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Type Founded Headquarters Key people
Public 1975 Delhi, India R S Sharma, Chairman & Managing director
National Thermal Power Corporation is the largest power generation company in India. Forbes Global 2000 for 2008 ranked it 411th in the world. It is an Indian public sector company listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange although at present the Government of India holds 89.5% of its equity. NTPC was established as a public sector power utility by Government of India on November 7, 1975. The reason NTPC was created was to bridge the huge electricity supply-demand gap and the State Electricity Boards were not able to cope up with the situation.
2006 through GOI’s Gazette Notification .06. Installed Capacity Derated Capacity Location Coal Source Water Source Transfer of BTPS To NTPC 720 MW 705 MW New Delhi Jharia Coal Fields Agra Canal Ownership of BTPS was transferred to NTPC with effect from 01.
regenerative feed water heating and reheating of steam. The cycle used is “RANKINE CYCLE" modified to include super heating of steam.The thermal (steam) power plant uses a dual (vapour + liquid) phase cycle. . It is a closed cycle to enable the working fluid (water) to be used again and again.
Fan. where it is ground to a powder form.A. This crushed coal is taken away to the furnace through coal pipes with the help of hot and cold air mixture from P. This table is rotated with the help of a motor. Coal is crushed by the crushing action between the rollers and rotating table. The mill consists of a round metallic table on which coal particles fall.The Coal is transported up to the raw coal bunkers with the help of belt conveyors. Coal is transported to Bowl Mills by Coal feeders The coal is pulverized in the Bowl Mill. . There are three large steel rollers which are spaced 120" apart.
Water follows the same path while the steam is sent to superheaters for superheating. This steam and water mixture is again taken to the boiler drum where the steam is separated from water. . Water from the bottom ring header is divided to all the four sides of the furnace. The superheaters are located inside the furnace and the steam is superheated (540"C) and finally it goes to turbine.the density difference the water rises up in the water wall tubes . "Water is partly converted to steam 'as it rises up in the furnace. Water from the drum passes through down comers and goes to bottom ring header.Water from the boiler feed pump passes through economizer and reaches the boiler drum. Due to heat and.
From the boiler. a steam pipe conveys steam to the turbine through a stop valve and through control valves that automatically regulate the supply of steam to the turbine where it passes through a ring of stationary blades fixed to the cylinder wall.000 revolutions per minute . These act as nozzles and direct the steam into a second ring of moving blades mounted on a disc which rotates the blades and its passage of some heat energy is changed into mechanichal energy. The turbine shaft usually rotates at 3.
A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated. The price of copper now makes this impractical. Construction of boilers is mainly of steel. The heated or vaporized fluid exits the boiler for use in various processes or heating applications. In live steam models. because of its better thermal conductivity. Historically copper was often used for fireboxes (particularly for steam locomotives). . BOILER . copper or brass is often used. stainless steel. and wrought iron.
MAIN BOILER: Evaporation Feed water temperature Feed water leaving economizer Drum Super heater outlet Reheat inlet Reheat outlet Drum design Drum operating Super heater outlet Reheat inlet Reheat outlet AT 100% LOAD 700t/hr 247°C 276°C 341°C 540°C 332°C 540°C 158.35 kg/cm2 24.50 kg/cm2 STEAM TEMPERATURE: STEAM PRESSURE: .20 kg/cm2 149.70 kg/cm2 137.00 kg/cm2 26.
COAL DESIGN · Fixed carbon 38% · Volatile matter 26% · Moisture 8% 2.000 kcal/kg 4. OIL · Calorific value of fuel oil · Sulphur content · Moisture content · Flash point . FUEL: WORST 25% 25% 9% 10.1% W/W 66°C 1.5% W/W 1.
When carbon burns completely. carbon dioxide. . hydrogen and usually a small amount of sulphur. it results in the formation of a gas known as carbon dioxide. water vapour.The primary function of oil and coal burning systems the process of steam generation is to provide controlled efficient conversation of the chemical energy of the fuel into heat energy which is then transferred to the heat absorbing surfaces of the steam generator. The combustion elements of a fuel consist of carbon. When carbon burns incompletely it forms carbon monoxide. Combustion is brought about by combining carbon and hydrogen or hydrocarbons with the oxygen in air. When combustion is properly completed the exhaust gases will contain. sulphur dioxide and a large volume of Nitrogen.
TEMPERATURE 3. TURBULENCE 4.1. TIME 2. DESIGN OF BOILER 5. FUEL USED .
. Major factors that assist for efficient combustion are amount of fuel inside the furnace and turbulence.INTRODUCTION: Furnace is primary part of boiler where the chemical energy of fuel is converted to thermal energy by combustion. water-cooled furnaces are used. Furnace is designed for efficient and complete combustion. In modern boilers. which causes rapid mixing between fuel and air.
SLAG TYPE FURNACE 3.1. OIL FIRED BOILER FURNACE . FIRED DRY BOTTOM FURNACE 2.
D FANS 2.1. F. PRIMARY AIR FANS . I.D FANS 3.
