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Cont..

Network Administration
Samantha Indika
Configuring Printer Server CUPS Service (Common Unix Printing System) Check the RPMs #rpm -q cups system-config-printer #service cups start #ntsysv [*]cups Installing a local printer for sharing System > Administration > Printing Printer Name : Printer2 Location : srvX

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 1

Cont.. Network Administration


Connection Types

Local Serial LPT USB

Network

To access already shared printer AppSocket/HP Jet Direct (Physical Printer Server) (HP Printer Server) IPP (WAN/Internet Printing) Eg : Google Cloud Printing LPD/LPR host or printer (Line Printer Daemon) (Line Printer Remote Protocol) Eg : Unix Printer Server Windows Printer via SAMBA Eg : Windows Printer Server

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Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
Since we want to share printer for our machines we have to select one of the locally connected method Select Connection LPT #1 Select the printer manufacture to install the device driver if the driver was provided by manufacture you can select Provide PPD file and browse and give the drive HP Select the printer model and the driver will be auto selected 2000C /dev/lp0 Printer will be listed under local printers. If you wish to edit the properties of the printer select the printers name

Sharing the printer on the network Select the Printers Name :Printer2 Be sure the shared is enabled The shared printers will be visible under Remote Printers automatically on the clients
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Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
Sharing resources between Windows and Linux (Files/Folders/Printers) SAMBA Service Opening windows to wider world What is Samba? "Samba is an Open Source/Free Software suite that provides seamless file and print services to SMB/CIFS clients." Samba is freely available, unlike other SMB/CIFS implementations, and allows for interoperability between Linux/Unix servers and Windows-based clients.

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 4

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
Steps 1. Check RPMs 2. Start Windows Server 2003 Use VMWare Player or user separate PC Accessing a Ms Windows PC from Linux Check the RPMs #rpm -q samba-client Configure Ms Windows PC Workgroup Computer Name User Name Password

: : : :

xxxxxx.local win2 Administrator 123456

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 5

Cont.. Network Administration


Accessing Linux PC from Ms Windows PC Check the RPMs #rpm -q samba Set the SAMBA workgroup name according to Ms Windows workgroup name #nano /etc/samba/smb.conf Workgroup = xxxxxx.local Start the SAMBA service and add to the startup

#service smb start


#ntsysv [*]smb

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Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Now you will be able to see the SAMBA server through My Network Places in Windows PC. But we wont be able to access the SAMBA server unless we add our Linux user accounts to SAMBA Database. Add Linux users to SAMBA database #smbpasswd a linux username New SMB password Retype password Verify #pdbedit L
Password Database List

: 123 : 123

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 7

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Remove Linux users from SAMBA database #smbpasswd x linux username
Remove

Verify #pdbedit L

Now you will be able to access the SAMBA server from the new user accounts from Windows. By defaults the users home folders will be automatically shared through SAMBA and the user will be able to access it from Windows from full privileges. Additionally if there were any shared Linux printers that also will be automatically shared through SAMBA Sharing additional folders through SAMBA Create a folder for sharing #mkdir /data #ls /

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Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Share the folder #nano /etc/samba/smb.conf Go to end of file [my data path = public writable share] /data = yes = yes - Share name - Folder to share - All SAMBA users can access the folder - All SAMBA users can write into the folder

#service smb reload

By default normal SAMBA users wont be able to write into the SAMBA share unless we change the ext3 permissions.
#ls -ld /data

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 9

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


By default normal SAMBA users wont be able to write into the SAMBA share unless we change the ext3 permissions.

d
Directory

r w x
Owner (root user)

r - x
Group (roots group)

r - x
Others (Normal Linux User)

Quick Fix #chmod 757 /data #ls -ld /data

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 10

Samantha Indika

#ls -ld /data

Cont.. Network Administration


Accessing a shared printer on Linux from Windows through SAMBA. The printers will be automatically shared with Windows when you start the SAMBA service. The only thing you have to do is to properly install it Windows. Login as Administrator to the Windows PC.

