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PAPER NAME:STUDY OF DESIGN OF SINGLE PHASE INVERTER FOR SOLAR HOME LIGHTING SYSTEM

SHRIPAD KAMALAKAR KSHEERSAGAR ASHUTOSH W WERULKAR DR.P.S.KULKARNI Dept. of Electrical Engineering,VNIT,Nagpur

OUTLINE
 Introduction  Aims and Objectives

 Standalone Solar Photovoltaic system
 CIRCUIT DESIGN  Circuit Description  Applications

 Conclusions and future scope
 References

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March 13

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES


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The aims and objectives of the present work are as underTo develop a single phase inverter for solar home lighting system purchased for the Department of Electrical Engineering, VNIT, Nagpur. To verify the working of the inverter by connecting CFLs as load. To observe the output voltage waveform under various load conditions. To find the efficiency of the inverter and plot the output vs efficiency curve. March 13 To find the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of the

Motivation
Emerging Renewable Energy Technology Keeping in view power crises in the India, everyone is keen to adopt it. Nagpur is going to be solar city in future. (MNRE) Immediate return and cost saving technology over life.(Life Cycle Cost Saving) Easy to adopt with less efforts No INVERTER is purchased for Dept.Solar PV system. March 13

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India’s Energy Balance March 13 5 .

sun The stand-alone Street Light system CFL From The PV Panel To the load (CFL) Charge controller INVERTER STORAGE BATTERY 12V 6 March 13 .

) DC Fan Volts – 12 V DC.14 W 7 March 13 . Dept.SPV based Home lighting System (Electrical Engg.

14 W Compact Florescent Lamps Volts – 12 V DC. Solar PV Charge Controller:-Max. Load current .Rating of Solar Home Light System:1. 4.12 V -Fuse .5A -Nominal voltage .5 A -Max. 5. 2.5A DC Fan:Volts – 12 V DC. Solar Photovoltaic Panel 12V. charging current . 2 No.45 Ah 3.s March 13 8 .37Wp Battery:Low maintenance battery 12V.9 W.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF INVERTER DESIGN  Block diagram consists of solar panel. inverter transformer and power amplifier .oscillator-cum-divider. Solar charge controller prevents over charging and deep discharging of battery. driver. battery . 9 March 13 . solar charge controller.  The battery is charged through the PV module through solar charge controller.

SOLAR PANEL SOLAR CHARGE CONTROL LER BATTERY POWER SUPPLY OSCILLATOR CUM DEVIDER DRIVER CIRCUIT POWER AMPLIFIER INVERTER TRANSFORMER LOAD 10 March 13 March 13 10 .

DESIGN OF INVERTER 11 March 13 .

LED1 glows to indicate the wrong polarity.The output of IC 7805 is fed to the oscillator-cum-divider. while sensing voltage is applied to its negative input. Fixed reference voltage of 5. 12 March 13 .1V is applied to the positive input.  For indication of low battery level. The terminals of the battery should be connected properly. (Refer Figure ). reaches regulator IC 7805. the LED3 glows to indicate power ‘ON’ and 12 V d.  If the switch S is closed.If the reverse situation occurs.EXPLANATION  The battery is charged through solar module and is connected to the circuit.c. a dual operational amplifier IC LM358 has been used.

IC 7473 acts as a J-K flipflop.CONTD.e. at pin 5 of IC 7473 which produces 50 Hz square wave output at pins 8 and 9 of IC 7473.  f=100 Hz is produced at pin 3 i.  If flips to one state when triggered and flops to other state when it is triggered . 13 March 13 .  IC 7473 acts as a bistable multivibrator which only change the states when a trigger pulse is applied.

 Another output at pin 9 is coupled to the base of T2 through diode D2 via other series limiting resistance. 14 March 13 .A.  The transistors T1 and T2 are acting as a MOSFET drivers.DRIVER CIRCUIT  One of the outputs of IC 7473 is coupled to the base of T1 through diode D1 via series limiting resistance. When T1 conducts T2 is in cut off and vice versa.

 When T2 conducts corresponding MOSFETs (F4 through F6)remains cut off while voltage of collector of T1 is at 5V.  The collector of transistor T2 is connected to the MOSFETs(F4 THROUGH F6)which are connected in parallel on a heat sink. 15 March 13 . POWER OUTPUT STAGE  The collector of transistor T1 is connected to the MOSFETs(F1 THROUGH F3)which are connected in parallel on a heat sink.Hence current flows through half of the inverter transformer primary.  When T1 conducts corresponding MOSFETs (F1 through F3)remains cut off while voltage of collector of T2 is at 5V.B.Hence current flows through half of the inverter transformer primary.