Impeller nominal diameter is of the order of 2500 mm. During operation of the fan itself these blades can be replaced one by one. . The fan consists of the following sub-assemblies · Suction Chamber · Inlet Vane Control · Impeller · Outlet Guide Vane Assembly The outlet guides are fixed in between the case of the diffuser and the casing. These guide vanes serve to direct the flow axially and to stabilize the draft-flow caused in the impeller. If excessive wear is noticed the blade can be replaced by a new blade.The induced Draft Fans are generally of Axial –Impulse Type. These outlet blades are removable type from outside. Periodically the outlet blades can be removed one at a time to find out the extent of wear on the blade.
Lubrication and cooling these bearings is assured by a combined oil level and circulating lubrication system. The fan can then be easily adapted to changing operating conditions. The characteristic pressure volume curves of the fan may be changed in a large range without essentially modifying the efficiency. consists of the following components: *Silencer * Inlet bend * Fan housing * Impeller with blades and setting mechanism * Guide wheel casing with guide vanes and diffuser. The rotor is accommodated in cylindrical roller bearings and an inclined ball bearing at the drive side adsorbs the axial thrust.The fan. The blade shafts are placed in combined radial and axial antifriction bearings which are sealed off to the outside. . normally of the same type as ID Fan. The centrifugal and setting forces of the blades are taken up by the blade bearings. The angle of-incidence of the blades may be adjusted during operation.
.P. The fan is driven at a constant speed and the flow is controlled by varying the angle of the inlet vane control. Some amount of the velocity energy is converted to pressure energy in the spiral casing. NDFV type.A. The Special feature of the fan is that is provided with inlet guide vane control with a positive and precise link mechanism. backward curved bladed radial fan operating on the principle of energy transformation due to centrifugal forces. single stage suction. ran if flange mounted design.
they are used to pulverize coal for combustion in the steamgenerating furnaces of fossil fuel power plants.A pulverizer is a mechanical device for the grinding of many different types of materials. . For example.
RING AND BALL MILLS 3.BOWL MILL .BALL AND TUBE MILLS 2.1.MPS MILL 4.
Advantage of pulverized coal Efficient utilization of cheap and low grade coal Flexibility to meet fluctuating load Elevation of bending loser .
The water leaves the drum through the down comers at a temperature slightly below the saturation temperature. In drum type units (natural and controlled circulation) the water is circulated from the drum through the generating circuits and then back to the drum where the steam is separated and directed to the super heater. The flow through the furnace wall is at saturation temperature. Heat absorbed in water wall is latent heat of vaporization creating a mixture of steam and water. The ratio of the weight of the water to the weight of the steam in the mixture leaving the heat absorption surface .WATER CIRCULATION SYSTEM: Water must flow through the heat absorption surface of the boiler in order that it be evaporated into steam.
COMBINES CIRCULATING SYSTEM . NATURAL CIRCULATING SYSTEM 2. CONTROLLED CIRCULATING SYSTEM 3.1.
In the water walls a part of the water is converted to steam and the mixture flows back to the drum. Water entering the drum flows through the down comer and enters ring heater at the bottom. Remaining water mixes with the incoming water from the economizer and the cycle is repeated. . the steam is separated. In the drum. From economizer the water enters the drum and thus joins the circulation system. Entering first the economizer it is heated to about 30-40˚C below saturation temperature.Water delivered to steam generator from feed heater is at a temperature well below the saturation value corresponding to that pressure. and sent to super heater for super heating and then sent to the high pressure turbine.
This system is applicable in the high sub-critical regions (200 kg/cm²). circulation is to be assisted with mechanical pumps to overcome the frictional losses. .Beyond 80 kg/cm² of pressure. To regulate the flow through various tubes. orifice plates are used.
and hence once through system is adopted. A typical operating pressure for such a system is 260 kg/cm². phase transformation is absent. it has been found that even at super critical pressure. However. it is advantageous to recirculate the water through the furnace tubes and simplifies the start up procedure. .Beyond the critical pressure.
The ash produced in the boiler is transported to ash dump area by means of sluicing type hydraulic ash handling system. Ash water system and Ash slurry system. which consists of Bottom ash system. .
The ash is continuously transported by means of the scraper chain conveyor onto the respective clinker grinders which reduce the lump sizes to the required fineness. the bottom ash can be discharged directly into the sluice channel through the bifurcating chute bypass the grinder. The position of the flap gate in the bifurcating chute bypasses the grinder. The crushed ash from the bottom ash hopper from where the ash slurry is further transported to operation. .In the bottom ash system the ash discharged from the furnace bottom is collected in two water compounded scraper through installed below bottom ash hoppers.
clinker grinder sealing scraper bars. bottom ash hopper spraying. cleaning nozzles. flushing apparatus jetting nozzles for all fly ash hoppers excepting economizer hoppers. is trapped from low pressure water rings mainly provided in the plant area. . scraper conveyor make up. Low pressure water required for bottom ash hopper seal through make up. economizer hopper flushing nozzles and sluicing trench jetting nozzles is tapped from the high pressure water ring mainly provided in the plant area. bottom ash hopper seal through flushing. High pressure water required for bottom ash hopper quenching nozzles.
. reducer and butterfly valve and portion of slurry pump delivery line consisting of butterfly valve. Slurry pump suction line consisting of reducing elbow with drain valve. pipe & fitting has also been provided.Bottom ash and fly ash slurry of the system is sluiced upto ash pump along the channel with the acid of high pressure water jets located at suitable intervals along the channel.
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