Go through My Network Places and access the SAMBA Server where the printer is share.

Double-click on the Printer that you wish to configure.

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 11

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Internet Sharing & Controlling on the network

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 12

Samantha Indika

Squid Web Proxy Service Squid is a caching proxy for the Web supporting HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and more. It reduces bandwidth and improves response times by caching and reusing frequently-requested web pages. Squid has extensive access controls and makes a great server accelerator. It runs on most available operating systems, including Windows and is licensed under the GNU GPL.

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 13

Check the RPMs #rpm -q squid Before we can share the internet connection the Proxy Server must have direct connection to Internet

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika

#system-config-network-tui Default Gateway : 192.168.1.1 Primary DNS : 8.8.8.8

#service network restart

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 14

Cont.. Network Administration


Sharing the Internet Connection through Proxy #nano /etc/squid/squid.conf

Access Control List

ACL Name

ACL Tag

IP range of the clients

http_access allow our_networks


ACL Name

Start the Proxy Service and add it to the Startup #service squid start #ntsysv [*]squid

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 15

Samantha Indika

acl our_networks src 192.168.1.0/24

Cont.. Network Administration


Configuring a Proxy Client A proxy client is the application that we use to browse internet through proxy server. Eg : Web Browser Each application that you use to access Internet must be separately configured to access the Proxy Server.

Under normal circumstance we do not have to set the Default Gateway or the DNS on the Proxy Client.

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 16

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Configure Mozilla FireFox Edit > Preferences > Advanced > Network > Settings

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Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Change Port # #nano /etc/squid/squid.conf

#service squid restart Generating Proxy report SARG (Squid Analysis Report Generator) #rpm -q sarg #service squid stop Change permission #ls ld /var/www/sarg #chmod 777 /var/www/sarg

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 18

Samantha Indika

Search (Ctrl + W) : http_port 3128 8080

Cont.. Network Administration


To make the report #sarg

Access the report Computer > File System > var > www > sarg > index.html > R.C. & open with Web Browser (Mozilla FireFox)

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 19

Samantha Indika

#service squid start

Cont.. Network Administration


Controlling Internet access through the Proxy #nano /etc/squid/squid.conf

Ex1 : Blocking web sites by domain name acl rule1 dstdomain .facebook.com .microsoft.com
Access Control List ACL Name (Any Name) ACL Tag Domain Names

# http_access deny rule1


ACL Name

#service squid reload

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 20

Samantha Indika

# http_access deny all

Cont.. Network Administration


Deny sites to a file #nano /etc/squid/denyurls

# http_access deny all acl rule2 dstdomain /etc/squid/denyurls


Access Control List ACL Name (Any Name) ACL Tag Domain Names

# http_access deny rule2


ACL Name

#service squid reload


Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 21

Samantha Indika

.yahoo.com .hp.com

Cont.. Network Administration


Ex2 : Blocking web access by key words acl rule3 url_regex i free download sex mp3

# http_access deny rule3


ACL Name

#service squid reload Ex3 : Blocking protocols acl rule4 proto FTP
Access Control List ACL Name (Any Name) ACL Tag Protocol

# http_access deny rule4


#service squid
ACL Name (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + reload
Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS 22

Samantha Indika

Access Control List

ACL Name (Any Name)

ACL Tag

Key words

Cont.. Network Administration


Ex4 : Allow a web site blocked by a key word Allow rules must come on the top of the rule list acl rule4 url_regex i http://www.sussex.ac.uk
Access Control List ACL Name (Any Name) ACL Tag Full url

# http_access allow rule4


ACL Name

#service squid reload

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 23

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
Configuring a DNS server for our Domain BIND Service (Berkeley Internet Naming Daemon) BIND is an implementation of the DNS protocols and provides an openly redistributable reference implementation of the major components of the Domain Name System, including: Domain Name System server Domain Name System resolver library Tools for managing and verifying the proper operation of the DNS server

