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ENGLISH REFERENCE VERB TO BE OR SIMPLE PRESENT: USING am, is & are

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Examples in Affirmative, Interrogative & Negative forms: You are a swimmer. Are you a Swimmer? Yes, I am a swimmer. / No, I´m not a swimmer. She is an Engineer. Is she an engineer? Yes, She is an Engineer / No, She is not an engineer. I am a good boos. Are you a good boos? Yes, I´m a good boos / No, I`m not a good boos. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE OR CONTINUOS: Using : Art + am, is, are + verb + ing + .................... Am, Is, Are + art + verb + ing + ...................? I am listening a song in the radio. She is studying English in Harmon Hall SIMPLE PAST Using : Affirmative form. Interrogative form.-------- Examples: Did I go to “Biblos” last night? Did she have a headache yesterday? ----------Affirmative form. Interrogative form.-------- Examples: Am I listening a song in the radio? Is she studying English in Harmon Hall?

Art + verb in past + ................................... . Did + art + verb in present + ........................ ? I went to “ Biblos” last night. She had a headache yesterday ----------

PAST CONTINUOS - PROGRESSIVE Using : Art + was / were + verb + ing + .................... Was / Were + art + verb + ing + ...................? I was studying in my bedroom They were playing base-ball FUTURE Using : Art + will + verb in present + .................... Will + art + verb in present + ...................? I will run tomorrow in the park. He will eat seafoods tomorrow. ----------Affirmative form. Interrogative form.-------- Examples: Will I run tomorrow in the park? Will he eat seafoods tomorrow? ----------Affirmative form. Interrogative form.-------- Examples: Was I studying in my bedroom? Were they playing base-ball?

FUTURE PROGRESSIVE/CONTINUOS Using : Art + am, is, are + going to + verb in present + ............. . Am, Is, Are + art + going to + verb in present + ............. ? She is going to see a film. You are going to make a cake. ----------Affirmative form. Interrogative form.--- Exs:

Is she going to see a film? Are you going to make a cake?

(Seccion de un pàrrafo de ½ hoja para leer y contestar una serie de preguntas de un tema de medicina). Longer time expressions usually come at the begining or end of sentence. ADVERBS OF FRECUENCY: 100% ALWAYS 90 % USUALLY 80 % OFTEN 70 % FRECUENTLY 60 % NORMALLY 50 % SOMETIMES 40 % OCCASSIONALLY 30 % SELDOM. Longer time expressions with all verbs They are late once in a while. RARELY 20% HARDLY EVER 10 % ALMOST NEVER 0 % NEVER USES With the verb To Be EXAMPLES I am usually on time. Ever means “any time” ever Is he ever late? and other adverbs of frecuency Do you ever come late? I don`t ever skip clausses? come after the subject in a question. . I seldom go to class late She rarely goes to class He has never been late.ENGLISH REFERENCE READ & ANSWER THE QUESTIONS. She is rarely late. Ever with questions and negatives. With all other verbs and verbs tenses. NOTES One or two abverbs of frecuency come after to be verb. Once in a while they come late. (Printed Narration and you completed). One or two words adverbs of frecuency come before the main verb or between the auxiliary and main verbs in a statement.

. Examples: Jack isn´t hungry and Mary isn`t either..... * *can. que tuve habilidad de hacerlo) Examples: Jack could speak English well...ENGLISH REFERENCE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS: Using : Art + has /have + been + verb + ing + .. Either and Neither are the opposite of too and so. . Why could´nt she go to the party? *am going to ....... *will ........ *Need to (should) ...... She could´nt swim in the beach.......... I can`t help you and neither can John. They are used to express two identical actions in the negative form...... ....... TOO... Has /Have + been + art + verb + ing + ... SO... ...... Suppositions (Conditionals).... . *may go after class .. Have been I living in Canada during 6 months? PAST PERFECT Using : Art + had + verb in past participle + ....... Affirmative form.. They are used to express two identical actions in the affirmative form. ... Examples: I will work tonight and Martha will too.. They had started a business here when their parents arrived... Mary likes pizza and so does Jack...... FUTURE REAL CONDITIONS........ ..... In the future form: Examples: Example: If I have time...... She had begun her homework when he interrupted her............... Interrogative form.? I have been living in Canada during 6 months.........-------. Has been she enjoying the party? Affirmative form............. *Have to (must) .... EITHER & NEITHER: Too & So have the same meaning but the word order is different.. .Examples: She has been enjoying the party... I. MODALS.. . COULD ( Condicional....

