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Chapter III.

Designing Classroom Language Tests


LANGUAGE ASSESSMENT By Douglas Brown

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Component

How to design Test type, practical steps to test construction,

Scoring, grading, and feedback


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Five factors needs to taken into considered:

1 2 3 4 5

purpose, objective, selecting and arrange items, types of scoring, grading, and feedback.
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Test Types:

Language Aptitude test: for prediction and measure capacity for ultimate success. Actually, it has limitation and flaw, because prediction is not easy to be made. When a person has appropriate knowledge, and nice strategies in learning, everyone can succeed.
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Aptitude
[cai2qing2], n., great ability, esp. litr. aptitude. 8. [cai2jU4], n., aptitude, capability (of person). 20. [cai2wu4], n., aptitude for understanding.

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Test Types:

Proficiency test: it consists standardized multiple choice items on grammar, vocabulary, reading and aural part. It is summative and normreferenced. Such as TOFEL.

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Test Types:

Placement test: for divide students into levels and put them into courses and indicate appropriate challenging materials for students.
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Test Types:

Diagnostic test: for diagnosing for a specified aspect. A placement based on a course level also serves diagnostic purposes. It is different from achievement test because it focuses on more detailed sub-categorized information learned.
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Test Types:

Achievement test:

It is directly related to classroom lessons, and it is limited within a particular material and curriculum in a time frame.
A good one can offer washback for learners performance quality.

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Some practical steps to test construction:

Set clear and specific objectives. Determine a simple and practical outline, tested skills, and decide forms of item types and tasks.

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Some practical steps to test construction:

Devising Test Tasks by drafting the questions, revising the draft, request aid from colleague, and imagine yourself as a student who write for this test.

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Some practical steps to test construction:

Designing Multiplechoice items by checking practicality, reliability and facility of cheating.

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Scoring, Grading, and Giving Feedback:

teachers assign letter grade level depend on i. culture, context, and relations of the English classroom and teachers expectation.

Even weight and points on each section.

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Scoring, Grading, and Giving Feedback:

After testing, students identification of success and challenge can be given.

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