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 24

Cont.. Network Administration


Domain Name

Public Valid for LAN/WAN Eg : www.redhat.com

Private Valid only for LAN Eg : softwise.local

gTLDS
(generic Top-Level DomainS)

ccTLDS
(country code Top-Level DomainS)

gov com mil net org edu

uk lk au

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 25

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Public Domain Names must be registered using a valid Domain Registrar Example ; LK www.nic.lk gTLDS ; www.godaddy.com

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 26

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 27

Cont.. Network Administration


Configuring 2nd Level DNS Server for our Domain DNS

Primary DNS (Master DNS)

Secondary DNS (Slave DNS)

(1) Master(M) / Slave (S) #rpm -q bind system-config-bind cachingnameserver

(2) M/S Set the local loopback IP as the Primary DNS server IP to indicate the machine is the DNS server. Additionally set the Domain Name to use for the DNS service. #system-config-network-tui

Primary DNS Search

: 127.0.0.1 : xxxxxx.local by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS Prepared
(Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 28

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


#service network restart Verify #cat /etc/resolve.conf (3) M only Create a DNS zone file that contains all the information about your domain. Zone file name (any name) Example zone.xxxxxx.local

Zone File #cd #ls #nano

Location /var/named /var/named l zone.xxxxxx.local

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 29

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


REFER the given note for configuration
After doing the changes increment the serial by 1 . Eg; 01

In future also do the same.

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 30

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


M/S (4) Authorize the zone file for our domain M (4.1) Copy the authorization configuration file into /etc folder.

M - (4.2) Authorizing the zone file on the Master server. #nano /etc/named.conf

Go to end of file, but before the final line zone xxxxxx.local. IN { type master; file zone. xxxxxx.local; allow-transfer { 192.168.1.XXX; }; };
Slave IP

Save & Exit

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 31

Samantha Indika

#cd #ls #cp #ls

/usr/share/system-config-bind/profiles/default l named.conf /etc l /etc/named.conf

Cont.. Network Administration


S Authorizing the zone file on the Slave DNS server #cd #ls #cp #ls /usr/share/system-config-bind/profiles/default l named.conf /etc l /etc/named.conf

#nano /etc/named.conf Go to end of file, but before the final line zone xxxxxx.local. IN { type slave; file slaves/zone.xxxxxx.local; masters { 192.168.1.XXX; }; };
Master IP

Save & Exit

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 32

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


M/S - Give the information about the root DNS servers so our DNS servers can access the root servers to resolve domain names

#cp named.root /var/named #cd /var/named #ls l #cat named.conf

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 33

Samantha Indika

#cd /usr/share/doc/bind-9.3.6/sample/var/named #ls l

Cont.. Network Administration


M/S Set the default gateway to access the Internet so our DNS server can access the root DNS servers when necessary.

Default Gateway

: 192.168.1.XXX
Router LAN IP

#service network restart Verify #cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 M/S Start the DNS service #service named start #ntsysv [*]named

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 34

Samantha Indika

#system-config-network-tui

Cont.. Network Administration


S only Check weather the zone file was properly backup #cd /var/named/slaves #ls l #cat zone.xxxxxx.local M or S Checking DNS name resolution #nslookup srvX.xxxxxx.local

#nslookup www.google.com

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 35

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
Configuring DNS Client Ms Windows Go to TCP/IP Preferred DNS Alternate DNS : 192.168.1.XXX Master : 192.168.1.XXX Slave

CentOS #system-config-network-tui Preferred DNS : 192.168.1.XXX Master Alternate DNS : 192.168.1.XXX Slave

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 36

Cont.. Network Administration


Configuring DNS Client Ms Windows Go to TCP/IP Preferred DNS : 192.168.1.XXX
Master IP

