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Structural, Piping, and Welding Drawings

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Structural Drawings
Engineering Design Drawing
Plan view (top view), Elevation view (front view), Bottom section (bottom view) shows overall dimensions, location and size of columns, beams, angles, .. , Detail of connections, typical cross sections, various notes.

Manufacturing (shop or working) Drawing


Detail drawing of all parts of the structure, all dimensions to the nearest 1/16 , location of all holes for connections, detail of the connection parts, required sizes of all materials

Assembly Drawing
Skeleton assembly drawing showing the relationship of various parts to be fitted together in the finished structure

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Structural Drawings
Dimensioning and scale
Dimensioning examples: , 10, 1- 0, 2- 3 , 4- 0, Incorrect dimensioning: 0, 2-03 Scale: = 1- 0 or 1 = 1- 0

Structural Shapes

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Structural Steel Drawings


Structural Materials - Structural steel, Aluminum, Wood, Glass, Concrete (plain and reinforced), structural clay products, and Stone masonry

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Structural Steel Drawings


Trusses A truss is a configuration of structural elements (triangle) that adds strength to a support, bridges and roofs.

Truss members carry tension or compression loads, no bending.

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Roof Truss Detail

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Structural Connections

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Structural Connections Gusset Plate

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Pictorial of Structural Detail

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

Welding Drawings
A welded truss

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

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Welding Drawings

Pulley housing made by casting (A) and by welding (B)

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

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Basic Welds and Symbols

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

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Dimensioning of Welds

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

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Piping Drawings
Double Line Drawing

Single Line Drawing

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

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Piping Drawings

Isometric pipe drawing

Orthographic pipe drawing

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

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Piping Drawings

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

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References for Codes and Standards


ASTM - American Society for Testing Materials
Physical properties of steels, i.e. ASTM A36 is a construction steel with minimum yield strength of 36,000 psi.

NFPA - National Forest Products Association


National Design Specifications for Wood Construction.

ACI - American Concrete Institute


Manual of Standard Practice for Detailing Reinforced Concrete Structures.

Brick Institute of America


Principles of Brick Engineering Principles of Tile Engineering

Ken Youssefi

UC Berkeley

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