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Muscular System- Gross Anatomy

General Principles Head Muscles Trunk Muscles Upper Limb Muscles Lower Limb Muscles

20pts 40 pts

20pts 40 pts 60 pts 80 pts 100 pts

20pts 40 pts 60 pts 80 pts 100 pts

20pts 40 pts 60 pts 80 pts 100 pts

20pts 40 pts 60 pts 80 pts 100 pts


FINAL ROUND

60 pts
80 pts 100 pts

General Principles:

20 pts Question

When a skeletal muscle contracts to cause a given movement, the relatively stationary end of attachment of the muscle is termed this:
a. origin b. insertion c. antagonist d. belly
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General Principles:

20 pts Answer

When a skeletal muscle contracts to cause a given movement, the relatively stationary end of attachment of the muscle is termed this:
a. origin b. insertion c. antagonist d. belly
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General Principles:

40 pts Question

When a muscle contracts, it usually has an opposing muscle that can cause movement in the opposite direction called this:
a. prime mover b. agonist c. antagonist d. synergist
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General Principles:

40 pts Answer

When a muscle contracts, it usually has an opposing muscle that can cause movement in the opposite direction called this:

a. prime mover
b. agonist

c. antagonist
d. synergist
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General Principles:

60 pts Question

Knowing that muscles are often named for their anatomical location, the brachialis, coracobrachialis and brachioradialis would all be found in this region:

a. arm
b. forearm

c. trunk
d. thigh
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e. leg

General Principles:

60 pts Answer

Knowing that muscles are often named for their anatomical location, the brachialis, coracobrachialis and brachioradialis would all be found in this region:

a. arm
b. forearm

c. trunk
d. thigh

e. leg

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General Principles:

80 pts Question

This pair is matched correctly: a. fulcrum-joint

b. lever-bone
c. pull (force)-muscles

d. all are correct


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General Principles:

80 pts Answer

This pair is matched correctly: a. fulcrum-joint b. lever-bone c. pull (force)-muscles d. all are correct
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General Principles:

100 pts Question

The action of the biceps brachii muscle pulling on the radius to flex the elbow and elevate the hand is an example of this kind of lever:
a. class I lever system b. class II lever system c. class III lever system
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General Principles:

100 pts Answer

The action of the biceps brachii muscle pulling on the radius to flex the elbow and elevate the hand is an example of this kind of lever:
a. class I lever system b. class II lever system c. class III lever system
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Head Muscles:

20 pts Question

Winking or blinking the eye is controlled by this muscle: a. corrugator supercilii

b. depressor anguli oris


c. orbicularis oculi

d. occipitofrontalis
e. orbicularis oris
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Head Muscles:

20 pts Answer

Winking or blinking the eye is controlled by this muscle:


a. corrugator supercilii b. depressor anguli oris c. orbicularis oculi d. occipitofrontalis e. orbicularis oris
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Head Muscles:

40 pts Question

These muscles of the neck tilts the head down and toward the side:
a. scalenes b. sternocleidomastoid c. splenius capitis d. semispinalis
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Head Muscles:

40 pts Answer

These muscles of the neck tilts the head down and toward the side:

a. scalenes
b. sternocleidomastoid

c. splenius capitis
d. semispinalis
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Head Muscles:

60 pts Question

These muscles are all involved in mastication (chewing) except:


a. temporalis b. masseter c. buccinator d. lateral pterygoid e. medial pterygoid
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Head Muscles:

60 pts Answer

These muscles are all involved in mastication (chewing) except: a. temporalis

b. masseter
c. buccinator

d. lateral pterygoid
e. medial pterygoid
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Head Muscles:

80 pts Question

This best describes the action of the soft palate muscles: a. prevent food from entering the nasal cavity b. close the auditory tube c. force food into the esophagus d. prevent food from entering the larynx ANSWER
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Head Muscles:

80 pts Answer

This best describes the action of the soft palate muscles: a. prevent food from entering the nasal cavity b. close the auditory tube c. force food into the esophagus d. prevent food from entering the larynx
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Head Muscles:

100 pts Question

Your five year old son is gazing up into the sky at night to see a shooting star. He is using these eye muscles to look upward:

a.inferior oblique
b. lateral rectus c. medial rectus d. superior oblique e. superior rectus
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Head Muscles:

100 pts Answer

Your five year old son is gazing up into the sky at night to see a shooting star. He is using these eye muscles to look upward:

a.inferior oblique
b. lateral rectus c. medial rectus d. superior oblique e. superior rectus
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Trunk Muscles:

20 pts Question

This muscle produces the major movement made during quiet breathing:

a. scalene
b. diaphragm

c. external intercostals
d. internal intercostals
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Trunk Muscles:

20 pts Answer

This muscle produces the major movement made during quiet breathing:
a. scalene b. diaphragm c. external intercostals d. internal intercostals
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Trunk Muscles:

40 pts Question

This action is accomplished by the erector spinae muscles:


a. abduct the thigh b. extend the vertebral column c. flex the vertebral column d. protract the scapula e. rotate the thigh
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Trunk Muscles:

40 pts Answer

This action is accomplished by the erector spinae muscles:


a. abduct the thigh b. extend the vertebral column c. flex the vertebral column d. protract the scapula e. rotate the thigh
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Trunk Muscles:

60 pts Question

This is the deepest abdominal muscle: a. external oblique b. internal oblique c. transversus abdominis d. rectus abdominis
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Trunk Muscles:

60 pts Answer

This is the deepest abdominal muscle: a. external oblique

b. internal oblique
c. transversus abdominis

d. rectus abdominis

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Trunk Muscles:

