Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning

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Integrated Supply Planning Processes
Supply Planning consists of four primary planning and scheduling processes: Supply Planning Processes
1. Distribution Requirements Planning (DRP)
The quantity I need at each location by SKU by day [typically unconstrained requirements]

3. Master Production Scheduling (MPS) 2. Deployment Planning
The quantity I plan to move from location A to location B by SKU by day [constrained] The quantity I schedule to produce for each production line by SKU sequenced by day [constrained]
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The quantity I plan to produce at each facility by SKU by week [constrained]

4. Finite Scheduling

Module Overview: Topics

• • • • • •

Planning business issues Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning Plan types Implementation progression Planning business flow Planning data flow

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faster product life cycles with local market requirements Mergers and acquisitions. and unplanned events • Rationalize suppliers to minimize risk • Determine postponement strategies 4 . leaner supply networks.Business Trends Toward Demand-Driven Adaptive Planning EVOLVING CHALLENGES IMPACTS TO SUPPLY CHAIN Move from static demand planning to demand sensing and shaping • Capture demand signals more frequently and closer to the point of sale – drive to consensus demand number • Shape your demand with profitability and capacity as key drivers • Implement continuous and collaborative sales and operations planning process Older business models are challenged by decentralized global network model • • • • • New challenges and focus areas: Globalization and global sourcing. changing geo-political situations. and continued consolidation of suppliers and customers Increasing compliance requirements such as SarbanesOxley • Multi-tier decision support replaces enterprise plans • Materials and logistics are both primary constraints • Cross-enterprise synchronized view of demand signal encompassing both supply and demand visibility Focus on more frequent supply network flow analysis • Analyze optimal flows for market response. increased demand variability and cost volatility Increased customer expectations.

Demand-Driven Adaptive Planning • The demand driven company runs on real-time information. Sense Demand Shape Demand Respond to Demand 5 .

Disconnected Systems Cannot Enable DemandDriven Adaptive Planning • • • Maintain excess inventory Reserve production capacity Expedite everything! CUSTOMERS Supply chains built on Inventory SUPPLIERS Tier 2 Tier 1 Fax Paper Distribution plans Paper Production plans Manufacturing plans Marketing ? Sales Manufacturing Demand Planning Manual reconciliation of different numbers 6 Long planning cycles Supply Planning .

Demand-Driven Adaptive Planning Platform • • • • Real-time end demand visibility – Quickly sense and respond to demand changes Shape demand and align business plans quickly Manage your business with real-time sales and operations planning SUPPLIERS Monitor performance to drive continuous improvement CUSTOMERS Tier 2 Supply Chains built on Information Portal Marketing Automated Exceptions Tier 1 Portal Internet Single holistic plan Sales Demand hub & multidimensional analysis Manufacturing Real-Time S&OP Consensus demand and production plan Holistic Supply Planning Manufacturing Embedded Analytics 7 .

best-in-class e-business planning process platform Best in class Business Processes Supply Chain Risk Management Demand driven adaptive planning Sales and Operations Planning Operational Excellence Multi-Enterprise Collaboration Role-based Portals Network Design Integrated Planning Functions Demand Sensing And Shaping Postponement Optimization Holistic Supply Planning Promise. Distribute. and Replenish Preconfigured Worksheets & Workbenches Execute to plan Products SNO IO RT S&OP DM PTP ASCP PS GOP CP Platform WFL Connectors Common planning data model Embedded Analytics 8 .Oracle Advanced Planning Solution • Complete.

Oracle Advanced Planning Complete E-Business Planning Solution • Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning (ASCP) – Oracle Constraint Based Optimization (CBO) • Oracle Collaborative Planning (CP) • Oracle Demantra Demand Management (DM) – Oracle Demantra Advanced Forecasting and Demand Modeling (AFDM) – Oracle Demantra Real-Time Sales and Operations Planning (RTS&OP) • • • • Oracle Global Order Promising (GOP) Oracle Inventory Optimization (IO) Oracle Production Scheduling (PS) Oracle Strategic Network Optimization (SNO) 9 .

