Nursing Education

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3/10/13

NURSING EDUCATION OVERVIEW Ø Ø Educational programs that prepare graduates to write a licensing examination must be approved by a state or provincial board of nursing. Boards approve entry-level programs to ensure the safe practice of nursing by setting minimum educational requirements and guaranteeing the graduate of the program is an eligible candidate to write a licensing examination. 3/10/13 .

In Pakistan all the Nursing institutions must be registered with PNC. the successful qualifying nurses are issued PNC license to practice nursing. candidates must pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) to obtain a license to practice nursing. the licensure examination is administered by the Canadian Nurses Association Testing Service (CNATS).Ø Ø Ø In the United States. 3/10/13 . In Canada. otherwise the un-registered institution’s nurses must set in PNC licensing examination.

Postgraduate programs prepare nurses to practice in various roles as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). 3/10/13 .Ø Ø An LPN or LVN is trained in basic nursing skills to provide client care under the guidance of an RN or other licensed provider.

Nursing Education Programs Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Diploma education Associate degree programs Baccalaureate programs Master’s programs Doctoral programs Staff development and Continuing education 3/10/13 .

in 1860.DIPLOMA EDUCATION Ø Florence Nightingale established the first diploma program at St. Thomas’s Hospital. London. Nightingale’s basic principles of nursing education were: l l l l Placement of the program in an institution supported by public funds and associated with a medical school Affiliation with a teaching hospital but also independent of it A program directed by and staffed with professional nurses A residency to teach students discipline and character 3/10/13 .

l l l Provide general nursing care under the supervision of baccalaureate nurses Assist in the planning of nursing care for clients Assist in the evaluation of nursing care 3/10/13 .ASSOCIATE DEGREE PROGRAMS Ø In 1951 Mildred Montag developed the blueprint for AD programs that would produce a nursing technician whose scope of practice was narrower than that of the professional nurse and broader than the PN’s scope.

Most graduates of baccalaureate programs receive a bachelor of science degree in nursing (BSN).BACCALAUREATE PROGRAMS Ø Ø The first baccalaureate program in nursing was established at the University of Minnesota in 1909 through the efforts of Dr. 3/10/13 . liberal arts. and the sciences related to nursing as well as nursing courses. exercising independent nursing judgment. Richard Olding Beard. l The BSN curricula contain courses in general education. and acquiring professional values and research skills. l Emphasis is placed on developing critical decisionmaking skills.

The need for graduates prepared as administrative personnel for management and clinical positions.MASTER’S PROGRAMS Ø Ø Ø Ø The first master’s education in nursing program began in 1899 at Teachers College in New York The growth in graduate education was first driven by the need to educate qualified faculty for BSN and other types of entry-level programs. To prepare the clinical nurse specialist and advanced nurse practitioner in various areas of specialization 3/10/13 .

3/10/13 . doctor of education (EdD). doctor of science in nursing (DNS).DOCTORAL PROGRAMS Ø Ø Ø Ø There are various doctoral degrees awarded to nurses: The doctor of philosophy (PhD). and doctor of public health (DPH). Graduates of these programs are often prepared as researchers and educators to advance the discipline and profession of nursing.

and increasing skills to fulfill assigned responsibilities.STAFF DEVELOPMENT AND CONTINUING EDUCATION Ø According to the ANA (1990): l Nursing staff development is a process of orientation. consistent with the goals and responsibilities of the employer. 3) Ø In-service education is that phase of the staff development process that occurs after orientation and supports the nurse in acquiring. in-service education and continuing education for the purpose of promoting the development of personnel within any employment setting. 3/10/13 . (p. maintaining.

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