El reino de este mundo The Kingdom of This World

Alejo Carpentier


Island of Hispaniola

The French & St. Domingue

The name Haiti, or Ayiti in Creole, is from the TainoArawak peoples, meaning “mountainous country.”

Afro-Cuban art movement

Establishing who, what, where, when, why in the 3 novels:
Many years later, as he faced I came to Comala because they the firing squad, Colonel told me my father, a certain Aureliano Buendía was to Pedro Páramo, lived there. remember that distant afternoon when his father took him to discover ice. Of the twenty stallions brought to Cap Francais by the ship’s captain, who had a kind of partnership with a breeder in Normandy, Ti Noel had unhesitatingly picked that stud with the four white feet and rounded crupper which promised good service for mares whose colts were coming smaller each year.


Generally hospitable, relatively advanced civilization.

When the Spaniards arrived there were 34,000,000 inhabitants

1492—Columbus claimed the island of Hispaniola for Spain. st The New World’s 1 settlement, La Navidad, was built on Haiti’s north coast.

The French & St. Domingue


Blancs Affranchis African slaves

Declaration of the Rights of Man


François Mackandal


http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=kpeLdXeIbwA Haitian voodoo (vodú, voudoun)


Leger Felicite Sonthonax

Louis XVI

The French Revolution

Toussaint Louverture

General Dessalines

Emperor [self-appointed] 1804-06. Born a slave, served under Toussaint L’Ouverture. Won independence in 1804, named governor for life, then crowned self emperor [like Napoleon]. He instituted forced labor, was ambushed, killed and succeeded by Henri Christophe.

General Henri Christophe

Sans Souci

San Souci, history http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=tOwBMOKPPVo

http://www.galenfrysinger.com/h enri_christophe.htm

http://www.traveladventures.org/ continents/southamerica/palace -sans-souci-milot01.shtml


Jean Pierre Boyer

Abraham Brunias


Paul et Virginie

conch shell



racial classifications
Eur. m + Indig. f = mestizo
Eur. m + mestizo f = castizo Eur. f + castizo m = espomolo

Eur + African = mulatto
Euro + mulatto = moor Euro m + moor f = albino Euro m + albino f = throwback Throw m + Indig f = wolf

wolf m + Ind. f = zambiago
zambiago m + Ind. f = cambujo cambujo m + mulatto f = borquino 16 in Mexico; 64 in Brazil


Pauline Bonaparte


1792: Slavery abolished in France but not in colonies 1793: Sothanax abolished slavery in Haiti 1802: Napoleon reestablished slavery 1807: Great Britain prohibits the slave trade 1808: US prohibits importation of African slaves 1815: Napoleon abolished slave trade for France 1824: Abolition of slavery in Central American 1826: Abolition in northern Brazil 1827: Abolition in NY 1848: Abolition in French and West Indian colonies 1853: Abolition in Argentina 1854: Abolition in Venezuela 1863: Emancipation Proclamation; Abolition in Dutch colonies 1865: Abolition in US 1873: Abolition in Puerto Rico 1880-86: Abolition in Cuba 1888: Abolition in Brazil

La Citadelle

http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=r5TRMY-lOY&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=bqcvVPvmz6k&feature=relate d

Serra Pelada—gold mine in Brazil http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1SOCFPMGEak&feat ure=related

San Souci

Americanized saints and virgens

Presidential palace before

Presidential palace now

Contemporary Haiti


tremendous poverty


Port –au-Prince 2010

Port au Prince today [2010]

Tent city

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