Integrated Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning E-Business Suite • • • • • • • • • • • • • Items and categories Bills of material Routings Resources Production and inventory costs Organizations Customers Calendars and shifts Units of measure WIP discrete jobs OPM process batches OPM complex routings and recipes OSFM lot-based jobs Advanced Planning Advanced Supply Chain Planning Demand forecast Constrained supply Order forecast Supply commit Safety stock Sourcing rules Planned orders Demand Management Real-Time Sales and Operations Planning Inventory Optimization Strategic Network Optimization Production Scheduling Global Order Promising Collaborative Planning Trade Promotion Planning 10 .

Purchasing Existing supply Inventory Optimization Safety stock demand Supply Chain Sourcing rules BIS Performance KPI targets Bills of Material ASCP Optimized plans Production capacity Product structure 11 .APS Business Flow: Plan Collaborative Planning Supplier capacity APS Source Order Management Sales demand Inventory WIP Demand Management Forecasted demand Customer demand forecast Shop Floor Mgt.

aggregate resources Bills of distribution and transfer rules Circular sourcing. processes. suppliers. facilities. resources. and ship methods End-item substitution Critical items and resources. load consolidation. network routings By-products and co-products Line rates and takt times Transportation Suppliers Transportation Transportation Distributors Customers Manufacturing 12 . allocation rules Include customer and supplier facilities • • • • • • • • • Manufacturing Planning Sequence dependent setups/changeovers Simultaneous resources Batch resources Alternate resources Minimum transfer quantities Complex.Advanced Supply Chain Planning • • • • • • • • Supply Chain and Distribution Planning Product family and item level planning Alternate components.

Start anywhere • Interactive what-if simulation • Cost-based optimization • Advanced decision rules • Transportation constraints • • • • • • Unconstrained MRP Planning Automate release processes Automate selection of alternates Collaborate with suppliers Constrained finite planning Multi-facility supply chain planning Eliminate spreadsheets • Material and capacity planning • Personalized exceptions and queries • Tailor workbench for individual users From less complex to best-in-class --> 13 .Advanced Supply Chain Planning • Evolve at your own pace to a best-in-class solution.

Topic Overview: Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning • Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning • Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning features 14 .

Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning Balanced supply and demand… …across the supply chain Respects constraints… …while meeting organizational objectives 15 .

Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning Features

• Optimization:
– iLOG solver and optimization technology automates decision making: — Optimizes plans to strategic objectives — Generates coordinated sourcing, production, and distribution plans for supply chain partners — Recommends alternate suppliers, components, routings, and resources – Incorporated with third-generation memory-based planning

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Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning Features

• Optimization objectives
– Maximize inventory turnover ratio – Maximize plan profit – Maximize on-time delivery

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Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning Features

• Planner Workbench:
– – – – Decision-support tool Flexible, intuitive, and easy to use interface Navigation paths to related information Designed to streamline common activities of planners

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plan options) – Use key performance indicators (KPIs) to evaluate alternate plans: — Inventory turnover — On-time delivery — Plan profit — Resource utilization – Graphical KPI display 19 .Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning Features • Simulation: – Quickly simulate plans with modified parameters (item simulation sets.

Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning Features • Integrated Performance Management: – Multiplan KPI comparisons – Multiplan exception comparisons – Integration with Oracle Workflow: — Notification and corrective action alerts 20 .

Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning Features • Supporting all manufacturing methods in mix mode: – – – – – Oracle Discrete Manufacturing Oracle Project Manufacturing Oracle Flow Manufacturing Oracle Process Manufacturing Oracle Shopfloor Management (OSFM) 21 .

Topic Overview: Plan Types • Unconstrained • Constrained – Enforce capacity constraints – Enforce demand due dates – Decision rules • Optimized 22 .

Unconstrained Balanced supply and demand… …across the supply chain 23 .

