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Laboratory Session 3


The skin The integument from: http://faculty.jpg .edu/FACULTY/TFischer/AP1/skin.irsc.

jpg .uwa.Layers of the Skin  The skin is divided into three main layers:  Epidermis  Dermis  Hypodermis/ Subcutaneous layer Skin histology from:

The Epidermis  The epidermis of the skin is composed of four/ five layers:  Stratum basale – basal layer. visible only in thick skin  Stratum corneum – horny layer.cvhs.jpg .okstate. 10 -25% of cell are melanocytes  Stratum spinosum – prickly layer  Stratum granulosum – granular layer  Stratum lucidum – clear cells continuously divide to produce keratinocytes. 20-30 layers thick of dead cells Skin from: http://instruction.

org/histology/fieldTrip/thinSkin.Pigmented Skin: Melanocytes Thin skin from: http://protonbeam.jpg . skin  Thin skin:  has a thin stratum corneum  is devoid of the stratum lucidum  covers most of the body surface Thin skin from: .med.

Thick skin  Thick skin:  has a thick stratum corneum  the stratum lucidm is present  can be found on the sole of your feet and the palm of your hands The integument from: .

The Dermis  Two layers:  Papillary layer – of areolar connective tissue. nerve fibers and accessory structures. contains dermal papillae  Reticular layer – of dense irregular connective tissue  Contains blood and lymphatic . Thin skin from: http://protonbeam.


jpg respectfully .jpg and http://www.nku.nku.Nerves  Meissner’s corpuscle  light touch receptor  Pacinian corpuscle  deep pressure receptor  Free nerve endings Nerves from:

soles. .Hair  Hair :  is found all over our skin except the palms. contracts Hair follicle from: http://missinglink. nipples and parts of the genitalia  raises when the arrector pili m.

jpg ous010tc.Sebaceous glands  Sebaceous glands:  secrete sebum  lubricates skin and hair  occur all over the body except palms and soles Sebaceous gland from: http://www.uwa.

edu/~dempseyd/sweat%20gland%20good.nku.Sudoriferous glands  Sudoriferous glands:  engage primarily in thermoregulation  are located all over the body  Modified sweat glands: mammary glands and ceruminous glands Sweat gland from: http://www.jpg .

Nails  Nails:  are modifications of the epidermis  protect the dorsal surface of the distal part of our fingers and toes  are tools Thin skin from: system03_files/image020.jpg .

Functions of the Skin  Protection  Temperature regulation  Cutaneous sensation  Metabolic function  Blood reservoir  Excretion .


Tissues and the Integument .

. F. J. Benjamin Cummings. human function: Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology. E. (2006). •Martini. Hoehn (2010).•McConnell. •Cohen. H. San Francisco. and K. N. Baltimore. and K. H. B. T. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. •Marieb. and J. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. (2011) Human Form. Taylor (2009). J. Benjamin Cummings. Human Anatomy and Physiology. L. San Francisco. Baltimore. Hull. Memmler's Structure and Function of the Human Body. Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology.