Energy Conversion Engine

Motorcycle Engineering (021) Explain Energy Conversion Engine (DKK – 3)

Target of Lesson
 Student can explain combustion engine concept
 Student can explain electric motor concept  Student can explain electric generator concept  Student can explain fluid pump concept  Student can explain compressor concept  Student can explain refrigeration concept
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Combustion Engine Concept

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Internal of Combustion Engine Heat engine processing the baking happened in itself combustion engine 2. External of Combustion Engine Heat engine which way of obtaining the dissociation energy of diatomic with baking process outside called as external baking engine Teknologi dan Rekayasa .Definition In general combustion engine in for becoming: 1.

Internal Combustion Engine Compressor Combustion Chamber Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

External Combustion Engine Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Work Principle
THREE FACTORS DETERMINING ENGINE PERFORMANCE

Fuel

Compression

Ignition

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Work Principle
Gasoline

Air
Spark Combustion Chamber Cylinder
Combustion Gas

Piston

Force Connecting Rod Crankshaft

Rotational force (torque)

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Work Principle
Intake

1

4
Exhaust

Cycle

2
Compression

3
Combustion
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

cycle 4 .Construction Cylinder heads Camshafts Valves Cylinders Pistons Connecting rods Crankshafts 2 .cycle Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Teknologi dan Rekayasa .4 Stroke Engine Engine 4 stroke( tak) be engine which in the one cycles can yield 1 times energy and finalized with 4 piston impulse and 2 revolution crankshaft.

4 Stroke Engine IN EX INTAKE STROKE Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

4 Stroke Engine COMPRESSION STROKE Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

4 Stroke Engine EXPANSION STROKE Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

4 Stroke Engine EXHAUST STROKE Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Teknologi dan Rekayasa .2 Stroke Engine Engine 2 stroke ( tak) be engine which in the one cycles can yield 1 times energy and finalized with 2 piston impulse 1 revolution crankshaft.

PISTON MOVE FROM TMB TO TMA Teknologi dan Rekayasa .2 Stroke Engine 1.

2 Stroke Engine 2. PISTON MOVE FROM TMA TO TMB Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

2 Stroke Engine 3. PISTON MOVE FROM TMA TO TMB Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

PISTON MOVE FROM TMA TO TMB Teknologi dan Rekayasa .2 Stroke Engine 4.

2 Stroke Engine 5. PISTON MOVE FROM TMB TO TMA Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Electric Motor Concept Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

and magnetic field strength. big of current. Teknologi dan Rekayasa .Definition Electromagnetic force ( left hand Fleming Rule ) Biggest electromagnetic force scale when direction of vertical magnetic field with current. and increases is proportional with conductor length.

This connection called as left hand principle Fleming. If left hand finger is bended [by] like drawing beside. current and strength ( impulse ) always permanent like shown in to be upper.Left Hand Fleming Rule Relation between direction of magnetic force lines. Thumb : direction of Impulse Hand finger : direction of Electric current Forefinger : Magnetic force lines Teknologi dan Rekayasa . hence the hand radius will show different direction.

so that coil creates impulse to turn around. and magnetic force yielded based on left hand principle Fleming. current flows with opposite orientation to left side and right.Left Hand Fleming Rule Like shown to drawing. because this revolution takes place continuous. hence required by commutator and brush. Teknologi dan Rekayasa . when coil packed into a magnetic field.

This called as revolution principle of motor. Teknologi dan Rekayasa .Base Work Division which towards conductor cord north pole and which towards antartic receives force from vertical direction at the oposite so that rotary conductor cord.

Electric Motor Construction Armature Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Electric Generator Concept Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Teknologi dan Rekayasa . strain will be yielded and lamp will blaze. On the contrary if permanent magnet in place of hence lamp will die.Function of electromagnetic induction and induction of electromotive  Showing above drawing a magnet is moved quickly in a coil.  If magnet moved like that in coil.

thumb shows direction of conductor impulse and hand finger shows direction of induction electromotive force. Teknologi dan Rekayasa . conductor residing in depth moved and direction of induction electromotive force ( direction of electric current ). if electrical hand finger is bended [by] hence forefinger will show direction of magnetic force lines.Right Hand Rule A phenomenon so-called right hand law happened between magnetic force lines directions. Like shown to drawing.

