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Wed/Ma/3

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concept of algebra

algebra

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Key Words

Consecutive numbers

Algebra

Coefficient

Variable

Number Pattern

Sequence

Term

nth term rule

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Quick-Fire

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x+12=26

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2x+5=17

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3x+10=29.

5

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9x+57=75

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9x=207

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x+(2x)=?

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x(x+5)=?

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2(x+7)=?

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3x(2+1)=?

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(x+1)(x+2)

=?

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Answers

1. 14 6.3x

2. 6 7.x2+5x

3. 6 ½ 8.2x+14

4. 2

9.either:

5. 23

6x+3x or 9x

10. x2+3x+2

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Algebra

uses letters, symbols, and/or

characters to represent numbers and

express mathematical relationships.

These symbols are called variables.

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9x+2y=18

9

Coefficients

Variables

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Subject #1

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to algebra…

added to the total, and the result is

15. What was the Original Number?

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Long-Winded English

Ink-Saving Algebra

A number x

Double it 2x

Then add Three 2x+3

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Questions

per hour plus a tip of £30. They

shared the takings and each got

£110. How many hours did they

work for?

2. I have a number. My number is

doubled, then 11 is added, and the

result is 25. what is my starting

number?

Ext. I have a number. My number is

squared, then doubled. My answer

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Answers: Question

1

x3

-30

50

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Answers: Question

2

-11

2

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Answers: Question

EXT

simplify

Reciprocal Word Problem

the entire house in twelve hours,

and the second painter takes

eight hours. How long would it

take the two painters together

to paint the house?

If the first painter can do the entire job in twelve

hours and the second painter can do it in eight

hours, then (this here is the trick!) the first guy can

do 1/12 of the job per hour, and the second guy can

do 1/8 per hour. How much then can they do per

hour if they work together?

To find out how much they can do together per hour,

I add together what they can do individually per

hour: 1/12 + 1/8 = 5/24. They can do 5/24 of the job per

hour. Now I'll let "t" stand for how long they take to

do the job together. Then they can do 1/t per hour,

so 5/24 = 1/t. Flip the equation, and you get

that t = 24/5 = 4.8 hours. That is:

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first painter: 12

second painter: 8

together: t

completed per hour:

first painter: 1/12

second painter: 1/8

together: 1/t

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1

/12 + 1/8 = 1/t

5

/24 = /t

1

24

/5 = t

Algebra/1

Plenary

Do you…

Understand what Algebra is?

Understand what is a coefficient?

Understand what is a variable?

Can you…

Convert English into Algebra?

Algebra/2

Independent Work

Question 1:

1) 4 2)-1 3)-3 4)-2

5)6 6)-20 7)-9 8)-11

9)24 10)6

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Question 2 Part 1

J + 12 = 3W + 36 or 3(W+12)

J + 12 = 3W + 36

(11W) + 12 = 3W + 36

11W – 3W = 36 – 12

8W = 24

W = 3

Algebra/2

Question 2 Part 2

g + 3 = 6(m – 1) m + g = 68 (m – 1)

g + 3 = 6m - 6 m = 68 – g

g + 3 = 6(68 – g) – 6

g + 3 = 408 – 6g - 6

g + 3 = 402 – 6g

7g = 399

g = 57

68 – g = m = 11

Algebra/2

Question 2 Part 3

Hint!

Consecutive means “next

n (n+1) 15 to each other”. Consecutive

numbers are numbers that

are next to each other (e.g.

n + (n+1) = 15 7, 8, 9, 10 etc.)

2n + 1 = 15

2n = 14

n=7

Algebra/2

Question 2 Part 4

First Guy : 1/6 of the job per hour

New Guy: 1/8 of the job per hour

(Add their labour time) : 1/6 + 1/8 = 7/24

They work for 2 hours so:

2(7/24) = 7/12

1 - 7/12 = 5/12 of the job left to do

will take to do 5/12 of the job. Let "h" indicate the number of hours he nee

h

/8 job = 5/12 job

h

/8 = 5/12

h = ( 5/12) × ( 8/1) = 10/3 = 3 1/3

The New Guy takes 3 hours and 20 minutes more to complete the job.

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Subject #2

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Terms

you have to really understand what a

term is…

letters and brackets all

mutiplied/divided together.

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Simplifying

“Simplify”:

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Expanding Brackets

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Squared Brackets

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Factorising (putting

BRACKETS in)

=

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Algebra/2

Increasing Difference (e.g. +2, +3,

+4)

Decreasing Difference (e.g. -10, -9,

-8)

Multiplying Factor (e.g. x2)

Dividing Factor (e.g. 5)

Adding Previous Terms

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Common Difference

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Algebra/2

Changing Difference

a=1

d=3

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increasing decreasing etc.)

Increasing, Squared

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the terms…

Algebra/2

the number in front of n2

• 2 2 2 2

2 Divided by 2 =

4 So the first part =

1n 2

or n 2

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the original sequence

1 4 9 16 25 36

1 4 9 16 25 36

0 0 0 0 0 0

SAME

So: T(n)=n 2

Algebra/2

Practice

2.3, 7,11,15,19…

3.2,5,10,17,26…

4.97,89,81…

5.-1, 0, 3, 8…

6.11, 22, 33…

Algebra/2

Answers

1. 4n-1

2. N2+1

3. 105-8n

• n2-2n

5. 11n

Algebra/2

Plenary

Do you:

Understand what a term is?

Understand what a sequence is?

Can you:

Work out an nth term rule?

Name the different sequence types?

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