Lesson 1

application design of components material protection (from corrosion, damage, etc.)

Physical properties 2.1. Mechanical properties 3. Chemical properties .

colour –light wave length specific heat – the heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of a substance by one degree centigrade (J/kg K) .

density – mass per unit volume expressed in such units as kg/cm 3 conductivity –rate at which heat flows through a given material (W/m K) thermal .

melting point – a temperature at which a solid begins to liquify conductivity – a measure of how strongly a material opposes the flow of electric current (Ω⋅m) electrical .

coefficient of thermal expansion – degree of expansion divided by the change in temperature (m/°C) .

wire or a structural beam to the point where it breaks – a measure of how much strain a material can take before rupturing ductility .tensile strength – measures the force required to pull something such as rope.

malleability – the property of a material that can be worked or hammered or shaped without breaking –breaking or shattering of a material when subjected to stress (when force is applied to it) brittleness .

g.the deformation of a material undergoing non-reversible changes of shape in response to applied forces plasticity .elasticity – the property of a material that returns to its original shape after stress (e. external forces) that made it deform or distort is removed .

not easily scratched hardness .toughness – the ability of a material to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing – the property of being rigid and resistant to pressure.

machinability – the property of a material that can be shaped by hammering. pressing. rolling .

a material's ability to resist deterioration caused by exposure to an environment .corrosion resistance .

Material aluminium rubber ceramics steel copper lead nylon cast iron wood Properties .

ductility strength . insulation thermal resistivity strength conductivity . environmental friendliness . corrosion resistance high density.Material aluminium rubber ceramics steel copper lead nylon cast iron wood Properties lightness . toughness damping capacity insulation . strength elasticity .

Material aluminium rubber ceramics steel copper lead nylon cast iron wood Application .

clothing engine block. deck . gasket furnace. aircraft.. radiation protection ballast.Material aluminium rubber ceramics steel copper lead nylon cast iron wood Application foil. brick section. valves furniture. cables storage battery. bullets rope. window frame tyres. seal. pipe pipe.

11340 kg/m3 steel .7800 kg/m3 .19300 kg/m3 uranium .gold .19100 kg/m3 lead .

Material carbon nanotubes Tensile Strength 62000 MPa (theoretical300000 MPa) 5650 MPa 4700 MPa 1000 MPa 1200 MPa UTS (Ultimate Tensile Strength) 48000 kNm/kg carbon fibre glass fibre spider web high-strength steel 3200 kNm/kg 1340 kNm/kg 900 kNm/kg 154 kNm/kg .

2 x 106 S/m (1/ohm) 37.6 x 106 S/m (1/ohm) 45.Material silver copper gold aluminium Conductivity 63 x 106 S/m (1/ohm) 59.8 x 106 S/m (1/ohm) .

Material polyethylene terephthalate (PET) glass rubber Specific resistance 1020 ohm 1014 ohm 1013 ohm .

Forging .a manufacturing process where metal is shaped by plastic deformation under great pressure into high strength parts. Casting – pouring or injecting molten metal into a mold containing a cavity with the desired shape .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.