Deck crew are …..
a. Donkeyman, able seaman, ordinary seaman, deck boy b. Donkeyman, oiler, ordinary seaman, deck boy c. Boatswain, able seaman, ordinary seaman, deck boy d. Boatswain, able seaman, fitter, wiper, deck boy e. Boatswain, cadet, able seaman, ordinary seaman, deck boy

5-Deck crew are …..

c. Boatswain, able seaman, ordinary seaman, deck boy

9-The foreman of deck crew is;

a. donkeyman b. bosun c. able seaman d. cadet e. chief steward

9-The foreman of deck crew is;

b. bosun

13-‘galley,steward,cook’.The terms are related to;

a. engine department b. catering department c. deck department d. port facilities e. control rooms

13-‘galley,steward,cook’.The terms are related to;

b. catering department