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Food security
Food Security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life

• A nation is considered food secure when a sufficient, stable and safe supply of food is available to satisfy basic needs and market demand. • A household is considered food secure when it can produce or obtain sufficient food to meet all of its members’ nutrition needs.

Food insecurity

Food insecurity exists when people do not have physical or economic access to food as defined above

Pillars of Food Security AVAILABILITY ACCESS UTILIZATION .

HOW WE CAN MAINTAIN FOOD AVAILABILITY By Increased Food production Food processing and improving shelf stability Trade – Imports & exports Stockpiling of food.AVAILABILITY Food availability is achieved when sufficient quantities of food are consistently available to all individuals. insuring the availability during need .

.ACCESS When a household and all members of the household have enough physical and economic resources to acquire food meeting the nutritional requirements and dietary needs of the household. HOW WE INCORPORATE ACCESS TO FOOD Marketing products Transporting products to needed areas Focusing Purchasing power/Income of consumer Providing access to nutritious food.

UTILIZATION Food is properly used through appropriate food processing and storage practices. and adequate health and sanitation services HOW WE CAN ENHANCE FOOD UTILIZATION Develop Nutritious food choices Incorporate Food safety and quality principles Reduce post harvest losses Targeting consumers Process modifications. . adequate knowledge and application of nutrition and child care.

Processed & semi‐processed foods now make up the majority of agri‐food trade by value. transport capacity & technology. changing consumer tastes &purchasing power • Over last about 30 years. hence derived increased responsibility of food producers • Developing countries are making an ever greater contribution to global food trade: a significant proportion of their economic & social development is dependent on it .Global agriculture food supply &Food security • Global agriculture‐food supply & demand is increasingly driven by economic development. enhancements in food production. the total global food trade increased > 20‐fold ‐ from US$ 22 billion in 1963 to US$ 500 billion in 2006.

market losses.Globalization & Food Safety • Establishment of WTO ‐ Dismantling of barriers for free flow of trade ‐ global market .new hazard. innovations • Rapid spread of contaminants/hazards • Hazards associated with food enter food chain -consequences Risks to human Health Economic impact (product destruction. etc) .

Food Safety .

Background Global Influences for food safety patterns Changes in production & consumption new technologies Innovations in food industries. .

eg dioxins  Food allergens  Labelling & claims .Major Food Safety Concerns  Residues & contaminants . toxins. melamine  Pathogens & spoilage micro‐organisms  Zoonotic diseases  GMO issues  Irradiation issues  Physical contaminants .pesticides. cleaning chemicals. grit.incorrect. vet drugs. adulterants. vermin faeces /body parts  Persistent organic pollutants .glass/ metallic pieces. BB date . heavy metals. food additives.

Global Food Crisis .

http://www.org/infographics/pdf/FAO-infographic-SOFI-2012-en.pdf .fao.

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or one in eight.Nearly 870 million people. according to the new UN hunger report. . were suffering from chronic undernourishment in 2010-2012.

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LOSS OF FARMLANDS .

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FOOD SITUATION IN PAKISTAN .

• Introduction Pakistan is a low income developing country. Agriculture is its most important sector due to its primary commitment of providing healthy food to her fast growing population. the population is expected to get doubled by 2050— making Pakistan 4th largest nation by 2050 from current status of 6th most populous state of the world (Government of Pakistan. Although the rate of population increase has considerably slowed down from over 3% in 1980s to 2. With the current rate of population growth. . it is still considered high1. 2010).09% in 2009-10.

. has increased by five-fold—the country is still marginal importer of wheat.As regards the land resources in Pakistan. Tremendous efforts are needed to narrow the gap between population growth and domestic food production. Despite that wheat production—a major food crop. the total cultivated area has increased by just 40% during past 60 years. while there was more than 4 times increase in population with urban expansion of over seven-fold—resulting into mega-cities2 as well as rising population pressure on cultivated land.

market infrastructure has a much more role to play. . the government has had to import significant quantities of food items to meet the shortages. storage and distribution though at a very high cost.• Pakistan has faced severe floods during 1973. 2000. 1992 and 2010 and droughts in 1998. • In order to meet the shortages in deficit/urban areas and save consumers from high food prices. and 2001. • At times. the government has been actively pursuing the policies of support/procurement prices. Therefore. Fluctuations/shortages in food grains production have therefore been very common in Pakistan.

THREATS IN PAKISTAN TO FOOD INDUSTRY Lack of Standards Lack of Marketing Energy Crises Post harvest Losses FOOD INDUSTRY Lack of Skilled Employees Lack of planning by Government Lack of Research Poor Buying power of people Disasters and conflicts .

Some obvious causes are: • Extreme weather events destroying produce • Natural Disasters • Violent conflict • High or volatile fuel prices also contribute to increasing food prices .Why are food prices rising? There are many reasons why food prices increase.

such as flooding in Pakistan .Extreme weather events destroying produce.

7 percent) • Balochistan (61.2 percent) • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) (56. • Dera Bugti in Balochistan has the highest percentage of food insecure people (82.Inter and intra provincial disparities exist in terms of food security • FATA has the highest percentage of food insecure population (67.6 percent) is in Islamabad.4 percent) .2 percent) • The lowest percentage of food insecure population (23.

UTILIZATION STABILITY . Marketability & service) VALUE ADDITION (Raw material. Preservation. The EPB and SMEDA should be staffed with Experienced Food Scientists. Safety and quality) INOVATION (Production. and Existing products) FOOD SECURTY NUTRITION KEEPING (Monitoring the processing. Energy & Productivity) GOVERNMENT ACTION PLAN Facilitating then regulatory.FOOD INDUSTRIES IS ONE OF THE KEY ELEMENT TO CONTROL FOOD INSECURITY INPUTS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT (Cost. Fortification & Enrichment) Hiring and Generating out jobs for Empowering Human Resources Increase Funding in HR development for Food Industry. packaging. and monitoring tools should be servise oriented FOOD INDUSTRIES OUT PUTS AVAILABILITY ASSESS PROCESS IMPROVEMENT (Product line. decrease gap between Universities and Industry. Storage.

FAO .

NARC/PARC .

FARMER INTERVIEW .

SHOP-KEPERS OPINION .

PUBLIC OPINION .

Solution 1 Reduce Post Harvest Losses 81 .

Solution 2 Reduce Energy Consumption, Try alternates…

82

Solution 3 Follow International Standards

Solution 4 Add value to local produce

Solution 5 Train and Hire Skilled Staff

Solution 6 Continuous improvement is a key to Lead .

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION .