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Objectives
 Define problem based learning (PBL).
 Discuss the purposes of using (PBL).  Explain the advantages & disadvantages of PBL.  Discuss the steps of PBL.

.What is Problem Based Learning (PBL)? With PBL. your learning becomes active in the sense that you discover and work with content that you determine to be necessary to solve the problem. not lectures or assignments or exercises. Since you are not handed "content". your teacher presents you with a problem.

” Boud (1985) .“The principal idea behind PBL is that the starting point for learning should be a problem. or a puzzle that the learner wishes to solve. a query.

Definitions of PBL It is an educational method characterized by the use of patient problems as a context for students to learn problem-solving skills and acquire knowledge about the basic and clinical sciences“. 1993). . (Albanese. Mitchell.

Problems are presented with further information. . they discuss possible mechanisms and causes.g. and. a patient with chest pain). in a series of steps. They are presented with a clinical problem (e. develop hypotheses and strategies to test the hypotheses. students usually meet in small groups two or three times a week for PBL tutorials. and use this new information to refine their hypotheses. finally reaching a conclusion.

Why using PBL? .

Learners are responsible for their own learning .

Acquiring subject matter knowledge 2. information seeking skills and presentation skills . Helping student retention 4. Motivating students to learn 3.g.Purpose of using Problem based learning is to 1. Developing students thinking skills 5. interpersonal communication skills. Developing students key skills relevant to employment e.

Facilitating students learning how to learn 9.Encouraging students to integrate knowledge from different subjects. Linking theory and practice . Mirroring the interdisciplinary team process graduates will be using in work and research 8. Fostering professional competence and confidence together with professional identity 7.6. disciplines and sources 10.

Producing graduates that can hit the floor running at work after graduation. The learning environment is real and more challenging and more humane 14. Having fun . Responding to research evidence on the benefits of PBL 15. 13. 16.11. 12. Increasing competitiveness in the higher education market . . Having a sense of belonging and friendship.

PBL challenges students to learn to learn.The principal idea behind PBL is? A. B. Think/ pair/ share . C. Learning is initiated by a problem. Students work in permanent groups.

Johnson. High cost. Stressful for students and tutors 4. Students may acquire less knowledge of basic sciences (Finucane. 1998) . Staff time demanding with small group of students 3. both to start up and maintenance 2. and Prideaux.Disadvantages 1.

How can you learn by PBL approach? .

List "What do we know?“ 3. List actions to be taken with a timeline 6. and write out. List out possible solutions 5. . 4. Explore the issues 2. and submit it.Steps of PBL 1. Write up your solution with its supporting documentation. List "What do we need to know?" 7. the problem statement in your own words. Develop.

.  Students will have to gather information and learn new concepts. or skills as they engage in the problemsolving process. principles.  Discuss the problem statement and list its significant parts.Explore the issues  The teacher introduces an "ill-structured" problem to students.  Students may feel that they don't know enough to solve the problem but that is the challenge.1.

Consider or note everyone's input.2.List "What do we know?“ What do students know to solve the problem? This includes both what students actually know and what strengths and capabilities each team member has. no matter how strange it may appear: it could hold a possibility! .

 A problem statement should come from your/the group's analysis of what you know.Develop. the problem statement in your own words. but is a good idea) . You will need:  A written statement  The agreement of your group on the statement  Feedback on this statement from your instructor. and what you will need to know to solve it. (This may be optional. and write out.3.

then order them from strongest to weakest Choose the best one. List out possible solutions  List them all.4. or most likely to succeed .

5. List actions to be taken with a timeline  What do we have to know and do to solve the problem?  How do we rank these possibilities?  How do these relate to our list of solutions? Do we agree? .

You will need information to fill in missing gaps. especially deadlines  If your research supports your solution.  Discuss possible resources as experts. etc. and if there is general agreement. If not.  Assign and schedule research tasks.6. web sites. books. List "What do we need to know?"  Research the knowledge and data that will support your solution. go to (4) . go to (7).

and submit it. but the foundation upon which they rest. Write up your solution with its supporting documentation. .  Presenting and defending your conclusions: The goal is to present not only your conclusions.7.

7. acknowledge it and refer it for more consideration . Bring others to your side. as you have learned  If challenged and you have an answer. and difficulties encountered  Convince.Write up your solution Prepare to: State clearly both the problem and your conclusion  Summarize the process you used. not overpower. options considered. present it clearly and you don't have an answer. or to consider without prejudice your supporting documentation and reason  Help others learn.

com/watch?v=LMCZvGesRz .youtube. PBL  http://www.