You are on page 1of 35

Chapter 5 Selection

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Objectives and goals Selection Procedures Selection Criteria Test: Types and Methods Interviews: Skills and Guidelines

Employee Testing and Selection
Behavioral Objectives When you finish studying this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the overall selection process and explain why it is important. Define basic testing concepts including validity and reliability. Discuss at least four types of personnel tests. Explain the pros and cons of background investigations, reference checks, and

Chapter Outline
 The Selection Process  Basic Testing Concepts  Ethical, Legal, and Fairness Questions in Testing  Types of Tests  Work Samples and Simulations  Other Selection Techniques

criterion validity A type of validity based on showing that scores on the test (predictors) are related . and so on measures what it purports to measure or fulfills the function it was designed to fill. interview.Key words test validity The accuracy with which a test.

Key words content validity A test that is content valid is one in which the test contains a fair sample of the tasks and skills actually needed for the job in question reliability The characteristic that refers to the consistency of scores obtained by the .

work samples Actual job tasks used in testing applicants’ performance.Key words expectancy chart A graph showing the relationship between test scores and job performance for a large group of people. work sampling technique A testing method based on measuring performance on actual basic job tasks. .

. It usually also involves testing and the use of management games.Key words management assessment centers A situation in which management candidates are asked to make decisions in hypothetical situations and are scored on their performance.

Discuss how to improve your performance as an interviewer. List important “guidelines for interviewers.Chapter 6 Interviewing Candidates Behavioral Objectives When you finish studying this chapter.” Explain how to develop a structured or situational interview. Explain the factors and problems that can undermine an interview’s usefulness and techniques for eliminating them. . you should be able to: Describe several basic types of interviews.

Chapter Outline  Basic Features of Interviews  What Factors Can Undermine an interview’s Usefulness?  Designing and Conducting the Effective Interview .

directive interview An interview following a set sequence of questions. The interviewer pursues points of interest as they come up in response to questions.Key words nondirective nterview An unstructured conversational style interview. .

Key words stress interview An interview in which the applicant is made uncomfortable by a series of often rude questions. appraisal interview A discussion following a performance appraisal in which supervisor and employee discuss the employee’s rating and possible remedial actions. This technique helps identify hypersensitive applicants and those with low or high stress tolerance. .

.Key words situational interview A series of job-related questions which focuses on how the candidate would behave in a given situation. job-related interview A series of job-related questions which focuses on relevant past job-related behaviors.

.Key words structured sequential interview An interview in which the applicant is interviewed sequentially by several persons and each rates the applicant on a standard form. panel interview An interview in which a group of interviewers questions the applicant.

.Key words candidate-order error An error of judgment on the part of the interviewer due to interviewing one or more very good or very bad candidates just before the interview in question.

1. (2)Consequences of selection . Importance of Selection (1)Objectives and goals.

 Selection is to choose the most appropriate candidates for the organization from the applicants’ pool established during recruiting.(1) Objectives and goals.  The most appropriate but not necessarily the best.  Criteria is of critical importance. .

 Mistaken Selection: the one selected is not capable of doing the job.  Mistaken screening: the one screened out is able to do the job. .(2) Consequences of selection Four results of selection:  Correct selection: the one selected is capable of doing the job.  Correct screening: the one screened out is not capable of doing the jobs.

Selection Procedures (1)Initial screening (2)Testing (3)Interview (4)Decision making (5)Evaluating selection results .

. C. B. Examine personal data or reference letters to find out problematic candidates.(1) Initial screening A. Screen out those candidates that do not meet the basic requirement of the selection criteria. Reduce the number of candidates tasking the test if there are too many by removing those the are meeting the bottom line of the selection criteria.

B. Determine the types and contents of testing.(2) Testing A. Validate the validity and reliability of the test. . Set the cut-off line for the testing scores. C.

Structure the interview. Train the interviewer. Develop interview guidelines. B. . D. Avoid common mistakes. C. E. Determine the content of interview.(3) Interview A.

Decide which candidate to select based on the results of the tests and interview. B. Consult the line managers on the candidates selected. D.(4) Decision making A. C. . Send notice to the candidates being selected. Inform the line managers to prepare for orientation and training for the new employees.

(5) Evaluating selection results  Immediate evaluation: ask the line managers whether the new employee is capable of doing his/her job during the trial period.  Follow-up evaluation: use the performance appraisal data to see performance of the new employees in the 1st year. .

Selection Criteria (1)Contents of selection criteria (2)Five dimensions of selection criteria (3)Validation of selection criteria .3.

Physical and mental requirements. and Personal traits. . which usually covers the following areas: Education and training. Skills and experience.(1) Contents of selection criteria Selection criteria and developed based on the description and specification of the job open to employment.

C. Sensitivity: whether the criteria are capable of telling individual differences. B. Validity: whether the criteria are closely related to the performance of the jobs. Acceptability: whether the criteria are acceptable to the line managers and the candidates. . D. Reliability: whether the criteria are consistent in applying to different candidates at different times.(2) Five dimensions of selection criteria A.

Criterion validation: to validate whether the criteria are capable of reflecting actual job performance. B. C. Content validation: to validate whether the content of the criteria are closely related to the job.(3) Validation of selection criteria A. Trait validation: to validate whether the personal traits in the criteria are necessary for doing the job. .

.4. Testing (1)Determine the types and contents of the testing. (3)Set the cut-off line. (2)Validate the validity and reliability of the test.

interest and attitude: psychological tests. B. A. .  Consistent with the selection criteria. Types of tests  Cognitive ability: written or oral.  Personality. Contents of testing:  Based on job description and specification.  Motor and physical ability: physical examination or simulation.(1) Determine the types and contents of the testing.

 Content validity and reliability.  Criterion validity and reliability. validate whether the content of the test is based on the requirement of the job and whether the results of the test is consistent over time. . Validate whether the answers to the questions are able to distinguish good from bad and whether the rate of correct answers is consistent over time.(2) Validate the validity and reliability of the test.

(2)Structure the interview. . (4)Develop interview guidelines.5. Interview (1)Determine the content of interview. (5)Train the interviewer. (3)Avoid common mistakes.

motivation and personal traits.(1) Determine the content of interview.  Conduct interview after testing for a large pool. intelligence. Interview is the method to get to know a job applicant’s knowledge. . A. attitude. Interview is the simplest but also the most subjective way of selecting employees. interest. C. In order to reduce subjectivity in selection. we should. oral ability. B.

Step 3: Develop interview questions. Step 1: Conduct job analysis. Step 4: Develop benchmark answers. . Step 5: Appoint interview panel and implement.(2) Structure the interview. Step 2: Evaluate the job duty information.

(3) Avoid common mistakes.  Stereotypes: stereotypes reflect the bias of the interviewer.  Personal feeling: personal feeling affects the judgment of the interviewer. .  Comparison: comparison is not reliable without consistent criteria. Common mistakes in interview:  First impression: first impression is always subject to one’s bias or preference. A.

 Train the interviewer on the criteria and structure of the interview. Measures to avoid interview mistakes  Develop selection criteria for the interview.  Develop interview questions based on the criteria.B.  Structure the interview to ensure consistency. .  Give weights to different questions to emphasize the key factors.