Constrained Balanced supply and demand… …across the supply chain Respects constraints… 24 .

Optimized Balanced supply and demand… …across the supply chain Respects constraints… …while meeting organizational objectives 25 .

Production Plan Class Example: Unconstrained Demand Production Demand Production 4 Demand Production Demand Machine constraint Labor constraint Production Demand 5 1 2 3 26 .

Production Demand Plan Type Example: Constrained Production Demand Production 4 Demand Production Demand Machine constraint Labor constraint Production Demand 5 1 2 3 27 .

Plan Type Example: Optimized with Maximum OnTime Delivery Overtime Labor constraint Machine constraint Production Production Production Production Demand Production Demand Demand Demand Demand 1 2 3 28 4 5 .

Plan Type Example: Optimized with Minimize Inventory Carrying Costs Labor constraint Machine constraint Production Production Production Demand Production Demand Demand Demand Demand Production 1 2 3 29 4 5 .

$2.00 Priority 2.00 Day 1 25 75 Day 2 25 75 Day 3 Day 4 Supply constraint Material capacity Resource capacity 50 60 50 60 50 60 50 60 30 . $1.Plan Type Scenario Planning Period Sales Orders Priority 1.

00 Supply constraint Material capacity Resource capacity Planned supply P1 Order.Unconstrained Planning Period Sales orders Priority 1. $2. $2. $1. $1.00 P2 Order.00 Priority 2.Plan Type Scenario .00 Day 1 25 75 Day 2 25 75 Day 3 Day 4 50 60 50 60 50 60 50 60 25 75 31 25 75 .

00 P2 Order.00 Priority 2. $1. $2.00 Day 1 25 75 Day 2 25 75 Day 3 Day 4 50 60 50 60 50 60 50 60 25 25 32 25 25 50 50 .Enforce demand due dates Planning Period Sales orders Priority 1. $1.Plan Type Scenario – Constrained . $2.00 Supply constraint Material capacity Resource capacity Planned supply P1 Order.

00 Priority 2. $1. $1.00 Day 1 25 75 Day 2 25 75 Day 3 Day 4 50 60 50 60 50 60 50 60 25 35 33 25 35 60 20 .Plan Type Scenario : Constrained .Enforce capacity constraints Planning Period Sales orders Priority 1.00 P2 Order. $2. $2.00 Supply constraint Material capacity Resource capacity Planned supply P1 Order.

00 Day 1 25 75 Day 2 25 75 Day 3 Day 4 50 60 50 60 50 60 50 60 50 50 34 50 50 .Plan Type Scenario : Optimized Planning Period Sales orders Priority 1. $2. $2. $1.00 P2 Order. $1.00 Priority 2.00 Supply constraint Material capacity Resource capacity Planned supply P1 Order.

Topic Overview: Implementation Progression • Implementation progression • Benefits of implementing in phases 35 .

Implementation Progression: Unconstrained • Create database links to establish communication • Set up collection programs • Run collection programs to copy supply chain models to the APS instance • Define supply chain plan names and plan options • Launch named supply chain plan 36 .

Benefits of Implementing in Phases • Fast Forward implementations of supply chain planning and constraint-based planning quickly begin return on investment • Analyze costs and benefits before committing to additional implementation phases • Realized benefits pay for advanced implementation phases 37 .

Topic Overview: Planning Business Flow • • • • • ASCP business flow ASCP business flow: Prepare ASCP business flow: Execute ASCP business flow: Analyze ASCP business flow: Implement 38 .

Execute Determine consensus forecast 3. Analyze Run production plan Analyze plan Adjust plan Simulate with revised constraints Collaborate on revised constraints 4.ASCP Business Flow 1. Prepare 2. Implement Implement revised constraints Release schedule 39 .

