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A Brief Introduction of China’s ATM System Development Vision and Current Improvement Programmes GANIS ICAO HQ 2011

Li Xin Science & Technology Committee Office, ATMB,CAAC
Air Traffic Management Bureau

 A brief introduction of China ATM system  The vision of future: China New Generation ATM System  Near-term improvements and programmes


General Information of China ATM System

Air Traffic Management Bureau

Overview of China ATM System  China‟s ATM system is running by Air Traffic Management Bureau of Civil Aviation Administration of China  Nearly 20000 employee including 5000 controllers CAAC ATMB 7 REGIONAL ATMBs 23 ATM Sub-Bureaus 14 ATM Stations 4 .

000 km2  11 FIRs including HK& TAIPEI  18 upper control areas  28 medium/low level control areas  31 APPs 5 .Airspace  Total Area: 10.810.

5 million and over 90% is demotic traffic  The proportion of international traffic will increase  Very congested in eastern China  Nearly 40% of traffic distribute in Bohai Bay.Traffic Volume and Flows  Traffic volume in 2010:5. PRD and YRD.  Traffic in Southwest China is expected to grow rapidly in future  China is involved in most of the major traffic flows of APAC region 6 .

VHF  MET network all over the country provides timely weather report and meteorological information.ATM Infrastructure  The eastern area and developed western area of China has covered by modernized CNS infrastructure. accurate and complete aeronautical information and service products. RADAR7 . VOR/DME  Matured AIS system provides aviation users with timely.

Vision of Future China New Generation ATM System 中国民航空中交通管理局 Air Traffic Management Bureau 8 .

the air transportation volume in China maintained a growth of 15%.  By 2030. China aviation transportation volume ranks No. 2 and kept a excellent record of safety.the volume of passengers is expected to exceed 1billion Year 2000 Airports 121 Fleet 527 Passenger 67M 2005 2010 2015 142 175 >230 863 1597 >2750 138M 268M >450M 9 .Rapid Growing Demand  In the past decade.  Today.

 Insufficient ground infrastructure in highland and mountain areas of western China.  Nation-wide ATFM system is to be setup. 10 .Challenges  As the traffic growth rapidly.  CDM mechanism need to be strengthened. delay in congested areas is getting serious.  Insufficient airspace and inflexible utilization.

CAAC had proposed a long term strategy to guide the development of aviation industry from now to 2030.CAAC Long-Term Strategy  In 2010.  A SAFE.  The China New Generation ATM System is part of the strategy. 11 . EFFICIENT and ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY air transportation system has been set as the goal of strategy.

 CAPACITY: Accommodate 4 times of current demands and punctuality up to 85%.ATM Long Term Objectives  SAFETY: Accident rate less than 0.05.  EFFICIENCY: Route non-linear coefficient down to 1.1 per million flight hours. 12 .  SATISFACTION: Improve service to increase the satisfaction of airspace user as the demands growth rapidly.

9854. 13 . • Under the guidance of ICAO Doc.9750 and 9883. • Take NextGen and SESAR as reference.Vision of ATM Development  China New Generation ATM System (CNAS) • Follow CAAC Long-Term Strategy • Based on operation and development situation and environment of China Air Transportation • Compliance with the concept of ICAO Doc.

Planning Framework ConOps Performance Framework Roadmap Implementation Plan Five-Years Plan 14 .

Assumptions of Significant Changes       Flexible Resource/Capacity Allocation Performance-based Operation and service Collaborative decision-making From Tactical to Strategic Development of automation tools Transformation of roles and responsibilities Inc omp let e i sha nforma rin tio g n Incomplete information sharing Aerodromes operational sections Aerodromes operational sections ATM service providers Airspace users Airspace users ATM service providers Inco mple mat nfor te i g in shar information-rich environment ion 15 .

