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Laboratory Session 3

Tissue
 There are four types of tissue:  Epithelial tissue  Connective tissue  Muscle tissue  Nervous tissue

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jpg .bu. alveoli (lung).Simple squamous epithelium  Function: passage of materials  Location: glomerulus (kidney). endothelium (capillaries) Simple squamous epithelium from: http://www.edu/histology/i/16002hoa.

esophagus.edu/biology/Wags/histopage/colorpage/cep/cepssq. anus. mouth. vagina Stratified squamous epithelium from: http://www.Stratified squamous epithelium  Function: protection  Location: skin.GIF .udel.

Simple cuboidal epithelium  Function: secretion and absorption  Location: tubules of the kidney.6-9.jpg . glands (e. thyroid) and ducts Simple cuboidalepithelium from: http://science.g.edu/Course/BIOLOGY/1409/cuboidal2.tjc.

jpg .com/biosci/ap/histology_mh/swgland.mhhe. mamary glands Stratified cuboidal epithelium from: http://www.Stratified cuboidal epithelium  Function: secretion  Location: larger glands and ducts e.g.

small intestines.us/tchrpges/sghs/ksulkowski/images/20_Simple_Colu mnar_Epithelial_Tissue.jpg .stegen.mo. secretion.k12.Simple columnar epithelium  Function: absorption. uterus Simple columnar epithelium from: http://www. protection  Location : stomach.

com/3293/2857703736_9ef8b32b38.flickr.jpg . portion of male uerethra Uploaded by jkilham on: http://farm4.Pseudostratified cloumnar epithelium  Function: secretion cilia  Location: respiratory tract.static.

edu:8080/dspace/bitstream/19716/2224/1/cute. urinary bladder.GIF . proximal urethra Transitional epithelium from: http://dspace.udel. protection  Location: ureters.Transitional epithelium  Function: distensibilty.

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Fluid/ Liquid connective tissue Blood  Function: transportation  Location: cardiovascular system Blood from: http://lifesci.rutgers.edu/~babiarz/Histo/Blood/Smear2.jpg .

edu/depts/Biology/HotPot/Images/A&P/connective_tissue_loose_ areolar.jpg .Loose connective tissue Areolar tissue  Function: surrounds and supports organs. packing  Location: below epithelia e. skin.g. between muscle.tvcc. around capiliaries Areolar tissue from: http://www.

cushioning. around eyeballs and kidney Adipose tissue from: http://www.tvcc.edu/depts/Biology/HotPot/Images/A&P/adipose_tissue.Loose connective tissue Adipose tissue  Function: energy reserve. hypodermis.jpg . adipocytes insulator. breasts. protection  Location: within joints.

can be pulled in one direction  Location: tendons and ligaments Dense regular tissue from: http://www.jpg .Dense connective tissue Dense regular  Function: attachment: resist tensile stress.edu/histology/i/01302hoa.bu.

Dense connective tissue Dense irregular  Function: withstand tension in any direction  Location: capsules of organs and joints. dermis of skin Dense irregular tissue from: http://www.pathguy.jpg .com/histo/052.

Structural/ Hard connective tissue: Cartilage Hyaline cartilage  Function: flexible support.edu/depts/Biology/HotPot/Images/A&P/hyaline_cartilage. trachea.jpg . reduces friction  Location: larynx.tvcc. nasal septum. ends of bone Hyaline cartilage from: http://www.

epiglottis Elastic cartilage from: http://www. maintains shape  Location: pinna.cytochemistry.net/microanatomy/bone/ecartilage.jpg .Structural/ Hard connective tissue: Cartilage Elastic cartilage  Function: very flexible.

shock absorber  Location: intervertebral disks. pubic symphysis Fibrocartilage from: http://science.tjc.6-11.jpg .edu/Course/BIOLOGY/1409/fibrocartilage1.Structural/ Hard connective tissue: Cartilage Fibrocartilage  Function: tensile strength.

movement. support.Structural/ Hard connective tissue Osseous tissue  Function: protection.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/labs/bone1. red blood cell formation  Location: bone Bone from: http://www.jpg .

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jpg . nuclei striated. multinucleated. nuclei at periphery.edu/home/bio567/pages/newtissues/Skeletal%20muscle %2003a. generate heat Longitudinal section Skeletal muscle l. from: http://clcpages.Skeletal muscle  Characteristics: long.s.clcillinois. voluntary  Function: movement.

branched.jpg .Cardiac muscle  Characteristics: striated. intercalated disks.net/08_016. involuntary  Function: propels blood Intercalated disk Cardiac muscle from: http://www.cytochemistry. uninucleated (most times).

involuntary  Function: propels substances along passageways Smooth muscle from: http://www.Smooth/Visceral muscle  Characteristics: lacks stiations. central nuclei.gif .daviddarling. uninucleated. spindle shaped cells.info/images/smooth_muscle.

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axon  Function: transmit electrical impulses  Location: brain. spinal cord. nerves Neurons from: http://legacy. body.kctcs.jpg .edu/gcaplan/anat/Histology/neuron20X.owensboro.Nervous tissue  Structure: dendrite.

Neuroglia .

Hoehn (2010). T.•McConnell. H. Taylor (2009). Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology. E. L. J. N. Hull. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. •Martini. (2006). Benjamin Cummings. (2011) Human Form. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. San Francisco. F. Memmler's Structure and Function of the Human Body. human function: Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology. Benjamin Cummings. H. •Marieb. and K. Human Anatomy and Physiology. •Cohen. Baltimore. Baltimore. J. San Francisco. B. and K. . and J.