ASCP Business Flow: Prepare
1. Prepare

Determine consensus forecast

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ASCP Business Flow: Execute
2. Execute

Run production plan

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ASCP Business Flow: Analyze

3. Analyze

Analyze plan Adjust plan Simulate with revised constraints Collaborate on revised constraints

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ASCP Business Flow: Implement

4. Implement

Implement revised constraints Release schedule

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Topic Overview: Planning Data Flow

• Planning data flow

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Planning Data Flow

Transaction Data

Planning Data

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Planning Data Flow Transaction Data Planning Data Source Instance/Server Destination Instance/Server 46 .

Planning Data Flow Transaction Data Instance/Server Planning Data 47 .

Planning Data Flow Transaction data Data Collection Planning data Release Planned Orders/ Recommendations Collections Workbench Planner Workbench Launch Supply Chain Planning Process 48 .

65410 49 .

you should have learned how to: – Identify planning business issues – Describe outcomes of using Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning – Describe plan types – Describe implementation progression – Describe planning business flow – Describe planning data flow 50 .Summary • In this module.

Demand and Supply ASCP Fundamentals 51 .

you should be able to do the following: – – – – – Describe demand types Describe sales orders Describe forecast consumption Describe supply types Review demand and supply 52 .Objectives • After completing this module.

Independent Customer Order Forecast 53 .

Dependent Customer Order Subassemblies. Buy Components. Transfer Components Forecast Independent Demand Dependent Demand 54 .

Safety Stock: Inventory Optimization Fabrication plant Assembly plant Distribution centers Customers 55 .

Safety Stock: Inventory • • • • • • PERIODS Gross Requirements Scheduled Receipts Net Requirements Planned Order Due Projected Available 140 140 50 300 300 50 50 500 500 50 1 100 2 300 3 4 500 Manual Safety Stock = 50 Mean absolute deviation 56 .

Safety Stock: Planning • • • • • • PERIODS Gross Requirements Scheduled Receipts Net Requirements Planned Order Due Projected Available 157 157 67 367 367 134 134 450 450 84 1 100 2 300 3 4 500 Item attributes Safety Stock Bucket Days = 3 Safety Stock Percent = 50% 57 .

Topic Overview: Sales Orders • • • • • External and internal Plan to request/schedule/promise dates Sales order entry process Processing cycle Demand priority 58 .

External and Internal External Customer Distribution center Internal Distribution center Final assembly plant 59 Feeder plant .

Plan to Request/Schedule/Promise Dates 60 .

Sales Order Entry Process • Enter Sales order header information: – Customer name or number – Order type • Order line information: – Item – Quantity – Unit of Measure • Book the sales order • Schedule the sales order 61 .

Processing Cycle Enter Schedule Book Oracle Order Management Pick Release Ship Confirm Oracle Shipping Execution Oracle Receivables Invoice 62 .

Demand Priority Priority 1 Priority 2 63 .

Topic Overview: Forecast Consumption • • • • • • • • • • • Forecasts: Demand Planning Forecasts: Transaction Data Store Forecast consumption overview Consumption days Days Weeks Periods Multiple bucket types Forecast consumption flow options Forecast bucket consumption Demand classes 64 .

Forecasts: Demand Planning 65 .

Forecasts: Transaction Data 66 .

Forecasts: Transaction Data 67 .

Forecasts: Transaction Data 68 .

Forecast Consumption Overview Original forecast = Current forecast - Customer orders 69 .

Consumption Days Backward consumption limit day Forward consumption limit day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 July Sales Order #143 A Jul 8 120 70 .

3.40 71 . 4. 11. 12. 10. 15) 3 Original 20 2 20 1 20 4 20 Current 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 July 5 Sales Order #143 A Jul 8 120 Overconsumption entry in forecast set on July 8 for quantity . 2. 1) Forward consumption days = 5 from Day 8 (Days 9.Days Backward consumption days = 5 from Day 8 (Days 5.

MRP) 72 .Demand Classes DC = MO DC = MO DC = RT DC = RT DC = WS DC = WS Mail order forecast Mail order sales orders Retail forecast Retail sales orders Wholesale forecast Wholesale sales orders Material plan (MPP. MPS.

