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Almae Tongco Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

3/15/13 .Abraham Maslow Psychologist  first introduced his concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" and his subsequent book Motivation and Personality.

more advanced needs.  3/15/13 .Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other. This hierarchy is most often displayed as a pyramid. while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs.

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Types of Need Deficiency needs  also known as D-needs physiological. and esteem needs these needs arise due to deprivation satisfying these lower-level needs is important in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences. 3/15/13 . social. security.

Types of Need Growth needs  also known as Being needs or B-needs Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something. 3/15/13 . but rather from a desire to grow as a person.

Maslow believed that these needs are the most basic and instinctive needs in the hierarchy because all needs become secondary until these physiological needs are met. food. and sleep. 3/15/13 . air. such as the need for water.Five Levels of the Hierarchy of Needs 1.These include the most basic needs that are vital to survival. Physiologic/Biological needs .

2. but they are not as demanding as the physiological needs. 3/15/13 . health insurance. and shelter from the environment. safe neighborhoods.Security needs are important for survival. Security needs . Examples of security needs include a desire for steady employment.

Social needs . Relationships such as friendships. as does involvement in social.These include needs for belonging. and families help fulfill this need for companionship and acceptance. romantic attachments. community. . love. Maslow considered these needs to be less basic than physiological and security needs. or religious 3/15/13 groups. and affection.3.

4.These include the need for things that reflect on self-esteem. Esteem Needs . personal worth. social recognition. 3/15/13 . and accomplishment.

Self-actualizing needs .This is the highest level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.5. Selfactualizing people are self-aware. less concerned with the opinions of others. concerned with personal growth. and interested fulfilling their potential. 3/15/13 .

Maslow's self-actualizing characteristics Perceive reality efficiently and are able to tolerate uncertainty Accept themselves and others for what they are Spontaneous in thought and behavior Problem-centered rather than self- centered Have a good sense of humor 3/15/13 .

rather than many.Highly creative Concerned for the welfare of humanity Capable of days appreciation of the basic experiences of life Establish deep. people Able to look at life from an objective 3/15/13 . satisfying interpersonal relationship with a few.

1970 due to a heart attack. New York.Abraham Maslow was born April 1. 3/15/13 . 1908 in Brooklyn. He died in California on June 8.

3/15/13 .Thank you.