AAKG Security Solutions

IP Addressing
Siddharth Jain

Contents   IP addressing (introduction) Types of addressing schemes  IPv4  Classes  IPv6  Types of allocation   Static Dynamic  Knowing your IP   Knowing a servers IP hosting a domain Connection to the connecting router .

    Most commonly used protocol  Internet Protocol A layer 3 address.IP Addressing   Routers use layer 3 addressing and routing tables Transferring data between layer 3 requires common protocol. with reference to OSI model Logical address given by the network admin Addressing schemes  • IPv4 • IPv6 .

Types of addressing schemes   IPv4 IPv6 .

divided into 4 octets of 8 bit each Approximately 4. allocated in different order .3 billion unique addresses Different classes signify network bits and hosts bits.Types of addressing Schemes (IPv4)     32 bit address For simplification and utility.

. intended for use in very large networks since the 24 bit HOSTID can uniquely identify over 16 million hosts Class B     have a 16 bit NETID and a 16 bit HOSTID intended for moderate sized networks 64000 unique hosts can ne added Class C a 24 bit NETID and an 8 bit HOSTID are intended for small sub networks Class D  are used for multicast applications such as the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol        Class E  addresses begin with a number between 240 and 255 and are used for experimental purposes.Classes …(IPv4)     Class A  has an 8 bit NETID and a 24 bit HOSTID. There are only 126 possible Class A addresses.

4 X 1038 unique addresses IPv6 addresses consist of eight groups of four hexadecimal digits separated by colons Example 2001:0db8:85a3:0042:1000:8a2e:0370:7334 .Types of addressing schemes …(IPv6)       128 bit address Hexadecimal notation Introduced due to exhaustion of IPv4 addresses 3.

Static IP addressing is less cost effective than Dynamic IP Addressing. permanently assigned to the user More reliable Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) To host a gaming website      In contrast a static IP address can become a security risk. because the address is always the same.e.Types of IP address allocation  Static IP Addressing It is constant. i.  .

Types of IP addressing  Dynamic IP Addressing less security risk as the computer is assigned a new IP address each time the host logs on they are cost effective. VPN or game hosting because it is less reliable then Static IP addressing. automatic network configuration Dynamic addressing used by ISP's so that one IP address can be assigned to different users in different sessions Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) assigns each host attached to the router an IP address automatically Dynamic IP addressing preferred less for VOIP.      .

type cmd. hit enter On the promt. type ipconfig/all .To know your IP   Go to start menu.

hit enter On the promt.Connection to the connecting router   Go to start menu. type cmd. type ping -t .

hit enter On the promt. type cmd. type nslookup domain name .To know the hosting server of any domain   Go to start menu.

Queries? .

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