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Supporting children to be successful in school and life

Project plan

Vision & Mission


Vision Education is the key to a better future. By investing in education we can unlock this better future for Nicaragua and its children. Mission Hotel con Corazon wants to build a sustainable business, with happy customers. By investing 100% of the profits and our hearts in education we contribute to a better future for Nicaragua and its children.

Goals
We focus on the following children
Different subgroups Individual/ collective What is 300 children to school???? Targets Direct and indirect

What is the role of the foundations

Gap Analysis

Totaal programma

La Laguna en EI organisatie opzetten

Empowerment Internatianal

Onderdelen

Wij bieden dat wat anderen niet hebben zoals psychologen, onderwijsexpert, gezinsbegeleider

Gespecialiseerde organisatie die bijv voedselgeven (comedor sponsoren)

Zelf

Uitbesteden

Facts about Nicaragua


5 million residents 53% of the residents are under the age of 18 (compared with 24% in the Netherlands) 2.3 million live in poverty of which .9 million live in extreme poverty 79% of school age children are enrolled 1 out of 4 births is by an adolescent Only 29% of the children complete primary school Due to poor quality of education it takes 10.3 years to finish 6 years of primary school

Average investment per child in education

200

93 45 28

Nicaragua

Honduras

Latin America

Panama

Approach
Go/ no go Go/ no go

Analysis & Trust


April - June

Planning
July/ Aug What works and what doesnt work Planning
Short term strategy Long term strategy Setting goals Setting framework Designing measurement system

Execution
Sep -->
Execution of project Measurement of effectiveness Evaluations and adjustments Reporting to all stakeholders

Interviews
children teachers parents officials ngos

Data provided by Min of Education Identifying new potential educational organizations Academic research Determining low hanging fruit & executing on it
friends with teachers Trust from parents and officials

Holistic approach

School environment

Teacher

Motivation

Tools Methods

Parents

Stimulation Progress

Transportation

Food

Involved parents
Keep more children in school Have more children promote in a nominal way Have more children go to secondary school Motivation of parents
Showing the benefits to them and their children: higher income for the children and hence better retirement for the parents Devising with the parents a way for the children to still be productive for them and being able to go to school

Enabled children
Keep more children in school Have more children promote in a nominal way Have more children go to secondary school Motivation of children
Showing the benefits of the education: Informing children in 4th to 6th grade about different employment opportunities in a playful manner (tours to employers) Tutorials Scholarschips (limited number) to go to secondary/ university

Engaged and professional teachers


Keep more children in school Have more children promote in a nominal way Have more children go to secondary school Motivation of children
Showing the benefits of the education: Informing children in 4th to 6th grade about different employment opportunities in a playful manner (tours to employers)

Gap Analysis
Mucho
Proyecto de largo plazo

Prioridad

Vital para tener xito


xito rpido No prioridad

Menos Fcil

Implementar

Difcil

Design principles
Just giving doesnt work To become successful we need
A holistic approach To work together with locals Execute quickly on low hanging fruit Local leadership and adoption Fulfil existing needs

Multiple strategies/ different approaches might be necessary for different situations/ schools/ children

Reading skills are the root of results


Key lessons from An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education*
Many of the strategies used to rapidly increase access have had negative effects on learning outcomes, at least in the short run, and some of these strategies are difficult to sustain Failure to provide reading skills in the early primary school years is often at the root of weak learning outcomes Expansion and quality improvement can be successfully undertaken together and can have mutually reinforcing effects. Moreover it is difficult to undertake quality retrofitting at a later date.

Focus on reading skills in primary years

* Source: From schooling access to learning outcomes: an unfinished agenda

Reading is the foundation of learning


Reading is considered the foundation of all school learning (Alexander, Entwistle, and Olson 2001), yet Bank-supported projects have rarely contained specific support for improved reading skills in early grades. Adequate resources include:
safe buildings learning materials motivated teachers instructional time (time on task)

The lack of attention to quality arises from the communitys focus on infrastructure.

Source An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education From Schooling Access to Learning Outcomes: An Unfinished Agenda, 2006

Improving learning outcomes


Main factors to improve learning outcomes
explicit political commitment to improved learning outcomes systems to measure student learning outcomes increased instructional time improved teacher skill and morale increased textbook availability enhanced community involvement outcome-oriented management of schools Work with tutors for children who lack behind Develop a program for the teachers

Source: More Children are Going to School, but Learning Outcomes are Often Neglected Juli 2006, World Banks Independent Evaluation Group

WFP Country Programme Nicaragua


Children aged 8 and above work on farms during harvests (coincides with the final 2 months of the academic year) School feeding has a positive impact on enrolment and attendance. Attendance grew from 88 percent to 91 percent

Develop alternative solutions with the parents and teachers

Investigate schooling feeding program

Parents play a crucial role


Lower quality parenting behaviours are a key factor behind the deficits in school readiness of low-income children in the United States.*

Start a program focussed on informing the parents

*Source: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/news/2008/367.html

Cash transfers to parents worked to increase enrolment


Cash transfers to parents worked to increase enrolment Conditions: School quality should be good Quid pro quo: what are the parents doing in return Investigate alternatives for cash (providing work for the parents and/ or labour during harvest periods) Note: this will take attention away from the education. Implement in later stage.
Source An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education From Schooling Access to Learning Outcomes: An Unfinished Agenda, 2006

QuickTime en een TIFF (LZW)-decompressor zijn ve reist om d eze afbeelding weer te g even.

Measurement is crucial

QuickTime en een TIFF (LZW)-deco mpressor zijn ve reist om de ze afbeelding weer te ge ven.