Components      Flexible Airspace Organization and Management Performance Based Operations Collaborative Operations Collaborative Demand Capacity Balance Trajectory Based Operation KPAs Sa fety Ca p a c ity Effic ienc y Flexib ility Pred ic ta b ility Colla b ora tive DCB TBO Flex AOM Colla b ora ti ve Op s PBO 16 .

17 .Performance Based Operation  Performance Based Navigation and Separation  ATM service provider will provide different service to different level of aircraft performance.  PBO provides measures to improve ATM by taking advantages of operation capability of aircrafts.  Users can make the tradeoffs between investments and level of service desired to best meet their needs.  ATM service provider can use „Required Performance‟ as a measure to maximums the utilization of ATM assets and increase capacity to accommodate demands.

Flexible AOM  Flexible Use of Airspace under Civil-Military Coordination – Enhance Civil-Military cooperation – Increase temporary route – Reduce permanently segregated airspace  Dynamic airspace capacity management – Change airspace structures with pre-defined modes according to flow requirements and changes of traffic situation. performance base airspace access rules  Flex AOM will enhance the capability of managing the airspace to gain more capacity 18 . optional route. – Flexible sectorization.

 Supervision and evaluation is needed to maximize the benefits of all stakeholders without impacting overall operations of ATM system.Collaborative Operation  SWIM:Build a dynamic information sharing environment provide tailored service and facilitate unified situation awareness  CDM:Brings benefit in demands capacity balance and improve capacity and equity of the system. · Wea ther · Constra int · FM stra teg y · Ca p a c ity Pla n Unified SA of Air Tra ffic · Deta iled Pla n · Op era tiona l Stra teg y · Prorit Weather Info-Sharing AOC ATCO Piolet Flow Mng Pre-ta c tic a l DCB Ta c tic a l DCB 19 .

Collaborative DCB  Combine the concepts of ATFM and Capacity Management – Strategic planning – Pre-tactic optimization – Tactic Execution Stra teg ic Pla nning Pre ta c tic a l Op tim iza tion Exc ec ution 1 Yea r Da y b efore op t Pre ta c tic a l Op tim iza tion Short term unb a la nc e forec a st Tra jec tory Ad justm ent Ca p a c ity Config ura tion Op tim iza tion Ground Dela y Op t d a y Rea l tim e DCB Rea l tim e c a p a c ity Assessm ent Tra jec tory Ad justm ent Reg ula tion Flow Ca p a c ity inform a tion b roa d c a st Stra teg ic D a nd C p la nning Flig ht &Tra jec tory Pla nning Ca p a c ity Pla nning Initia l DCB eva lua tion 20 .

even separation and conflict management will shift to Trajectory Based  At late stage of the New Generation ATM System . 21 . flow and capacity management.Trajectory Based Operation  TBO is a brand new concept  TBO will change the way of ATM service delivery.  Planning and execution of flight. China will gradually shift to TBO from current operation.

CNAS Operation Improvements Focus Area PBO ID OI21 Short Term-OIs RNP/RNAV Procedures in TMA ID OI24 Mid Term-OIs RNP/RNAV Implementation in En-route ID OI25 Long Term-OIs Full Implementation of PBN OI22 Parallel Route OI28 Reduction of Horizontal Separation in En-route Reduction of Horizontal Separation in TMA Enhancement on CM of Surface Movement Improvement on Conflict Management by Using User Intent Information Optimization of TMA by Using RNP/RNAV Increase of Flexibility of Route Network Dynamic Airspace Management AIS to AIM OI32 Airborne Situational awareness Reduction of Horizontal Separation in Oceanic Area Delegated Separation Self-separation OI23 Improvement on Arr/Dep of Airport with Critical Terrain Reduction of Vertical Separation Reduction of Horizontal Separation in Remote Area Airspace Classification OI29 OI33 OI26 OI27 OI30 OI31 OI34 OI35 F-AOM OI01 OI04 OI07 FUA Based on Coordination between MA and CA OI02 OI03 C-Operation OI08 Optimization of Control Area Optimization of Current Air Route Using PBN Improvement on Dynamic Flight Data Management Enhanced CDM inside ATM OI05 OI06 OI09 OI11 SWIM OI12 OI10 OI13 Integration of Weather Information into ATM IM System Initial MA/CA Coordination Mechanism OI14 OI15 Extended CDM to Airspace User and Airport Improved MA/CA Coordination Mechanism 22 .