Demand Classes 73 .

On Hand 74 .

Scheduled Receipts • ITEM A 1 2 3 4 5 • • Gross Requirements Scheduled Receipts 80 110 80 110 200 110 200 110 200 75 .

Purchase Requisitions Buyer Manual Entry and Production Plan 76 .

Purchase Orders Buyer Supplier Receiving 77 .

Scheduled Receipts for Make Items Production Plan Planner Shop Floor Inventory 78 .

Summary • In this module. you should have learned how to: – – – – Describe demand types Describe sales orders Describe forecast consumption Describe supply types 79 .

Planning Information and Planner Workbench 80 .

Topic Overview: Planner Workbench • • • • • • Introduction Navigation window Planning analysis windows Owning organization Navigation tips Preferences and folders 81 .

Introduction • Planner Workbench uses • Windows 82 .

D 83 .D. Expand the „+‟ to get the list of Actions for this plan.

Summary • In this module. you should have learned how to: – – – – Describe planner workbench Describe how to research data for planning Describe planning results Describe planner strategies 84 .

Modeling the Supply Chain ASCP Fundamentals 85 .

you should be able to do the following: – – – – – – – – – View enterprise data View item data View material data View resource data View sourcing data View supplier data View calendar. lead time. and time fence data View transportation data Model the supply chain 86 .Objectives • After completing this module.

Overview Inventory Organizations Items Item attributes Org. assignment Cost Item costs Resource rates Accounts Order Mgt Customers Price lists Purchasing Supplier list Supplier capacity Delivery calendar Engineering BOM Departments Resources Routings and standards Supply Chain Shipping networks Sourcing rules Bills of distribution Assignment sets 87 .

Topic Overview: Enterprise • • • • • • Instances Operating units Organizations Subinventories and locators Setting up organizations Organizations and subinventories 88 .

Instances Single Instance R12 D1 Singapore Planning D2 Miami S1 Chicago 89 .

R12 APS Instance R11 Instance AAA AAA:D1 AAA:D2 D1 Singapore R11i Instance CCC Database links D2 Miami S1 Chicago Database links CCC:S1 90 .Instances • You can launch a supply chain plan to plan organizations regardless of the instances that they are in.

Chicago Inventory Organization M2. Operating Unit Item Master V1. Boston 91 . Vision Inventory Organization S1.Operating Units • You can launch a supply chain plan to plan organizations regardless of the operating units or sets of books that they are tied to.

Organizations Distribution center Final assembly plant Feeder plant Distribution center 92 .

Organization Security 93 .

Subinventories and Locators • Subinventories • Locators 94 .

Setting Up Organizations • Organization window • Organization Parameters window • Subinventories window 95 .

Organizations and Subinventories • While setting up organizations and subinventories. not by subinventory – Global Order Promising calculates availability at the organization level – Order Management designates one organization for item validation across the operating unit 96 . consider: – Inventory transactions occur in subinventories – ASCP does not plan subinventory transfers – Inventory Optimization does not calculate safety stock at the subinventory level – Demand Planning forecasts by organization.

Topic Overview: Items • • • • • Items Item attributes Organization item Order modifiers Item attribute mass maintenance 97 .

Items Items Distribution Production 98 .

Item Attributes 99 .

Item Attributes for Planning • • Main Tab – Unit of Measure • • Physical Attributes – Weights and measures Inventory Tab – Inventory Item – Stockable – Transactable Work In Process Tab – Build in WIP checkbox – Supply Type • Order Management – Customer Orders Enabled – Internal Orders Enabled – Check ATP • Bills of Material Tab – BOM Allowed – BOM Item Type • Purchasing Tab – Purchasable – Use Approved Supplier 100 .

Item Attributes for Planning • General Planning Tab: – – – – Make or Buy Safety Stock Method Order modifiers (lot-sizing rules) Planner Code 101 .

Item Attributes for Planning • MPS/MRP Planning Tab – – – – – Planning Method Forecast Control Pegging Exception Set Time Fences 102 .

