Lesson 3: Alcohol and It’s Effects

Group 3

EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL ON THE BODY (SYSTEMS)

Nervous System
• • • • Nerve cells Blackouts Seizures dementia

Marielle

Digestive System
• Cancers in the mouth, esophagus and stomach • Ulcer • Liver diseases - first stage: enlargement of liver with fatty tissues. - second stage: alcohol hepatitis - third stage: Cirrhosis

Marielle

• • • • • Malnutrition Pancreatitis Diabetes Pancreatic Cancer Anemia Marielle .

Immune System • a system of biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease Tin .

Effects of alcohol on the Immune System • Reduces the functions of the immune system • Increases risk of developing respiratory infections. certain cancers and other illnesses • Reduces the number of infection-fighting cells • Decreases the ability to fight pathogens Tin . tuberculosis.

you are also producing an nutrition deficiency. it is also enough to cause weaknesses in the immune system. When you drink enough to get drunk.• Alcohol will prevent nutrients from feeding your immune system • Three or more drinks a night is a significantly different story. If an individual drinks enough alcohol to get impaired or drunk. Tin .

Tin .

gases. Tin . to and from cells in the body to help fight diseases. stabilize body temperature and to maintain homeostasis. hormones. electrolytes and lymph). blood cells.Cardiovascular System • an organ system that passes nutrients (such as amino acids. etc.

Tin .DID YOU KNOW? Women’s hearts beat faster than male hearts.

Effects of alcohol on the Cardiovascular System • Increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases – High blood pressure – Stroke – Cardiomyopathy • Makes blood vessels widen • Frostbite or Hypothermia Tin .

Effects of Alcohol in the Urinary System .

• Kidneys • Bladder Jean .

THE URINARY SYSTEM • The urinary system is consisting of organs. sphincter muscles and urethra. muscles and nerves that create store and carry urine. The kidneys filter water and waste from the blood. where it is eliminated from the body. Jean . urine moves through tiny tubes called ureters to the bladder. bladder. The urine exits through the urethra. tubes. From the kidneys. which forms urine. It includes the kidneys.

• A healthy urinary system can hold up to two cups of urine comfortably for two to five hours. however. because they act as diuretics. Jean . • Drinking alcohol (and caffeine) cause more frequent urination.

THE EFFECTS • Changes in the structure and function of the kidneys • Impairment in their ability to regulate the volume and composition of fluid • Failure of bladder nerves. keeping them from signalling to the brain when the bladder is full • Dehydration • Liver Cancer Jean .

Chronic nephritis can lead to kidney failure. • Nephritis – Alcohol causes inflammation of the kidneys.URINARY SYSTEM DISEASES CAUSED BY ALCOHOL • Alcoholic liver disease – Long term and excessive consumption of alcohol can cause liver disease Alcoholic liver disease may cause death. Jean . which causes an excess build-up of fluid in the body and ultimately death. commonly known as nephritis.

though there may not be bacteria present.• Indirect Kidney Disease – Alcohol also causes kidney failure indirectly. Liver disease will ultimately cause kidney failure. • Cystitis – Inflammation of the bladder is also common. Jean . This is known as cystitis. Cystitis is also known as a bladder infection. by contributing to liver disease.

• Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) – Both chronic and acute cystitis can lead to urinary tract inflammation or infection. Jean .

drinking slowly with at least an hour break between drinks.THE SOLUTIONS • Drink most of your fluids during the day and limit drinking after dinner to reduce nighttime urination problems. Jean . • If you suspect you may have a drinking problem. such as no more than two alcoholic drinks a day. • Reduce alcohol consumption by setting a drinking goal. and eating while drinking to slow the alcohol absorption in your bloodstream. talk to your doctor about enrolling in an alcohol treatment program.

EFFECTS OF ALCOHOHOL IN THE SKELETAL SYSTEM .

Jean .

ranging in size from the very large leg bones to the tiny bones deep inside the ears.THE SKELETAL SYSTEM • The skeletal system consists of hundreds of bones. resulting in pain. Nutritional deficiencies can weaken a skeletal system. Jean . Bone health is as vital as the health of the heart or any other organ. decreased mobility and quality of life.

• Deficiencies may be caused by poor food choices. Jean . lack of food. or certain drugs. and excessive consumption of alcohol.

Bones need new cell production and good blood circulation to remain healthy.• Alcohol interferes with many body functions and lowers formation of bone cells. When the bones do not get this nutrition and support they become fragile and may develop skeletal diseases. Jean .

