HORTICULTURE ZONES OF ANDHRA PRADESH

HORTICULTURAL ZONES OF ANDHRA PRADESH

• The climate of Andhra Pradesh is essentially or mainly tropical. • However, two main fruit growing zones are recognized in Andhra Pradesh • Tropical zone and • Sub Tropical zone.

TROPICAL ZONE
• This zone is again divided in to three sub zones.

• 1. Arid Tropical, • 2.Humid Tropical and • 3. Coastal Tumid Tropical

Arid tropical zone
• In this zone the percentage of humidity (moisture in the air) is less. • High temperature exists uniformly almost through out the year. • South-West and North-East monModerate to scanty rainfall is received from both soons. • Rainfall is 50-75 cm.

Areas of A.P under Arid tropical zone
• Western parts of Adilabad, Karimnagar, and Nalgonda • Districts of Medak, Khammam, Nizamabad, Mahaboobnagar, Kadapa, Kurnool,Ananthapur and Chittoor. • Western parts of Nellore, Prakasam, Guntur, Krishna and West Godavari.

Fruit crops recommended FOR Arid tropical zone
• • • • • • CUSTARD APPLE SWEET ORANGE GUAVA GRAPE BANANA MANGO.

Humid tropical zone
• This zone receives heavy rainfall and temperature is more or less uniform throughout the year. • Humidity is also more in this zone.

Humid tropical zone
• This zone is subdivided into 2 sub-zones.
• 1.Heavy rainfall areas • 2. Low rainfall areas

Heavy rainfall areas
• This zone receives 120-150 cm rainfall annually. • Elevation is up To 600m. • Humidity is also very high.

• Areas come under this zone are • Polavaram and Rampachodavaram.

POLAVARAM

ARAKU VALLEY

Low rainfall areas
• This zone receives 100-150 cm of rainfall annually. • Humidity is less (Aridity). • Areas comes under this zone: • Parts of Adilabad, warnagal, Kurnool and Kadapa

• Banana, • Sweet orange, • Guava, • Papaya • Ber etc

Fruits recommended for humid tropical zone

Coastal humid tropical zone
• This zone receives 75-100 cm of rainfall mostly from SouthWest monsoon and partly from north- east monsoon.
• Humidity is also high.

Areas under Coastal humid tropical zone • Coastal areas from Nellore to Srikakulam.
• Fruits recommended

Fruits Recommended For Coastal Humid Tropical Zone

• Banana, • Cashew, • Coconut, • Pineapple • Jackfruit

3/8/2013

coconut reddy

eswara

25

3/8/2013

coconut

s.eswara reddy

26

3/8/2013

coconut reddy

eswara

27

3/8/2013

coconut

s.eswara reddy

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SUB-TROPICAL ZONE
• Based on the amount of rainfall received, this zone is again subdivided in to two sub-zones. • 1. Arid sub-tropical and
• 2. Humid sub tropical

Arid sub-tropical
• This zone receives an annual rainfall of about 75-100 cm. • Elevation is about 450 m. • Cold between October and February

Areas come under Arid-sub tropical zone
• Hyderabad • Ranga Reddy • Horsely hills of Chittor district • Penukonda of Ananthapur district

Fruit Crops Recommended For Arid-sub Tropical Zone • Grapes • Sweet orange • Mandarin • Lime • Phalsa

Phalsa or Falsa( Grewia asiatica)

Phalsa or Falsa( Grewia asiatica)

Phalsa or Falsa( Grewia asiatica)

Humid-sub Tropical Zone
• This zone receives an annual rainfall up to 200 cm • Elevation up to 620 m MSL.

Areas Come Under Humid-sub Tropical Zone
• Parts of Visakapatnam and Srikakulam districts, Araku valley.

Fruit Crops Recommended For Humid-sub Tropical Zone
• • • • • • • Peach, Japanese plum, Avocado Litchi, Jack fruit Bread fruit, Cocoa, Rubber , Coffee, Pepper.

AVOCODO TREE

Avocado (Persea americana)

JAPANESE PLUM

LITCHI Litchi chinensis

Peach (Prunus persica)

PLUMS

PLUMS

Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)

CROP WISE AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF MAJOR FRUITS
SL.No.
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Crop
Apple Banana Citrus Grape Guava Litchi Mango Papaya Pineapple Pomegranate Sapota Others Total

Area (In’000ha)
264 843 647 64 178 69 2205 80 80 122 150 1071 5773

Production (In ‘000mt)
2002.00 7574 23205 1677 1975 418 13792 2686 1216 858 1238 6862 63503

Productivity (In MT.)
7.58 8.98 35.86 26.20 11.10 6.10 6.25 33.60 15.20 7.0 8.25 6.40 11.00

AREA AND PRODUCTION OF MAJOR FRUIT CROPS IN A.P.
Sl.No Crop Area(Ha) Production (Mt.Tonnes) Productivity (Mt.Tonnes)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Banana Mango Guava Grapes Orange & Batavia Papaya Sapota Lemons Total Fresh Fruits

75,177 4,83,480 9,626 2,764 1,94,395 14,945 18,731 58,866 8,89,362

26,31,195 41,57,928 1,44,390 58,044 26,24,333 11,95,616 1,87,310 8,82,990 1,22,14,370

35 8.6 15 21 13.5 10 15 13.7

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