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Community Internet Cafe 2004
World In Need Philippines

Asian Internet Bible Institute

Philippine Mission Association

100111100011100011100111001111
00111100001111001100100101010
networking guide
101001111000100011111111000111
community internet café
11100110010100000111100001001
010101010000111111111000010001
010010010001110011110011110001
100111100011111001100111100001
10101000011111101010100111100
100011100011110001111100110010
• consists of two or more computers
0010010010101000101010101000
linked in order to share resources
000101010100001111111110000010
11111100000101010100001111111
(such as printers and CD-ROMs),
01000011111111100000101010100
• exchange files, or allow electronic
000010101010000111111111000001
11111110000
communications.

What is a Network?

that are

• linked through cables, telephone lines,
radio waves, satellites, or infrared light
beams

Networking Guide

100111100011100011100111001111
00111100001111001100100101010
networking guide
101001111000100011111111000111
community internet café
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010101010000111111111000010001
010010010001110011110011110001
100111100011111001100111100001
10101000011111101010100111100
100011100011110001111100110010
Local Area Network (LAN)
0010010010101000101010101000
- lab, school, building
000101010100001111111110000010
11111100000101010100001111111
• Metropolitan Area Network
01000011111111100000101010100
- cities, school districts
000010101010000111111111000001
11111110000

Basic types of networks:

(MAN)

• Wide Area Network (WAN)
- regions, states or the world,
require transoceanic cabling or
satellite uplinks

Networking Guide

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Speed 0010010010101000101010101000 • Cost 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 • Security 01000011111111100000101010100 • Centralized 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Advantages • • • • Software Management Resource Sharing Electronic Mail Flexible Access Workgroup Computing Networking Guide .

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Expensive to Install 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 • Requires Administrative 11111100000101010100001111111 • File Server may Fail 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 • Cables May Break 11111110000 Disadvantages Time Networking Guide .

and speed of data transfer. types of cabling. Networking Guide .100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • set of rules that governs the 0010010010101000101010101000 communications between computers 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 on a network. allowed What is a Protocol? physical topologies. 01000011111111100000101010100 • guidelines that regulate the characteristics 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 of a network: access method.

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Ethernet 0010010010101000101010101000 • LocalTalk 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 • Token Ring 01000011111111100000101010100 • Fiber Distributed 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Most common protocols Data Interface(FDDI) • Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Networking Guide .

Networking Guide . 11111100000101010100001111111 • Other equipment needed to 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 perform data-processing and 11111110000 What is a Networking Hardware? communications within the network. peripherals. 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 interface cards.100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Includes all computers.

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • File Servers 0010010010101000101010101000 • Workstations 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 • Network Interface 01000011111111100000101010100 • Connectors/Hubs 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Network Hardwares Cards • Repeaters • Bridges • Routers Networking Guide .

What is a Network Cabling? Networking Guide .100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 Cable 000101010100001111111110000010 .is the medium through which 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 information usually moves from 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 one network device to another.

Fiber Optic Cable . Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable 0010010010101000101010101000 .Unshielded Twisted Pair 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 Connector (RJ-45) 01000011111111100000101010100 2.Fiber Optic Connector (ST) 5. Coaxial Cable What is a Network Cabling? .100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 1. Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) Cable 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 3.Coaxial Cable Connectors (BNC) 4. Wireless LANs Networking Guide .

Always use more cable than you need. Networking Guide . Stay at least 3 feet away from fluorescent light boxes and other sources of electrical interference.100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 1. 3. Test every part of a network as you 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 install it. 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 Leave plenty of slack. 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000it may have problems that will be Installing Cable – Some Guidelines difficult to isolate later. Even if it is brand new. 000101010100001111111110000010 2.

cover the cable with 11111100000101010100001111111 cable protectors. Use cables ties (not tape) to keep cables in the same location together. Label both ends of each cable. Networking Guide . 11111110000 Installing Cable – Some Guidelines 5.100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 4. 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 4. If it is necessary to run cable across 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 the floor.

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 How to Wire a Network Networking Guide .

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 .

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Cabling: Straight-Through Networking Guide .

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Cabling: Crossed-Over Networking Guide .

computers.100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 • Method used to 11111110000 What is a Topology? • Refers to the configuration of cables. Networking Guide . and other peripherals. pass information between workstations.

Main types of Physical Topologies a and peripherals) are connected to the linear cable. LINEAR BUS 000101010100001111111110000010 . workstations.100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 1.consist of a main run of cable with 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 terminator at each end.all nodes (file server. 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000. Networking Guide .

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Easy to connect a computer or 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 peripheral to a linear bus. 11111110000 Advantages of a Linear Bus Topology star Networking Guide . 11111100000101010100001111111 • Requires less cable length than a 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 topology.

