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We shall define : Automation.
Describe the various types of automation.
provide reasons why the companies install the
Dr. Soliman Elnaggar
and computer-based systems to operate and control production. Soliman Elnaggar 2 . Dr.Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing Automation Automation is a technology concerned with the application of mechanical. electronic.
Dr. industrial robots flexible automation Is one that is capable of producing a Varity of products (or parts) with virtually no time loss for changeovers from one product to the next. Examples: mechanized assembly lines machining transfer lines Programmable automation The production equipment is designed with the capability to change the sequence of operations to accommodate product configurations Examples: numerically controlled machine tools.Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing Types of automation Fixed automation A system in which the sequence of processing (or assembly) operations is fixed by the equipment configuration. Soliman Elnaggar 3 .
Soliman Elnaggar 4 .an extension of programmable automation in which there is virtually no lost production time for setup changes or reprogramming Dr.equipment is designed with the capability to change the program of instructions to allow production of different parts or products • Flexible automation .Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing Three Basic Types of Automation • Fixed automation .the processing or assembly steps and their sequence are fixed by the equipment configuration • Programmable automation .
Soliman Elnaggar 5 .Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing P vs Q in Factory Operations Dr.
and perform the various business function related in manufacturing. Soliman Elnaggar 6 .1-2 Model of manufacturing Dr. CAD/CAM Relationship between automation & CIM Information processing activities Row material Factory physical activities Finished product Fig.Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing CIM: computer integrated manufacturing The term CIM. has been coined to denote the pervasive use of computers to design the products. plan the production. control the operations.
Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing Reasons for Automating Increased productivity High cost of labor Labor shortages Trend of labor toward the service sector Safety High cost of raw materials Improved product quality Reduce manufacturing lead time Reduction of in.process inventory High coast of not automating Dr. Soliman Elnaggar 7 .
Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing 2.Production Operations and Automation Strategies We shall define some fundamental concepts about production and automation Mathematical model. production rate. 10 automation strategies Dr. Soliman Elnaggar 8 . plant capacity.
car body 9 Dr. Soliman Elnaggar .1 Manufacturing industries A company can be classified as one of the three categories: Basic producer Converter fabricator Basic producer Iron ore Steel ingots Converter Bar stock Sheet metal fabricator Final product Machine Eng ine comp.Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing 2.
Soliman Elnaggar Plant layout Product flow 10 .Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing 2.2 TYPES OF PRODUCTION Classification according to quantity of product made : Job shop production Batch production mass production Batch Job shop mass Production quantity Production rate Labor skill level general Equipments Special tooling special process Dr.
4. Soliman Elnaggar 11 .Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing 2. 2.3 Functions in manufacturing Classification according to quantity of product made : physical activities Raw material Receiving 5. 3. Control 1. Processing Assembly 11ppp Material handling & storage Inspection and tests shipping Finished product Model of the factory showing five function of the manufacturing Dr.
operation to enhance physical properties. fixture Manufacturing process energy Labor Scrap & waste Completed workpiece • control function : the control function in manufacturing includes both the regulation of individual processing and assembly operations. finishing operation Row material Equipments Tooling.Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing • Processing operation function classified to: Basic processes. and the management of plant level activities Dr. secondary processes. Soliman Elnaggar 12 .
4 organization and information processing in manufacturing Product design Product development Engineering drawing Bills of materials Business functions customers Marketing Sales Order entry Customers billing Factory `````````````````` operations Manufacturing Planning Process Planning Master schedule Requirement planning Capacity planning Manufacturing control Shop floor control Quality control Inventory control Information-processing cycle in typical manufacturing firm Dr.Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing 2. Soliman Elnaggar 13 .
Soliman Elnaggar 14 .5 Plant Layout a) Fixed-Position Layout Dr.Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing 2.
Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing b) Process Layout Shopping and receiving Lathe dept. Grinding dept. Drill dept. Soliman Elnaggar office 15 . Milling dept. Assembly Finishing dept. Dr.
Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing c) Product flow Layout Work stations Row material Finished product Dr. Soliman Elnaggar 16 .
using a model.Automation Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing Questions 1) Explain the types of production? 2) What are the categories of mass production? 3) explain. Soliman Elnaggar 17 . the functions in production? 4) Explain the typing of processing operation? 5) draw the manufacturing process model? 6) draw and explain the information processing cycle in a typical manufacturing firm? 7) using sketch. explain the types of plant layout? Dr.