CNAS Operation Improvements Focus Area ID Short-OIs ID Mid-OIs Improvement on Flow Forecast by Using User Intent Information Integrated Management of Arrival/Departure Stream Dynamic Flow-capacity Balancing Trajectory Sharing and Negotiation Dynamic Trajectory Data Management Trajectory Evaluation during Execution Enhancement of DCB by Using Trajectory Data OI40 TBO Procedures in TMA ID Long-OIs OI16 DCB OI17 Flow Management Capacity Resource Evaluation and Planning OI18 OI19 OI20 OI36 OI37 TBO OI38 OI39 OI41 OI42 OI43 OI44 TBO Procedures in All Phases Flight Planning based on Trajectory User Preferred Optimized Trajectory Trajectory-based Flow Management 23 .

Current Improvement Programmes and Near-term Plan 中国民航空中交通管理局 Air Traffic Management Bureau 24 .

validation and trail has been carried out for CNS/ATM technologies.Current Activities  To bring the vision to reality:  China New Generation ATM System Planning Framework is under development. had already started.  R&D.  Near-term improvement programme. 25 . such as implementation of PBN and ADS-B.

PBN  PBN Roadmap – Short-term(2009-2012): Local Implementation – Mid-term(2013-2016): Fully implemented – Long-term(2017-2025): Fully integrated  Currently – 23 Airports – 10400km PBN route  Relevant initiatives – Training and Guidance material – WGS-84 26 .

2011 – Sanya ATC Area: Jun 16th.CAAC.2011  Initial Operation – Chengdu-Lhasa Air Route: May 18th. 2011  Relevant Initiatives – Implementation Roadmap – Operational Procedure – Ground Station Construction\Maintenance\Flight Inspection Requirement CHENGDU LASHA SANYA 27 .ADS-B  Policy Application policy of civil surveillance technology of China.

Operational  Navigation: Follow the PBN roadmap  Separation: Reduce Separation Minimum in NonRADAR area by using ADS-B  Airspace Management: – Establish capacity evaluation facility & air route structure optimization – Control Area Combination: Reduce Upper Control Area from18 to 8 – Civ-Mil Joint FUA: Joint operation in busy area 28 .

transit from AFTN to AMHS  Digital-ATIS & DCL: Deploy in 50 busiest airports  MLAT: Deploy for surface surveillance and wide-area surveillance test 29 .CNS infrastructure update  AIDC: Nation-wide implementation  AMAN/DMAN: Deploy in most congested terminals  ACARS: Upgrade to VDL M2  ATN/AMHS :Trunk network construction.

R&D initiative  SWIM :Research and Development  GBAS : Demonstration and operational approval  Wx System: Concept of new generation weather system  AFTM: System Designing  FUA: Mechanism Research 30 .

Compass(BEIDOU) system  Vision – Asia-Pacific region coverage with 12 SVs at 2012 – Global Coverage with 35 SVs at 2020  Standardization – Development of GNSS SARPs to include “COMPASS” through approval process of ICAO  Service for Civil Aviation – Enhance the Availability. Continuity and Accuracy of GNSS PNT Services  Evaluation and Development – Evaluate Compass PNT performance for civil aviation – Develop ground and airborne equipment 31 . Integrality.

 CNAS is expected to be fully operational in 2030 and contains five components  Planning and deployment of some CNS/ATM technologies such as PBN. ADS-B are in progress and will be integrated into CNAS in future. The planning framework is under development and will follow the guidance of ICAO.Conclusion  CNAS is the vision of China ATM System development. 32 .

Thank you! 谢谢! 中国民航空中交通管理局 Air Traffic Management Bureau 33 .