000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Disadvantages of a Linear Bus Topology of • Difficult to identify the problem if the entire network shuts down. 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 • Terminators are required at both ends 01000011111111100000101010100 the backbone cable. • Not meant to be used as a stand-alone Solution in a large building Networking Guide .100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Entire network shuts down if there is a 0010010010101000101010101000 break in the main cable.

designed with each node (file server. . 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 workstations. and peripherals) 01000011111111100000101010100 connected directly to a central 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Main types of Physical Topologies network hub or concentrator. STAR 0010010010101000101010101000 . Networking Guide .100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 2.data on a star network passes through the hub or concentrator before continuing to its destination.

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 Easy to install and wire 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 • No disruptions to the network then 11111100000101010100001111111 connecting or removing devices 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 • Easy to detect faults and to 11111110000 Advantages of a Star Topology • remove parts. Networking Guide .

01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 nodes attached are disabled.100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 Requires more cable length than 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 linear topology 11111100000101010100001111111 • If the hub or concentrator fails. 11111110000 Disadvantages of a Star Topology • a • More expensive than linear bus topologies because of the cost of the concentrators. Networking Guide .

STAR-WIRED RING 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 .internally. Networking Guide . the multistation access unit 11111110000 Main types of Physical Topologies (MAU) contains wiring that allows information to pass from one device to another in a circle or ring. may appear to be the 11111100000101010100001111111 same as a STAR topology. 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 .100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 3.externally.

combines characteristics of linear bus 11111100000101010100001111111 and star topologies.allows expansion of an existing network.it consists of groups of star-configured 11111110000 Main types of Physical Topologies workstations connected to a linear bus backbone cable. TREE 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 . .100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 4. 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 . Networking Guide .

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Point-to-point wiring for individual 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 segments. 11111110000 Advantages of a Tree Topology Networking Guide . 11111100000101010100001111111 • Supported by several hardware 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 and software vendors.

the entire 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 segment goes down. 11111100000101010100001111111 • If the backbone line breaks. Networking Guide . 11111110000 Disadvantages of a Tree Topology • More difficult to configure and wire than other topologies.100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Overall length of each segment is 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 limited by the type of cabling used.

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 • Money. Networking Guide . 11111110000 Considerations When Choosing A Topology needed. • Cable type. 11111100000101010100001111111 • Length of cable 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 • Future growth.

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 There are two major types: 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 1. Peer-to-Peer 01000011111111100000101010100 .allow users to share 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 What is a Network Operating System? resources and files located on their computers and to access shared resources found on other computers. Networking Guide .

Networking Guide . 11111100000101010100001111111 • Setup – an operating system 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 already in place may only need 11111110000 Advantages of Peer-to-Peer to be reconfigured for peer-topeer operations.100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Less initial expense – No need for a 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 dedicated server.

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 • Decentralized – No central repository for 0010010010101000101010101000 files and applications. 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Disadvantages of Peer-to-Peer Networking Guide . 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 • Security – Does not provide the security 01000011111111100000101010100 available on a client/server network.

Networking Guide .allows network to centralized functions 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 and applications in one or more 11111100000101010100001111111 dedicated file servers. .100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 2. Client/Server 100011100011110001111100110010 .allow multiple users to simultaneously share the same resources irrespective of physical location. providing access to resources and providing security. 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 file servers become the heart of the 11111110000 What is a Network Operating System? system.

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Advantages of Client/Server Network • • • • • Centralized Scalability Flexibility Interoperability Accessibility Networking Guide .

100111100011100011100111001111 00111100001111001100100101010 networking guide 101001111000100011111111000111 community internet café 11100110010100000111100001001 010101010000111111111000010001 010010010001110011110011110001 100111100011111001100111100001 10101000011111101010100111100 100011100011110001111100110010 0010010010101000101010101000 000101010100001111111110000010 11111100000101010100001111111 01000011111111100000101010100 000010101010000111111111000001 11111110000 Disadvantages of Client/Server Network • Expensive – investment in dedicated server • Maintenance – require a dedicated staff to ensure efficient operation • Dependence – when server goes down. operation will cease across the network Networking Guide .

1111111000111000111100011111001100101000001111000010010010101000101010101000 01001001000111001111001111000111000111001110011110001111100110011110000111100 1111000100011111111000111000111100011111001100101000001111000010010010101000 0000100001001001001000111001111001111000111000111001110011110001111100110011 11110101010011110001000111111110001110001111000111110011001010000011110000100 1110000010101010000111111111000001010101000011111111100000101010100001111111 010101010000111111111000001010101000011111111100000101010100001111111110000 1111111000111000111100011111001100101000001111000010010010101000101010101000 01001001000111001111001111000111000111001110011110001111100110011110000111100 1111000100011111111000111000111100011111001100101000001111000010010010101000 0000100001001001001000111001111001111000111000111001110011110001111100110011 11110101010011110001000111111110001110001111000111110011001010000011110000100 1110000010101010000111111111000001010101000011111111100000101010100001111111 010101010000111111111000001010101000011111111100000101010100001111111110000 Community Internet Cafe 2004 World In Need Philippines  Asian Internet Bible Institute  Philippine Mission Association .