Plan Type and Planning Method Attribute • • • MPP Planned MPS/MPP Planned MRP/MPP Planned MPP MPS • • MPS Planning MPS/MPP Planning MRP • • • MRP Planning MRP/MPP Planned All planned items IP • MRP Planning 103 .

Critical Components 104 .

Boston 105 .Organization Item Operating Unit Item Master V1. Chicago Inventory Organization M2. Vision Inventory Organization S1.

Order Modifiers Sold in pallets of 100 Net requirement Planned order Item A = 72 Item A = 100 106 .

— Group and save item attribute changes as a Simulation Set. 107 . — Maintain Simulation Sets independently. – Create multiple versions of item attributes for simulation purposes.Item Attribute Mass Maintenance • Planning item attribute values can be modified in the planning server. – Selectively update one or more of the item planning attributes. – Use query criteria to select the items for which planning attributes need to be updated. – Link a Simulation Set to a plan in the Plan Options.

• When running a plan. these changes overwrite the collected data values for that specific simulation plan.Item Attribute Mass Maintenance • The Simulation Set only holds the changes for the collected planning item attributes. 108 . Oracle ERP source data Simulation Sets Collected data Plans Advanced Planning – Note: The collected data itself does not change. Update the source data if a permanent change is required.

– Base the Query on original values or updated values. – Restore original values. • Modify the values of attributes: – Directly set a new value.Item Attribute Mass Maintenance • Use the “Query” feature to retrieve items for updates: – Query and display the items included or not included in the simulation set. – Increase and decrease original values. – Save the Query as a folder for later retrieval. 109 . • Use the “Select all” feature to select all displayed records for mass updates.

Item Attribute Mass Maintenance Benefits • Improve simulation capability. – Rapidly correct or change item attributes without recollecting data. • Update planning specific attributes that are not available in ERP such as: – Minimum Remaining Shelf Life (Days) 110 . each with its own set of item attributes. – Modify item attributes to perform what-if analysis. – Multiple simulation scenarios can be created. • Reduce Planning cycle time.

Item Attributes Supported for All ASCP Plans – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Critical Component Preprocessing Lead Time Processing Lead Time Post processing Lead Time Fixed Lead Time Variable Lead Time Fixed Order Quantity Fixed Days Supply Shrinkage Rate Fixed Lot Multiple Minimum Order Quantity Maximum Order Quantity Service Level Carrying Cost Demand Time Fence Days 111 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Forecast Control Planning Time Fence Days Standard Cost Net Selling Price PIP Flag Selling Price Substitution Window Safety Stock Days Unit Weight Unit Volume Safety Stock Method Safety Stock Percent ABC Class Planning Method Minimum Remaining Shelf Life .

Item Attributes Supported for DRP Plans Only – – – – – DRP Planned Max Inventory Days of Supply Max Inventory Window Target Inventory Days of Supply Target Inventory Window 112 .

Topic Overview: Material • Bills of material • Indented bills of material • Alternate bills of material 113 .

Bills of Material A B C D 114 E .

Indented Bills of Material • Seattle Manufacturing. S1 • SB41202 • CM41301 • SB41302 – CM41401 – CM41402 • CM41303 SC94043 SC94043 – MC41204 — – MC41205 — SC94043 – SB41202 115 . M1: • AS41001 • CM86234 • CM41102 • SB41101 – CM41201 – MC41203 — • Chicago Subassembly.

Alternate Bills of Material A B C D 116 X .

Topic Overview: Resource I • • • • • • • • • Workday calendar. work patterns. and shifts Defining work hours for a work shift Departments and resources Routings Modeling resource constraints Non critical patch resources Sequential resources Overlapping resources Simultaneous resources 117 .

Topic Overview: Resource II • • • • • • • • • Alternate resources Scheduling time window width for alternate resource Resource selection dependency Multiple resource scheduling One resource to one unit at a time Batch resources Minimum transfer quantity Modeling production resource capacity Multiresource scheduling 118 .