THE MAIN EFFECTS • Weakens the bones • Poor absorption of calcium Jean .

SKELETAL SYSTEM DISEASES CAUSED BY ALCOHOL • • • • • Fracture Arthritis Spina bifida Osteoporosis Rheumatoid arthritis Jean .

THE SOLUTIONS: • Control your alcohol intake • Drink moderately • Drink milk or other fluids that may strengthen your bones • Take in vitamins • Live a healthy lifestyle • Consult your doctor Jean .

Reproductive System • organs and tissues involved in the production an maturation of gametes and in their union and subsequent development as offspring. Paula .

fetal alcohol syndrome or FAS may occur. • On Pregnant women. irregular periods.Effects of Alcohol on the Reproductive System • Females may have delay on their first day of menstrual cycle. and impaired breast development. and they may develop risk in having breast cancer in later ages. • Males may experience decrease in size of testes and development of muscle mass. Paula .

vomiting and headache • Increase blood pressure • Increases alcohol effect.minor.thorazine. trankene . trilafon Vitamins .valium. haldol.Effect of Alcohol with drugs Types of Drug Analgesics Effect of Interaction with Alcohol Increase depression of CNS and RS Gastrointestinal blood loss and damage to stomach lining • Increase depression of CNS • Nausea. weakens CNS • Increase depressions of CNS and respiratory.Barbiturates (“downers”) and nonbarbiturates Tranquilizers .major. ativan.breathing or coma • Increase sedation and CNS depressant effects • Impairment of muscle coordination and judgment • No reported drug interaction but Clarence malnutrition is often noted Antidepressants Antihistamines Sedative-Hypnotics . nausea. vomiting •Non.

Jamie Types of Drug Antipyretics . trankene .thorazine.minor. lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) Sedative-Hypnotics .major.Barbiturates (“downers”) and nonbarbiturates • Antagonizes CNS depression • Mental and motor impairment • Addictive effect.fever reducing drugs Effect of Interaction with Alcohol •Reduce drug effect Central Nervous System Stimulants Hallucinogens . vomiting •Non. nausea. ativan.breathing or coma Tranquilizers .valium. haldol. increase heart rate • Increase depressions of CNS and respiratory. trilafon • Increase sedation and CNS depressant effects • Impairment of muscle coordination and judgment • No reported drug interaction but malnutrition is often noted Vitamins .Cannabis (marijuana).

family and community .Effects of alcoholism on individual.

What are the effects of alcoholism on individual? .

Effects of alcoholism • • • • Poor Health Worsened Illness Mental Illness Malnutrition Danielle .

An alcoholic individual: Has low self-esteem Cannot be trusted and become useless to community Loses jobs Cannot provide material and emotional needs of family Does not trust own family’s ability to help him Sees family and friends as enemies Loses respect from the community Distances self from all friends and families Danielle .

Family • • • • • Serious effects on children. wife and relatives Results violence on wife and children Divorce Abandonment of family Innocent members of the family are affected Nianna .

Community • • • • Accidents Crimes Violence Ability in work Nianna .

What is Alcoholism? .

usually to the detriment of the drinker's health. personal relationships. specifically an addictive illness. and social standing. It is medically considered a disease. and in psychiatry several other terms are used. and is generally used to mean compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages. specifically "alcohol abuse" and "alcohol dependence" Trisha .• Alcoholism is a broad term for problems with alcohol.

Seatwork .

A broad term for problems with alcohol. a) Cardiovascular system b) Skeletal system c) Urinary system d) Immune system .1. and is generally used to mean compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages. A system of biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. a) Alcoholism b) Alcohol c) Water d) Soft drinks 2.

a) Immune system b) Skeletal system c) Urinary system d) Reproductive system 4. muscles and nerves that create store and carry urine. tubes. a) Cardiovascular system b) Skeletal system c) Reproductive system d) Immune system . Consisting of organs. Organs and tissues involved in the production an maturation of gametes and in their union and subsequent development as offspring.3.

ranging in size from the very large leg bones to the tiny bones deep inside the ears. . Effects of alcoholism on family 10. Effects of alcoholism on individual 9.5. a) Skeletal system b) Reproductive system c) Urinary system d) Immune system 6-7: Effects of Alcohol with drugs 8. Consists of hundreds of bones. Effects of alcoholism on the community.

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