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ABORTION IN ISLAM

WHAT
Also called voluntary abortion. the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order

to end a pregnancy.

STATISTICS
Abortions are free in BC if you have medical
coverage. The cost for an early abortion is about $450 to $600 “About 20,000 teenagers have abortions in Canada each year.”
http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/abortioninfo/teens.shtml

WHY Too young • • • • Embarrased Study Panicked Financial .

Economical factor • Small income • High standard of living • Overpopulation .

Health hazards • For the baby • Abnormal health conditions that could affect its life significantly in a negative way • If the mother had HIV • For the mother • Can lead to death if pregnancy is continued .

. prevent further stress to the mother The fetus cannot be considered as a human just yet.ETHICAL ARGUMENTS PRO-ABORTION Grim future prospects for teenagers In case of rape and incest.

ETHICAL ARGUMENTS AGAINST ABORTION Sanctity of life Abortion is a murder Guilt .

WHAT ISLAMIC SCHOLARS SAID Stages of fetus Abortion after the soul (Ruh) enters the foetus Abortion prior to the entry of the soul in to the foetus .

.WHEN IS A FETUS CONSIDERED A LIFEBEING?  Abdullah ibn Mas‟ud (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said:  “The seed of one of you remains in the womb of the mother for forty days in the form of a Nutfa (sperm). and then for a same number of days like a lump of flesh (when the formation of the limbs and the growth of the bones begin) (Sahih al-Bukhari & Sahih Muslim). Then it remains like a clot for another forty days.

WHEN IS A FETUS CONSIDERED A LIFE BEING?  “And verily we did create man from a quintessence (of clay). So blessed be Allah. Then we made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh. Then we developed out of it another creature (by breathing life into it). the most marvellous creator” (Surah al-Mu‟minun. firmly fixed. Then of that clot we made a (foetus) lump. . Then we placed him (as a drop of sperm) in a place of rest. Then we made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood. 12/13/14).

Qur'an 5:32 . it is as though he has murdered all of mankind.Whosoever has spared the life of a soul. Whosoever has killed a soul. it is as though he has spared the life of all people.

ABORTION AFTER THE SOUL (RUH) ENTERS THE FOETUS Most scholars deemed it as impermissible in most cases. They are: • Ibn Abidin (Hanafi scholar) • Imam Ibn Tamiiyah .

5/276). 1/202) • “If a woman intends to abort her pregnancy. as established by the Hadith” (Radd al-Muhtar.Radd al-Muhtar: • “The soul enters the foutus at one hundred & twenty days (4 months). • “It is not permissible to abort the pregnancy before and after the entry of the soul into the foetus” (Radd al-Muhtar. it will be impermissible” (Radd al-Muhtar. then the Fuqaha have said: If the period of the soul being blown into the foetus has elapsed. 5/279) .

8) . 4/217). • “Aborting a foetus has been declared unlawful (Haram) with the consensus of all the Muslim scholars.(Fatawa Ibn Tamiyya. It is similar to burying an infant alive as referred to by Allah Almighty in the verse of the Qur‟an: “And when the female infant. will be asked as to what crime she was killed for” (Surah al-Takwir. buried alive.

SO WHEN IS IT PERMISSIBLE? In the situation where the life of the mother is in certain and absolute danger. one should choose the lesser of the two” (al-Ashbah wa al-Naza‟ir. P.98) Require the opinion of qualified and experienced Muslim doctor . “If one is overtaken by two evils.

T H E L E S S E R O F T WO EVILS the mother is the 'originator' of the foetus the mother's life is well-established the mother has with duties and responsibilities the mother is part of a family allowing the mother to die would also kill the foetus in most cases .

A B O R T I O N P R I O R TO T H E E N T RY O F T H E S O U L I N TO T H E F E T U S Also impermissible (Haraam) .

.SO WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE? Degree of sin is lesser in the case of prior to 120 days after conception.

„violating the rights of a human organ entrusted to the mother by Allah Almighty.‟ Prior to 120 days Not considered killing Situation After 120 days Considered as killing .

WHAT ABOUT. Rape cases? Adultery? ..

Reflects the flexibility in Islam .Some goes against it even before the 120 days mark Some scholars allows it.

 Sheikh M. A.OPINION AGAINST  I believe that the value of life is the same whether this embryo is the result of fornication with relatives or non-relatives or valid marriage. Al-Salami. In Sharia life has the same value in all cases. Third Symposium on Medical Jurisprudence .

approved a draft law allowing women to abort a pregnancy that is the result of rape. . Muhammad Sayed Tantawi.OPINION FOR In Egypt (where abortion is illegal) in June 2004. the Grand Sheikh of Al Azhar. The law would also make it legal for women to undergo an abortion more than four months after conception.

It should be remarked here that pregnancy due to unlawful and illegal sex is no reason and excuse for abortion. The embryonic life farm in the mother‟s womb is honoured and sacred even though it is a result of adultery .

“Kill not your offspring for fear of poverty.” Qur'an 17:32 . killing them is a great sin. it is We who provide for them and for you. C A R E E R . Surely. .B A C K TO F I N A N C I A L . E D U C AT I O N I S S S U E S .

RELATED Baby dumping vs abortion? Family planning .

B A B Y D U M P I N G S TAT I S T I C S I N M A L AYS I A .

I N T E RV E N T I O N A N D C U R E T H AT H AV E B E E N I M P L E M E N T E D Short term: • Free condoms have been distributed in Malaysia • Baby hatch .

.Long term: • Back to Islam. • Help the affected ladies and their families in accepting the situation • Provide them with religious knowledge because maybe they did it because they didn‟t know. don‟t do another mistake to erase it. Emphasize on religious basics from early age • Widespread of information regarding abortion including psychological impacts. • Change the social stigma • The mistake has been done. and long term impacts. • Kids born to these mothers should be treated equally as other kids.

co.bbc.uk/religion/religions/islam/islamethics/abortion_1.org/abortioninfo/teens.shtml .my/ebangi/papers/2012%20specialissues/sarnon012.ca/2012/01/statistik-kes-pembuangan-bayiseluruh.about.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.blogspot.pdf  http://kaunselingsyarie.com/issue_view.qibla.h tm  http://pkukmweb.ukm.shtml  http://spa.com/od/reproductiverights/a/AbortionArgumen.asp?CATE=87&HD=12&ID=270  http://womensissues.SOURCES  http://www.html  http://www.

 Video clip. .