Workday Calendar. and Shifts 119 . Work Patterns.

Defining Work Hours for a Work Shift • • • • • Define work calendar Attach work calendar to organization Define shift name. attached to calendar Define workday pattern for the shift name Define work shift hours for the shift name 120 .

Departments and Resources • Define resources • Define departments • Assign resources to departments 121 .

Routings Bill Parent AS41001 Work order SB41101 CM41102 CM86234 Components AS41001 Packaged PDA Routing Operation 10 Dept: Assembly Resource: Assembly Labor Resource: Tool kit Material: Operation 20 Dept: Shipping Resource: Warehouse Labor Resource: Forklift Material: SB41101 PDA Asm CM41102 Stylus CM86234 Packaging 122 .

Modeling Resource Constraints • Operation Resource Schedule: – – – – Yes No Prior Next 123 .

Non Critical Path Resources • Machine paced operation: – Drill: Schedule = Yes – Machinist: Schedule = No • Only the machine time is scheduled Drill 124 .

Sequential Resources • Operation 10: Finishing – Sander. Schedule = Yes – Paint sprayer. Schedule = Yes • Usage time is scheduled consecutively Sander Paint Sprayer 125 .

Overlapping Resources • Operation 10: Finishing – Sander: Schedule = Yes – Paint Sprayer: Schedule = Prior Offset 30% • Resources are consumed during an overlapping time period. Sander 30% Offset Paint Sprayer 126 .

Simultaneous Resources • Resources are scheduled for the same time period • Primary resource group: Direct labor Hammer Chisel 127 .

Alternate Resources • Replacement resource group Direct labor Hammer Rock Chisel 128 .

Scheduling Time Window Width for Alternate Resource • MSO: Schedule Window Width • Time period that you are willing to wait for the primary resource to become available Alternate Resource (available) Primary Resource (not available) Window 129 .

Resource Selection Dependency Operation 10 Setup (Primary Resource) Operation 10 Run (Primary Resource) OR Operation 10 Setup (Alternate Resource) Operation 10 Run (Alternate Resource) 130 .

Multiple Resource Scheduling • Task duration inversely proportional to number of resources applied – Assigned units – Maximum available resource units 131 .

One Resource to One Unit at a Time • Round Order Quantities checkbox = selected: – Operation can not work on a fractional unit – Operation time can not be reduced by increasing the number of resources applied 132 .

Batch Resources • Critical issues for scheduling batch operations are: – – – – Grouping items for scheduling Constraining resources along multiple dimensions Honoring minimum and maximum batch sizes Delaying or building in advance to make up a batch 133 .

Batch Resources • Batching window • Minimum and maximum batch capacity • Batchable unit of measure 134 .

Minimum Transfer Quantity Operation 10 Minimum transfer quantity Operation 20 135 .

Modeling Production Resource Capacity • Define work time available • Define production resources available • Use efficiency and utilization factors to modify capacity 136 .

Multiresource Scheduling Processing Resources Operation Duration 137 .

Topic Overview: Sourcing I • • • • • • • • • • Modeling the supply chain Virtual enterprise structure Supply chain structure Modeling shipments between organizations Modeling shipments between organizations and external sites Supply chain links Sourcing rules Allocating demand to suppliers Sourcing splits Allocation rules 138 .

Topic Overview: Sourcing II • Bills of distribution • Assignment sets • Sourcing assignment hierarchy 139 .

Modeling the Supply Chain Suppliers Manufacturing Distribution Consumers Internet-based supply chain collaboration 140 .

Boston 141 . Chicago Inventory Organization M2. Vision Inventory Organization S1.Virtual Enterprise Structure Suppliers’ Suppliers Suppliers Operating Unit Customers Consumers Item Master V1.

M2 Chicago. M1 Manufacturing Plants Boston.Supply Chain Structure Singapore. D2 Seattle. S1 Subassembly Plant Allied Suppliers Advantage 142 . D1 Distribution Centers Miami.