Alternate DNS

: 192.168.1.XXX

Slave IP CentOS #system-config-network-tui

Preferred DNS

: 192.168.1.XXX
Master IP

Alternate DNS

: 192.168.1.XXX
Slave IP

#cat /etc/resolv.conf

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 37

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


For any Linux system #nano /etc/resolv.conf

Master IP

nameserver 192.168.1.XXX
Slave IP

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 38

Samantha Indika

nameserver 192.168.1.XXX

Cont.. Network Administration


Configuring DHCP Server Check the RPMs #rpm -q dhcp Create a DHCP scope file that contains all the IP related information to distribute to the client #nano /etc/dhcpd.conf Scope Name Scope location : dhcpd.conf : /etc

Start the DHCP Service and add it to the Startup #service dhcpd start #ntsysv [*]dhcpd

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 39

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Configuring DHCP Client Ms Windows Go to TCP/IP Obtain IP address automatically

Obtain DNS Server address automatically CentOS #system-config-network-tui

[*] Use DHCP

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 40

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


If you are going to host multiple services on a single server rather than using the same IP better assign unique IPs to each and every service.

Eg : IF you are going to host multiple web sites on a single web server rather than using same IP better to use unique IPs to host each web site. Assign multiple IPs to a machine srv1 192.168.1.21 192.168.1.22 192.168.1.23 192.168.1.24

srv2 192.168.1.31 192.168.1.32 192.168.1.33 192.168.1.34

srv3 192.168.1.41 192.168.1.42 192.168.1.43 192.168.1.44

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 41

Samantha Indika

Configuring a web server Httpd Service (APACHE) Check the RPM #rpm -q httpd

Cont.. Network Administration


Eg : For SRV! #system-config-network-tui New Devices > Ethernet > Add 1st Virtual NIC Name Device Static IP Netmask

: : : :

eth0:0 eth0:0 192.168.1.21 255.255.255.0

2nd Virtual NIC Name Device Static IP Netmask

: : : :

eth0:1 eth0:1 192.168.1.22 255.255.255.0

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 42

Samantha Indika

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
3rd Virtual NIC Name Device Static IP Netmask 4th Virtual NIC Name Device Static IP Netmask

: : : :

eth0:2 eth0:2 192.168.1.23 255.255.255.0

: : : :

eth0:3 eth0:3 192.168.1.24 255.255.255.0

#service network restart


#ifconfig

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 43

Cont.. Network Administration


If you want to access your web site by name and to assign the new IPs to the web site we have to edit the DNS zone file on the Master DNS Server.

#nano /var/named/zone.xxxxxx.local At the end of file ;web server names and Ips abc def IN IN A A 192.168.1.21 192.168.1.22

Increment the zone serial by 1 Example : 01

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 44

Samantha Indika

On Master DNS www.xxxxxx.local abc.xxxxxx.local def.xxxxxx.local

Cont.. Network Administration


On Master Server Restart DNS

#service named restart On Master/Slaver Server or Client To Check #nslookup abc.xxxxxx.local

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 45

Samantha Indika

#killall named

Cont.. Network Administration


Samantha Indika
46

Preparing the web sites for publishing Develop the web sites and coy them into /var/www/html folder if you have multiple web sites you can keep them in sub folders under the above location. The web site home page must be named as index.html or index.php #cd /var/www/html #ls l #ls web1 #ls web2 Publishing the web sites #nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf Go to end of file

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP

Cont.. Network Administration


Go to end of file <VirtualHost 192.168.1.XXX> ServerAdmin root@xxxxxx.local DocumentRoot /var/www/html/webX ServerName abc.xxxxxx.local </VirtualHost> Start the Web Service #service httpd start #ntsysv [*]httpd To check Go to web browser and abc.xxxxxx.local

Prepared by : Samantha Indika | MCT, ACS, CEH, CCNA, BCS (Certificate), MCS (SL), MCITP, MCTS, MCSE + Security + Messaging, MCSA + Security + Messaging, MCP 47

Samantha Indika