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Click to edit Master subtitle style Chittoor(11152) -Sneha -Ankit Khandelwal() -Jagdish Devjani() -Dixesh Shah()
• 3/12/13 . Due to issues like mergers and acquisition the focus on people as a means of change has become imperative.Introduction • OD is concerned with development of individuals in an organization: person focused.
These interventions involve partnership between: 1. 3/12/13 . • Participants (individuals) Facilitators(behaviorial science experts) 2.Typology of person focused interventions • All person focused interventions focus on individuals working in organizational contexts.
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Participant active interventions Encounter groups Role playing Instrumentation Self-study and reflection Awareness expansion Facilitator active interventions Psychodynamic methods Motivation arousal Training Feedback Assessment and development centers Coaching and mentoring 360-degree feedback 3/12/13 .
their basic position and other issues.Encounter Groups • Its purpose is to provide participants with intense experiences designed to help them examine their ways of interacting with others. their styles of self-presentation. Participants work in groups of 8-12 people for 1-2 weeks The groups work without any agenda 3/12/13 and with only limited facilitator • • .
Cognitive Dissonance Theory 3/12/13 .Models of Encounter Groups • • 1. Lewin’s model 2.
in which new norms and rules are formed. 3/12/13 • • • Refreezing : It occurs when the . Movement : Stimulated by the group experience itself. unexpected behavior of the facilitator and open feedback.Lewin’s model • There are three stages: Unfreezing: It is stimulated by the non directive.
Cognitive Dissonance Model • Dissonance is the discrepancies between the actual and the expected in at least the following 4 areas: – Participants expectations of trainer and actual trainer behavior Participant’s self-concept and actual laboratory behavior Participants expectation of group’s reactions and the group’s actual reactions. – – 3/12/13 .
Limitations of EG • Facilitators need to be highly skilled and trained. EG requires minimum of 8 and maximum of 12 participants. In the early stages EG’s produce high anxiety among participants. EG requires at least 1 week’s duration 3/12/13 • • • .
It is useful for helping participants explore personal and interpersonal dynamics in organizational life • 3/12/13 .Role Playing • It is a conscious attempt to simulate and examine roles played in real life.
Interpersonal Orientation. Autonomy Internalization of learning. Self Assessment 3/12/13 . Leadership and group work.• • • • • • Perception of other’s feelings.
In SAFI participants take initiative 3/12/13 and use scores they receive on • • • . These are increasingly being used for OD interventions. Self-awareness through feedback on instruments (SAFI) is a very powerful intervention. questionnaires.Instrumentation • Psychological tests. projective techniques. checklists are called instruments.
Prediction: The participants predict their scores to refect their self perceptions and understanding of 3/12/13 their own styles and behaviors . 2. 3.9 Steps of SAFI 1. Completion of Instrument. Conceptual input: The participants read the theory and related concepts they completed to familiarize them with the conceptual framework of he instrument.
SAFI • • • Enables early Engenders fear Advantages Disadvantages and easy of exposure learning theory Relieves Promotes potential growth personal tension involvement and Makes the commitment facilitator an Supplies “expert” quick personalanger Triggers feedback 1515 and anxiety • • • 2/29/2012 3/12/13 .
3/12/13 .Developing an Instrument.