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JOTHI LINKAM MD SENIOR DESINER SCHOOL OF FASHION DESIGN FDDI- ROHTAK UNIT-1

Apparel is one of the basic necessities of human civilization along with food, water and shelter. At present, it is amongst the fastest growing industry segment and is also the second largest foreign exchange earner for the country. The apparel industry accounts for 26% Of all Indian exports. The Indian government has targeted the

The garment and apparel industry involves advertising, designing and selling of fashionable clothes. Each outfit fabricated has a specific theme, purpose and target market of its own. For classifying the upcoming trends, apparel world connects with the designers and marketers who keeps track of all the essential requirement of consumers. The art and work related with the designers is not only restricted with the designing of clothes but also broadens to fashion accessories like shoes, bags, jewelry and many more.

The two main driving factors affecting garment apparel world are end user tastes and relative manufacturing costs. Apart from this, an apparel organization depends upon its operational efficiency and its ability to catch deals with more clothing marketers comprising clothing wholesale and retail sector.

For effective functioning, Apparel industry requires versatile skills as well as equipments. Usually most of garment manufacturers specialize in fabricating 1 or 2 forms of outfits. Also, the Integrated manufacturers scheme and make garments in their own manufacturing plants and market their own clothing brands. Apparel manufacturing is one of the most sought after businesses today.

Apparel industry is one of the most important sectors of the economy. Great growth and development in the industrial sector in India as well as abroad. Entirely based on the contribution of the industrialproductivity and employment. Apparel industry include home decor and furnishings along with clothing and fashion accessories for kids, women and men. Plays a critical role in the economic development of the country with its contribution to industrial output, export earningsof the country and the generation of employment.

Apparel/Garments; Textile productsused forclothingis broadly termed asApparelor Garments. Garment making is one of the basic content offashion designing. Proficiency in theartofsewingis an essential pre-requisite in garment making. There are Woven garments andKnitted garments. Shirts, trousers, sarees,bed spreads,

Garment making is one of the basic content offashion designing. Proficiency in theartofsewingis an essential pre-requisite in garment making. Therefore, it is necessary to know the techniques of sewing for producing attractive garments with good fit. Garment making is thus a technical accomplishment that requires knowledge of fabrics, principles ofclothingconstruction and skills involved in it. This depends on the ability to select the correct fabric, colour, design and accessories to suit an individual occasion.

There are 2 types of garments. One is Woven garments. Another isKnitted garments. Shirts, trousers, sarees,bed spreads, blankets, towels and made ups are Woven. T shirts, sweatshirts, undergarments,pyjamasand socks are Knits. Woven fabrics are made in hand looms, power looms and mill made. Making woven fabrics is simple. But yarn counts, reed & picks (warp & weft), width should be considered

Knit fabrics are made in different kinds ofknitting machines. According to the structure of fabrics, they are called by different names. The mainly used fabrics are Jersey, Pique, Interlock, Rib, French Rib,Flat backrib, Loop knit, Fleece, Polar fleece and Jacquards. The knit garments can be made in solid dyed or all over printed or yarn striped

Garment manufacturing processes include all activities from the point when textiles are received at the factory, to when retail-ready garments are shipped to the distributor. Some processessuch as fabric relaxing, cutting, and sewingoccur in the manufacturing of all garments. Other optional processes may also be performed as specified by the customer, including such things as

Garment factories receive fabrics from overseas textile manufacturers. Material is temporarily stored in a warehouse until needed for manufacturing.

Fabric bolts are unrolled to allow material to relax and contract. Fabric relaxing minimizes shrinkage during washing.

The fabric is cut into uniform plies and spread onto the cutting surface. Forms are then laid out on the top of the spread, and the fabric is cut to the pattern shapes. Cutting is performedmanuallyor using a computerized system.

Optional customer-requested services may be performed to put logos or other embellishments on garments.

Garments are sewn in an assembly-line manner, with the garment becoming more complete as it progresses down the sewing line. This step is labor-intensive.

Cosmetic flaws, stains, or other spots identified on an assembled garment may be cleaned using steam, hot water, or chemicalstain removers. Customers may require a garment to be fully laundered after it is sewn and assembled.

Each garment ismanuallypressed and then folded prior to packaging.

Garments are tagged, sized, and packaged according to customer specifications and then shipped to client distribution centers.