Source An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education From Schooling Access to Learning Outcomes: An Unfinished Agenda, 2006

Measurement system
There is a standard which states what number of words children should be able to read words per minute at the end of each grade*
End of second grade End of third grade End of fourth grade 60 90 110

We will measure the number of words and the weight, height and vision of children at a 6 month interval and their understanding of the text (3 questions)
Name Grade Age Height Weight Vision Number of words Answers to 3 questions

* Source World Bank video 2005

Multiple strategies
Children Additional steps

Primary school Focus on reading skills for Mechanisms to stimulate

pre-scolar and 1st and 2nd parents to send their grade children to school Focus on perspectives for Improving teaching skills of secondary school for 6th teachers grade (scolarships and information about professions) TBD

Secondary school

Roll out strategy


Increase sponsorship of Empowerment International as main partner
$100 per child per year, currently have 200 children in their program

Identify and build relationships with other existing NGOs


Start new project in Las Lagunas (with the help of Empowerment International)
Slowly but surely First build up then break-through
BUILDUP

E BR

AK

H UG RO TH

Backup slides

WFP CP Nica costs


Total 5 year budget: $18,5 mln 3 components:
Compenent Support for Improving the Nutrition and Health of Children and Pregnant and Lactating Women Support Access to Education Enhance Livelihood Activities to Improve Household Food Security Support Access to Education Beneficiaries 20,000 Annual costs $ 320k Cost per Beneficiarie $ 16,15

175,000 30,000

$ 2,727k $ 216 k

$ 15,64 $ 7,20

Corn-soya blend 30 gram Maize 45 gram Yellow split peas 35 gram Vegetable oil 10 gram Dried skim milk 7.8 gram 505 kcal 16% from protein

Historia Hotel con Corazn


2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Naci la idea para empezar un proyecto para ayudar el desarrollo de Nicaragua Financiar el hotel por acciones y donaciones Comprar el lugar y inicio de el reconstruccin Inauguracin de hotel Inicio de proyectos para el desarrollo de los nios y nias

QuickTime en een TIFF (ongecomprimeerd)-d ecompressor zijn ve reist om d eze afbeelding weer te g even.

El proyecto tena que ser sostenible para limitar la dependencia del dinero de los donantes

Principios fundamentales
Solo dar no es efectivo Para tener xito tenemos que
Incorporar todos los factores de influencia Cooperar con los padres, los profesores, los oficiales, los nios Analizar y realizar Liderazgo local Actuar en necesidades

Diferentes estrategias serian necesario para diferentes escuelas, situaciones, nios

Holistic approach

School environment

Teacher

Motivation

Tools Methods

Parents

Stimulation Progress

Transportation

Food

Factores de influencia

Ideas de los padres

Distancia

Trabajo

Uniformes

Comida

Disminucin de motivacin

Profesores

Factores de influencia
Concienciar a los padres a travs de charlas sobre la importancia de estudio (por ejemplo con videos) Ideas Forma de transporte para prevenir que nios llegan cansados o mojados

de los padres

Distancia

Trabajo

Ofrecer uniformes y zapatos por nios

Uniformes
-mejorar el ambiente de las aulas -- pizarras (acrillas) -- pintar la escuela -Escritorios para los profesaros que ellos pueden mejor atender a los nios - dotar juegos de parque, sobre todo para los de prescolar -tiles escolar para los alumnos -Activadas extraescolares (ingles, danza, msica, teatro) -- Motivar los nios

Comida
Mejorar la almuerzo (cocinar en la escuela) Introducir desayuno (leche con galletas)

Disminucin de motivacin

Profesores

Salud
Programa integral de salud (vitaminas, minerales, lavar los dientes, educacin sexual)

Gap Analysis
Mucho

Vital para tener xito

Menos Fcil

Implementar

Difcil

Estimated cost of building own organisation


What
Supervisor Home visits Actividades extra scolar

Costs
C$ 60,000 per year C$ 36,000 per year C$ 36,000 per year

Number
1 3 1

Total
C$ 60,000 C$ 108,000 C$ 36,000

Cocinera Breakfast
Programma integral de salud Otras cosas Total

C$ 36,000 per year C$ 312,500 (5 por dia * 250 ninos * 250 dias) per year
C$ 30,000 (10 por mes *250 ninos * 12 meses) C$ 150,000

1 1
1 1

C$ 36,000 C$ 312,500
C$ 30,000 C$ 150,000 C$ 732,500

With breakfast: $ 36,625 per year, $ 146,50 per child Without desayuno: $ 21,000 per year, $ 84 per child

Ranking the factors

Findings
Lower quality parenting behaviours are a key factor behind the deficits in school readiness of low-income children in the United States.* Many of the strategies used to rapidly increase access, such as big bang fee reductions, use of contract teachers, double-shifting, and auto- matic promotion, have had negative effects on learning outcomes, at least in the short run, and some of these strategies are difficult to sustain.** Failure to provide reading skills in the early primary school years among both the advantaged and disadvantaged is often at the root of weak learning outcomes.** Expansion and quality improvement can be successfully undertaken together and can have mutually reinforcing effects. Moreover, competing pressures may make it difficult to undertake quality retrofitting at a later date.**

*http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/news/2008/367.html ** FROM SCHOOLING ACCESS TO LEARNING OUTCOMES: AN UNFINISHED AGENDA

Approach

Biggest successes (3)

Biggest hurdles (3) Total of children in program Total paid staff Total volunteers Annual cost to run the organisation