You are on page 1of 17

STRUCTURE 1 MODUL 4

UT Korea Wilayah Utara – Spring 2013 Frida Ferdani Putri

Prepositions

Preposition

Kata depan Menunjukkan hubungan antara noun(kata benda) atau pronoun (kata ganti) dengan kata lainnya

Examples of Preposition
Prepositio n
About For After From To

Makna
Tentang, kira-kira Untuk, akan Setelah, seperti Dari, mulai, sejak Untuk, ke, kurang, hingga

Contoh
I read a book about Indonesian culture. He has left about 1 hour ago. This is a gift for you I will clean the dishes after eating. He is named after his grandfather There is a package from your mother. She has been dancing from childhood. Happy birthday to you. I will go to school. It is 10 to 9 now. The office hour is 9 to 5.

Into

Ke dalam, menjadi

He fell into the river. She folded the paper into two.

Examples of Preposition
Prepositio n
With

Makna
Dengan, serta, bersama, karena

Contoh
I will shoot the snake with my gun. Bring some food with a drink. I will go with you everywhere. My eyes were dim with tears. This song was written by his brother. He goes to office by bus, I know him by name only. This chair is made of wood. He died of lung cancer. I have specific hour of prayer. I always dream of going abroad.

By

Oleh, dengan, dari

Of

Dari, karena, untuk, tentang

Examples of Preposition
Prepositio n Before In front of Makna Sebelum (waktu) Di depan (lokasi) Contoh I will come before seven. There is a guy standing in front of my house. I can’t come because I’m sick. I can’t come because of sick. We will go across the park. The man swam across the river

Because - Memberikan alasan because of across Melalui (daerah yang luas) Dari satu sisi ke sisi lainnya Melalui (dalam satu sisi/bagian lainnya)

Through

Through a tunnel.

After, afterward

Setelah

Let’s take a nap after lunch. We will have lunch. Afterward we will take a nap

Examples of Preposition
Prepositio n
By Beside / next to Besides Between, among

Makna

Contoh

Mengacu pada informasi By my watch, it’s 10.10 now. dari pihak lain Di samping Tambahan Antara She sat beside me She sat next to me There were some Korean besides us in this class. The lady sits between my dad and my brother. We stood among 200 people yesterday.

Preposition of Place
Prepositi on in Usage Negara, benua Kota atau bagian dari kota Outside area ruangan At Tempat umum alamat Event On Permukaan Nama jalan tanpa nomer In Korea, in Asia In Seoul, in Bandung In the garden, in the street In the kitchen, in the bedroom, in the office. At the station, at the market, at the bank At Jalan Sabang no. 2, at his house At a party, at a funeral, at a dinner On the wall, on the ceiling, on the floor on Jalan Sabang, on 5th avenue Example

Preposition of Time
Preposition Usage Example

In
(Umumnya untuk ‘long period’)

Parts of a day In the morning, in the evening Months Years Seasons Centuries Period In January, in December In 1980, in 2013 In spring, in winter, in autumn, in summer In the 19th century Two weeks’ time, 5 days’ time At 10 o’clock, at lunchtime, at night. At Christmas, at Easter At the age of 25

At
(Umumnya untuk ‘precise time’)

Time Festival Age

Preposition of Time
Preposition Usage Example

On
(Umumnya untuk hari dan tanggal)

Days
Part of a day Date Particular occasion

On Sunday, on Thursday
On Monday morning, on Saturday Evening On June 15th, on August 17th On my birthday, on new year

Articles
 

Articles

Kata sandang Berada di depan kata benda yang diterangkannya

Types of Article
A
 Di depan kata berawalan konsonan atau dilafalkan seperti konsonan. E.g., hospital, user

Indefinite article article

An
 Di depan kata berawalan vokal atau dilafalkan seperti vokal. E.g., apple, hour

Definite article

the

Zero article

A/An

Menjelaskan benda atau orang secara umum
Religion: My brother is a Christian.  Nationality: Teddy is an American  Politics: His father is a Conservative.

Dapat digunakan dengan
Semua bilangan: a hundred  Pecahan: a half  Uang: a dollar  Ukuran atau timbangan: an ounce  Nama penyakit: a headache (kecuali misles, flu, hepatitis, etc)

The

Bisa untuk tunggal (singular) maupun jamak (plural) Merujuk kepada seseorang atau sesuatu yang sudah dikenal atau diketahui sebelumnya
 That

is the man that we met in the school yesterday.  Those are the books that I’ve been looking for.

di depan benda-benda yang nyata walaupun tidak tahu benda mana yang dimaksud
 He

went to the bank this morning.

di depan superlative degrees
 She

is the best student in her class.

The

di depan kata sifat untuk menunjukan benda jamak

The poor, the blind, the rich, the young

Di depan nama negara yang terdiri dari collective nouns

The United States, The United Kingdom, The Netherlands

Di depan nama danau, laut, lautan, sungai, gurun, hutan

The Pacific Ocean, the Gobi Dessert

Di depan nama universitas jika kata “university” di depannya

The University of California

Zero Article

Di depan plural nouns jika yang dimaksud adalah bersifat umum

Doctors are paid better than teachers.

Di depan kata uncountable nouns jika yang dimaksud adalah bersifat umum

Oil is produced in Indonesia.
Captain Smith is the pilot of this airplane

Di depan nama atau jabatan orang

Di depan nama benua, negara, kota, negara bagian, provinsi

Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia

Zero article

Di depan nama pelajaran, kecuali sebagai noun modifier
 

I will take economics next semester. The biology books are very thick

Di depan nama bahasa, kecuali sebagai noun modifier
 

I have been studying Korean for 2 years I will take the Korean course next week.

Di depan nama permainan, olahraga, atau kegiatan yang bersifat rekreasi, kecuali sebagai noun modifier

David plays football We enjoyed the football match.
Your lunch will be ready in a minute

Di depan nama-nama makanan