16 March 13 . POWER AMPLIFER  The power amplifier consists of two set of MOSFETs connected in parallel for high current operation of inverter.C.

f=100Hz.f=50 Hz  Output across the secondary side of transformer Vrms=240 V.f=50Hz  Output at pin 9 of IC 7473=5V.RESULTS  Output at pin 3 of LM555= 5V peak to peak.f=50 Hz 17 March 13 .f=50Hz  Output at the collector of T1=5V.  Output at pin 8 of IC 7473=5V.f=50 Hz  Output at the collector of T2=5V.

3 of LM555 18 March 13 .Voltage at pin no.

Voltage Waveform at Pin 8 of IC7473 19 March 13 .

Voltage Waveform at Pin 9 of IC7473 20 March 13 .

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Modeling and Simulation of Sine Wave Inverter using Pspice Software:- 29 March 13 .

For Load of 34W(5W+11W+18W CFLs) Figure -Output voltage of Sine wave inverter with a load of 34W 30 March 13 .

Figure :-Time response of RMS value of the output voltage of the inverter 31 March 13 .

Instantaneous Output current 32 March 13 .Figure :.

Figure :-Time response of RMS Output current 33 March 13 .

Figure :.Output power of the inverter 34 March 13 .

PLOT OF „ P Vs EFFICIENCY‟ 35 March 13 .

PLOT OF ‘ P Vs EFFICIENCY’(From Readings) 36 March 13 .

 The THD (Total Harmonic Distortion) is calculated by using the formula 37 March 13 .CONCLUSIONS  The efficiency of the inverter is calculated by considering different loads.  The loads used are CFL and Bulb.  The respective table shows the variation of terminal voltage and efficiency under different loads.The efficiency of the inverter is calculated by η = Pac / Pdc The efficiency of the circuit varies between 75% to 88 %.

38 March 13 .  The THD (Total Harmonic Distortion) is calculated by using the formula  n 2  Vn V1 2 The average THD IS 45%.CONTD.  b) The filter is recommended at the output of transformer .

FUTURE SCOPE  The results obtained in the project should be verified by proper designing of the transformer.  The inverter should be designed with DC-DC Converter as a charge regulator. 39 March 13 .

John Wiley and Sons Ltd.TMH.1999 Luis Castaner and Santiago Silvestre.2002 Mohan.REFERENCES      S. 40 March 13 ..Academic Press. 2nd Edition.H. Ltd.“Modelling of Photovoltaic Systems using Pspice”. M.Undeland and Robbins “Power Electronics”. Tomas Markwart.2004 Chetan Singh Solanki “Solar Photovoltaics Fundamentals. .P. “Solar Electricity” John Wiley and Sons Ltd.2009.Ed.PHI Learning Private Limited.K.Nayak “Solar Energy-Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage”.New Delhi.John Willey and Sons.Rashid “Power Electronics Handbook”. Technologies and Applications‟.2004    Roger Messenger and Jerry Ventre “Photovoltaic Systems Engineering” CRC Press.pp 539-573.2008 Gilbert M.Sukhatme and J. 3rd Edition.Masters. Stanford University “Renewable and Efficient Electric power System”..3rd Edition.John wiley and Sons Enhanced 3rd Edition..

pp. 13.”Development of simple PWM inverter using photovoltaic cells”.21 st annual IEEE.297300.”IEEE Conference POWERENG 2009. International Journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (Elseveir Publication). www. 163-167.pp. Soib Taib.923-928. India”.B S R Iyengar . “A case study of Solar Photovoltaic Power System at Sagardeep Island.Malaysia. Kulkarni. Moharil and P. Vol.1990.pp.efymag.Awais Amin. 2009..REFERENCES Publication on Standalone Photovoltaic Systems: R.2002 student conference on Research and Development Proceedings. A Ali Qazalbash. 673681.Abdual Manan & Mahveen Kalid.PESC 90 Record.    S R Narayana Prakash.Power electronics specialists conference.”A new sinewavv inverter with high frequency link and synchronous rectification using power MOSFETs”.Shah alam.pp.”Design and implementation of microcontroller based PWM technique for sine wave inverter.Yusmin Sutanto and Abd Rahim Abd Razak. S. M.com March 13  41 .

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