Modeling Shipments Between Organizations • Shipping methods • Shipping networks 143 .

Modeling Shipments Between Organizations and External Sites • Inter-location transit time • Inter-location transit capacity 144 .

Supply Chain Links • Sourcing rules • Bills of distribution • Assignment sets 145 .

to relationships Make at Rank 1 100% Boston.Sourcing Rules • Simple from . S1 Buy from Rank 2 40% Acme 146 . M2 Transfer from Rank 2 60% Chicago.

Allocating Demand to Suppliers Supply 60% 40% 147 .

Sourcing Splits Buy from Transfer from 148 .

Allocation Rules • The total allocation percentage for all sources within a rank must be 100% • The planning engine sources with the highest rank have the highest priority in allocation • Optimization sources with the lowest penalty adjusted cost have the highest priority in allocation 149 .

Bills of Distribution • Model relationships that would otherwise require multiple sourcing rules to describe SR3 SR1 SR4 SR3 SR2 150 .

Assignment Sets • • • • • • ASCP Plan: XYZ Assignment Set: ASN-S1 Item: CM41401 Organization: S1 Sourcing Rule: SR-S1 Supplier: Acme CM41401 Acme Chicago. S1 151 .

organization Item .Sourcing Assignment Hierarchy Global General Organization Item Category Item Item Category .organization Specific 152 .

Topic Overview: Suppliers • • • • • • Approved supplier list Approved supplier list functions Enhanced sourcing Supplier sourcing setup Supplier-item attributes Supplier capacity 153 .

Approved Supplier List Commodity Approved Supplier List Items Ship-To Organization or Global Organizations Supplier Site 154 .

and item-specific: – Lead times – Delivery calendars – Order modifiers Supplier-Item specific processing lead time Planned order release Supply due date Valid delivery calendar date Demand need date 155 .Approved Supplier List Function Demand need date • Traditional MRP functionality: • Align – due date with – date of need Item average processing lead time Planned order release Supply due date • Approved supplier list functionality: • Supplier.

Enhanced Sourcing • Based on capacity constraints • Use flexible tolerance fences to model supplier capacity constraints that can change with advance notice 156 .

Enhanced Sourcing • Based on historical allocations • Disable ASL entries 157 .

Supplier Sourcing Setup

• Define approved suppliers • Define receiving calendar • Assign supplier-item attributes
– Delivery calendar – Order processing lead time and quantity modifiers – Supplier capacity and tolerance

• Define sourcing rules and bills of distribution • Specify the assignment set

158

Supplier-Item Attributes

• • • •

Delivery calendar Processing lead time Order modifiers Supplier flexible capacity tolerance fences

159

Supplier Capacity

Required

Available Required

Available

Required Available

Balanced

Underloaded

Overloaded

160

Topic Overview: Lead Times and Time Fences • • • • Lead times Lead times in requirements explosion Cumulative lead time Time fences 161 .

Lead Times • • • • • • • Preprocessing Processing Post processing Fixed Variable In-transit Lead time lot size 162 .

Lead Time Offset • Total lead time: – Preprocessing – Processing – Post processing • Cumulative manufacturing lead time • Cumulative total lead time • User-defined lead time 163 .

Time Fences • Time fences should be set to the lowest values that are practical. • Planning • Demand • Release 164 .

Topic Overview: Transportation • • • • Shipping methods Shipping network Transit times Zones and regions 165 .

Shipping Methods 166 .

M2 Chicago. D1 Miami. D2 Distribution Centers Seattle. M1 Manufacturing Plants Boston.Shipping Network Customers Singapore. S1 Subassembly Plants Suppliers 167 .

Transit Times • Inventory organizations • External site and inventory organization • Ship method 168 .

Zones and Regions 169 .

lead time.Summary • In this module. and time fence data • View transportation data 170 . you should have learned how to: • View enterprise data • View item data • View material data • View resource data • View sourcing data • View supplier data • View calendar.

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