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which exceed the ability of those affected to cope. material. . economic and environmental losses.A serious disruption of normal life triggered by a human-induced hazard causing human.

Forest Fire Chemical&Industrial Accidents Road Accidents .

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either by accident. the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. They are a form of industrial accident where great damage. . which are disasters caused by industrial companies. For example. injury or loss of life are caused.Industrial disasters. if their causes are rooted in the products or processes of industry. Other disasters can also be considered industrial disasters. negligence or incompetence.

Defense industry Energy industry Food industry Manufacturing industry Mining industry .

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1965: Little Rock AFB in Searcy. 53 contract workers were killed during a fire at a Titan Missile silo. Arkansas. August 9. California.July 17. 1944: Port Chicago Disasters A munitions explosion that killed 320 people occurred at the Port Chicago Naval magazine in Port Chicago. The cause of the fire was determined to be a welding rod damaging a hydraulic hose allowing hydraulic vapors to .

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Pennsylyvania coal mine fire began. forcing the gradual evacuation of the Centralia borough. The fire continues to burn in the abandoned borough in 2011. . 49 years later. 1979:Ixtoc I oil spill.•May 1962: The Centralia. The Ixtoc I exploratory oil well suffered a blowout resulting in the third largest oil spill and the second largest accidental spill in history. •June 3.

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where locked doors trapped workers in a burning processing plant. North Carolina . 1878: The Washburn A Mill in Minneapolis was destroyed by a flour dust explosion . •September 3. killing 18. The mill was rebuilt with updated technology. The explosion led to new safety standards in the milling industry. .•May 2. causing 25 deaths. 1991: 1991 Hamlet Chicken processing plant fire in Hamlet .

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Massachusetts. Massachusetts that collapsed without warning. An estimated 145 workers were killed and 166 injured. building collapse and fire that killed 58 people and injured 150 in Brockton. •March 20. 1905: Grover Shoe factory Disaster was a boiler explosion . . 1860: Pemberton Mill was a large factory in Lawrence.•January 10.

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1. 1913:Sengheddy Colliery disaster . France. including children. •October 14.099 workers died.•March 10. 439 workers died. 1906: Couriers Mine disaster in Couriers. . in the worst mine accident ever in Europe. the worst Mining accident in the United Kingdom.

4) It applies to industrial accidents capable of causing Tran boundary effects designate one point of contact for the purpose of industrial accident . .1) The main cause of disasters in industry is because of employment of uneducated / illiterate people which sometimes results in huge lose of money and lives or 2) These accidents are mainly caused by fires. 3) Bhopal Saga: Causes and Consequences of the World's Largest Industrial Disaster . explosions etc.

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 Improve fire fighting and pollution dispersion capabilities.  Insurance for industries and safety legislation.  Incident response training should be provided to the employees of the industry.Improve fire resistance and warning systems. .  Limit storage capacity of the toxic substances.  Develop emergency relief and evacuation planning for employees and nearby settlements.  Maintain a wind flow diagram of the region.

The onset of an industrial / chemical accident can be rapid and /or sudden with no warning depending on the nature of occurrence. . technological failure. Release of chemicals may be because of human errors.