Electromotive force Level of electromotive force changes is proportional with elements following:  Magnetic force strength  Conductor length ( magnetic induction increases if length to increase)  Speed of rotary conductor Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

conductor must continuously protected from magnetic flux.Rectification of Electromotive force To yield continuous electromotive force. This thing can be reached by the way of making rotary conductor in magnetic field or with magnet and conductor in a state of keeping quiet in place. Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Rectification of Electromotive force An alternating current generator usually applied to yield energy. If this electricity applied as it is ( alternating current ) hence called as alternating current generator. electromotive force at fickle coil. Electromotive force yielded in this way is called as alternating current electromotive force. Teknologi dan Rekayasa . When rotary coil at a speed of permanent in magnetic field.

so that strain AC induceed in lighting coil or charging coil. magnetic flux in peripatetic stator with impulse repeatedly. Direct alternating current applied for equipments using source of electricity AC like headlight. While to filling battery. Teknologi dan Rekayasa . alternating current experiences concurrent by diode before doing impregnation.Generator When rotary power wheel.

Fluid Pump Concept Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

oil or lubricating oil. The fluid the example is water. and other fluid of which is compress not able to. Teknologi dan Rekayasa .Definition Pump is one of functioning engine type to remove fluid from a place to place wanted.

Pump Mechanism Water Reservoir Pressure pipe Water source Pump Electric motor Inlet pipe Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Pump Work Principle Exhaust flow Pump House Shaft Inlet flow Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

How To Work  Pump shaft will rotate if the rotary actuator.  Because rotary pump shaft of impeller with rotary impeller blades  The fluid in it will rotate so that accentual and the speed rising and thrown from middle pumped to passage which is in the form of volut or spiral then out through nozzle Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Teknologi dan Rekayasa .How To Work Function of pump impeller is change mechanical energy that is revolution of impeller becomes fluid dissociation energy of diatomic ( fluid).

Pump Classification Based on Impeller Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Pump Classification Based on House Pump Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Pump Classification Based on Inlet Two Inlet flow Shaft One Inlet flow Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Pump Classification One level Pump Pressure Part Pump Shaft Bearing Inlet Part House Pump Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Compresor Concept Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Teknologi dan Rekayasa .Definition Compressor is Compress device or air compression equally compressor is compressed air producer. air has higher level dividing valve Compared to area air pressure (1 atm). Because compression process.

Construction Inlet valve Cylinder Exhaust valve V-belt Air Exhaust Air Tank Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

How To Work  Inlet Stroke Compressor inlet air because dividing valve in platen lower than 1 atm Inlet valve Cylinder Connecting rod Exhaust valve Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

How To Work  Compression Stroke Air in compressor is compression. pressure and air temperatur increase Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

How To Work  Exhaust Stroke Because compress atmospheric pressure. valve to external opened and compressed air out cylindrical Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Classification Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Compressor Type Vane Compressor Shaft Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Compressor Type Root Type Compressor External Root Drive Shaft Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Compressor Type Screw or Pitch Type Compressor Pitch Air Pressure Flow Drive shaft Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Compressor Type Single Work Piston Compressor Crankshaft Main Bearing Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Compressor Type Double Work Piston Compressor Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Compressor Type 1 Level Centrifugal Compressor Blade Compressor House Bearing Shaft Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Compressor Type Multi Level Compressor Many blade Air Compression Out Bearing Axis Air Intake Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Air Compression Usage           Atmosphere filler at bicycle tubed tire or car Impurity sprayer at machine parts Brake at bus and Train Pneumatic door at bus and Train Atmosphere donor at aquarium Fans for air conditioner Blower for stove blower Fan ventilator Compressed air at painting Mobile hoist pneumatis Transportasi gas solid pneumatically at chemical industry Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Refrigeration Concept Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

housing or industry. so that each and everyone is residing in at ruagan will feel balmy.Definition Refrigeration engine in general applied for air conditioning a room. This device usualy is called as with Air Conditioning Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Teknologi dan Rekayasa .  Condenser Condenser functions to throw away calorie from area refrigerant  Expansion valve Expansion valve is functioning device refrigerant expansion to so that its(the dividing valve is downwards.Component  Compressor Compressor is as circulation refrigerant actuator to.  Evaporator Evaporator is place where calorie from area is permeated to be used vaporization of refrigerant.

Component Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

How To work Refrigerant in evaporator permeates temperature from the air passing it Change refrigerant from fluid to gas Compressor functions circulation of refrigerant to in system Refrigerant is in the form of semi liquid Refrigerant is made cool so that is in the form of liquid Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

How To work Condition of Refrigerant High Pressure Low Pressure Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

Its(the more characteristic menguntunkan compared to R12 so that R 22 many used for substitution R12 for refrigeration engine Teknologi dan Rekayasa .Refrigerant Refrigerant 12 or R 12 many used at household refrigerating machine and Ac automobile Refrigerant 22.

Teknologi dan Rekayasa .

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