Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson Ratio of Concrete

By: Tzu-Ting Yang Byoungsok Shin

 High Strength Concrete (HSC) and generally Higher Performing Concrete Materials. or High Performance Concrete (HPC) shows us enormous possibility for concrete to affect society.Abstract  The construction industry has taken considerable strides forward over the last two or three decades with regard to many materials. .

To gain additional knowledge on property of concrete such as Young’s modulus and Poisson ratio.Introduction of the project  Determination of compressive strength of cylindrical concrete specimens such as molded cylinders.  .

Procedure       Select six cylindrical concrete specimens. Attach strain gauges on specimens. Cap all end bearing surfaces of specimens Place an attached strain gauges and capped cylindrical concrete specimens on the SATEC hydraulic universal testing machine. Press loading and measure data. . Connect wires on each strain gauge.

Picture I .

Picture II .

817 6.000 193.917 6.537 Specimen 4 Specimen 5 Specimen 6 196.400 189.900 185.100 189.400 6.Data Peak Load(lbs) Specimen 1 Specimen 2 Specimen 3 192.785 6.300 Strength(psi) 6.628 6.685 .

Graph I Strains vs Strength Sample 4 7000 6000 Strength (psi) 5000 e (horizontal) 0.4f’c e (vertical) 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 E 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 -1000 -500 Strain (10E-6) Fig 4. .

20E+07 Young's Modulus (psi) 1.00E+07 8.00E+06 2.00E+06 6. .00E+06 0.00E+06 4.00E+00 0 5000 Sample 6 Sample 1 Sample 2 Sample 5 ACI Code Sample 3 Sample 4 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 Strength (psi) Fig 7.Graph II ACI Code vs Experimental Results 1.

273/ (598.107967  .838/ (745.Calculation  a) Young’s Modulus E= P / A E2= 2658.5/ 745.6= 0.150635 V5= 80.2/ 598.8= 0.6-40)*106 = 3870464 b) Poisson’s Ratio V=ex/ ey V2= 90.8-50)* 106 = 4843294 E5= 2731.

282144 0.068 0.131 3870.294 V 0.068072 0.817 6.917 6.785 6.453 4843.107967 0.Result Fc’(psi) Specimen 1 Specimen 2 6.537 6.685 1238.628 E 4238.150635 Specimen 3 Specimen 4 Specimen 5 Specimen 6 6.545378 .129 1.464 10516.922.07315 0.

So we can conclude that the specimen 6 have some errors appear while doing the cylinder sample. the Poisson’s ratio is frequently taken as 0. In other words. Neglect number 6 of our specimen and take an average of them.15 to 0. our experiment is very successful.  . According to our textbook. we get the Poisson’s ratio is 0.25.Conclusion  From our data results.136394. the specimen 6 is the way far from the ACI code. figure 7.

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