80 pts Question

The six pack seen on a body builders abdomen is caused by the tendinous intersections in this muscle:

a. external abdominal oblique


b. internal abdominal oblique c. linea alba d. rectus abdominis e. transversus abdominis
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Trunk Muscles:

80 pts Answer

The six pack seen on a body builders abdomen is caused by the tendinous intersections in this muscle:

a. external abdominal oblique


b. internal abdominal oblique c. linea alba d. rectus abdominis e. transversus abdominis
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Trunk Muscles:

100 pts Question

The pelvic diaphragm, which forms the pelvic floor, is made of this: a. coccygeus muscle

b. levator ani muscle


c. external urethral sphincter muscle

d. a only
e. a and b
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Trunk Muscles:

100 pts Answer

The pelvic diaphragm, which forms the pelvic floor, is made of this: a. coccygeus muscle

b. levator ani muscle


c. external urethral sphincter muscle

d. a only
e. a and b
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Upper Limb Muscles:

20 pts Question

This muscle flexes both the arm and the forearm:


a. biceps brachii b. brachialis c. deltoid d. latissimus dorsi e. triceps brachii
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Upper Limb Muscles:

20 pts Answer

This muscle flexes both the arm and the forearm: a. biceps brachii

b. brachialis
c. deltoid

d. latissimus dorsi
e. triceps brachii
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Upper Limb Muscles:

40 pts Question

The trapezius muscle produces all of these actions except:


a. elevates scapula b. depresses scapula c. retracts scapula d. extends neck e. flexes neck
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Upper Limb Muscles:

40 pts Answer

The trapezius muscle produces all of these actions except: a. elevates scapula

b. depresses scapula
c. retracts scapula

d. extends neck
e. flexes neck
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Upper Limb Muscles:

60 pts Question

Most of the anterior forearm muscles are responsible for this:


a. extension of the wrist and fingers b. extension of the forearm c. flexion of the wrist and fingers d. flexion of the forearm e. flexion of the arm
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Upper Limb Muscles:

60 pts Answer

Most of the anterior forearm muscles are responsible for this:


a. extension of the wrist and fingers b. extension of the forearm c. flexion of the wrist and fingers d. flexion of the forearm e. flexion of the arm
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Upper Limb Muscles:

80 pts Question

The tendon of the flexor carpi radialis is an important landmark because the radial pulse can be felt just lateral to the tendon.

True/False
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Upper Limb Muscles:

80 pts Answer

The tendon of the flexor carpi radialis is an important landmark because the radial pulse can be felt just lateral to the tendon.

True/False

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Upper Limb Muscles:

100 pts Question

This muscle(s) is an intrinsic hand muscle that moves the thumb: a. flexor pollicis brevis b. flexor digiti minimi brevis c. flexor pollicis longus

d. extensor pollicis longus


e. all of the above
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Upper Limb Muscles:

100 pts Answer

This muscle(s) is an intrinsic hand muscle that moves the thumb:


a. flexor pollicis brevis

b. flexor digiti minimi brevis


c. flexor pollicis longus

d. extensor pollicis longus


e. all of the above
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Lower Limb Muscles:

20 pts Question

The medial group of thigh muscles is involved primarily in this movement:


a. abduction of the thigh b. adduction of the thigh c. extension of the thigh d. flexion of the thigh e. flexion of the leg
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Lower Limb Muscles:

20 pts Answer

The medial group of thigh muscles is involved primarily in this movement: a. abduction of the thigh

b. adduction of the thigh


c. extension of the thigh

d. flexion of the thigh


e. flexion of the leg
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Lower Limb Muscles:

40 pts Question

This muscle flexes the thigh and extends the knee:

a. vastus medialis
b. vastus lateralis

c. rectus femoris
d. biceps femoris
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Lower Limb Muscles:

40 pts Answer

This muscle flexes the thigh and extends the knee:


a. vastus medialis b. vastus lateralis c. rectus femoris d. biceps femoris
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Lower Limb Muscles:

60 pts Question

Anterior leg muscles produce this movement:


a. dorsiflex the foot b. flex the leg c. plantarflex the foot d. extend the leg e. flex the toes
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Lower Limb Muscles:

60 pts Answer

Anterior leg muscles produce this movement:


a. dorsiflex the foot b. flex the leg c. plantarflex the foot d. extend the leg e. flex the toes
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Lower Limb Muscles:

80 pts Question

Hip extension is produced by all of these muscles except:


a. gluteus maximus b. gluteus medius c. semimembranosus d. semitendinosus e. biceps femoris
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Lower Limb Muscles:

80 pts Answer

Hip extension is produced by all of these muscles except:


a. gluteus maximus b. gluteus medius c. semimembranosus d. semitendinosus e. biceps femoris
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Lower Limb Muscles:

100 pts Question

This muscle of the leg attaches to the heel by way of the calcaneal tendon:
a. tibialis anterior b. peroneus longus c. gastrocnemius d. soleus e. c and d only
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Lower Limb Muscles:

100 pts Answer

This muscle of the leg attaches to the heel by way of the calcaneal tendon: a. tibialis anterior

b. peroneus longus
c. gastrocnemius

d. soleus
e. c and d only
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FINAL ROUND Question

The mechanical support of the head of the humerus in the glenoid fossa is weakest in the inferior direction. These muscles help prevent dislocation of the shoulder when a heavy weight such as a suitcase is carried: a. teres major b. pectoralis major c. supraspinatus
ANSWER

d. deltoid

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FINAL ROUND Answer

The mechanical support of the head of the humerus in the glenoid fossa is weakest in the inferior direction. These muscles help prevent dislocation of the shoulder when a heavy weight such as a suitcase is carried:
a. teres major b. pectoralis major c. supraspinatus d. deltoid
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