Alan lent his car to Edgar. Deseo. Examples: We ought to study more. He must see them tomorrow. Had´nt we better. isn´t too strong had better not should´nt Interrogative: Should we leave before the concert is finished. I would´nt mind taking the leeter to her personally. OUGHT TO. 60% de posibilidad: It may rain this afternoon. Cuando tu recibes una cosa de alguien prestada.ENGLISH REFERENCE MODALS. Permiso etc) Examples: Negativa: I would´nt invite to the movies. We have an exam next week. WOULD ( Rechazo. 40% de posibilidad: It may snow in Mexico this winter. prestar algo a una persona. MAY: Significa permiso para presente ò futuras acciones (màs posibilidad) Example: You may open the window when it`s hot. SHOULD. had better should Negative: He ought not to take that medicine. MUST = HAVE TO. Example: I would rather go to the movies than the theater. . Would you help me with this? WOULD YOU RATHER and WOULD YOU MIND: Would rather: Significa preferencia a hacer una cosa. his youngest brother. ( Significa Necesidad. Examples: Would you mind opening the door for me? Of course not. HAD BETTER: Expresan una obligaciòn personal que podria llevarse a cabo ò no. Would mind: Expresa si una acciòn crearìa un problema o inconveniencia. the sky is cloudy. LEND and BORROW: Lend significa dar. Examples: Alice borrowed Susan`s sweater because she was cold. Deseo: She would like to see the Mississippi River Disponibilidad: I would take you to work but my car is broke down. MIGHT: Significa permiso: El permiso fue dado anteriormente: (menos posibilidad) Example: He said that we might open the window. Borrow significa pedir. Algo que se debe hacer) Examples: I must go now.

.. Easy = Easier than. Adjetives with 1 òr 2 syllabs.. Do is used in activities.....ENGLISH REFERENCE Make & Do........ “an” es usada cuando la siguiente palabra se escribe con vocal ò tiene sonido de vocal* Examples: an orange.. etc.. Examples: Important = more important than Expensive = More expensive than... Difficult = more difficult than... an old book. a mexican citizen.. an hour*.. etc.. themself He... REFLEXIVES PRONUNS I.. / Do the housework..... Examples: The most important.. Big= Bigger than. The most expensive. a large city... Adjetives with 2 or more syllabs..... etc.... Make is used in manual activities or creation.. The Smallest.. Long = Longer than Good = Better (caso especial). etc. = Both mens the same.. Rule: VERB + ADJETIVE + “ER” + THAN.. Examples: a sandwich.... Use “a” & “an” “a” es usada cuando la siguiente palabra es consonante........ the Oldest. Rule: MORE + ADJETIVE + THAN.yourself They. Examples:Make a cake / Make a song or poem..herself It... COMPARATIVE FORMS... ourself You ...Itself . The most difficult.... The Biggest. an uuniversity.himself She. Examples: Do the homework.myself We . SUPERLATIVES: Adjetives with 1 or 2 syllabs: Rule: THE + ADJ + “EST”. Examples: The best... Rule: THE + MOST +ADJETIVE. Examples: Old = Older than Small = Smaller than. etc... Bad = Worst (caso especial) Adjetives with more than 2 syllabs....

Ejemplo: There is someone outside the classroom. Examples: I go to buy to McAllen alone / by myself. Se usa en forma Negativa è Interrogativa. These = Estos. (lejos). EVERYWHERE = Todo lugar. ANYBODY = Cualquiera. Ejemplo: There is´nt anyone outside the classroom. forma plural (lejos). ANYTHING = Cualquier cosa. NOBODY = Ninguna persona. .ENGLISH REFERENCE REFLEXIVES PRONUNS (Continuation). etc. PRONOUNS PLACE (Affirmative) This = Este. SOMEWHERE = Algùn lugar. Anyone es usado en formas negativas è interrogativas. Se usa en forma afirmativa. Is there anyone outside the classroom?. SOMETHING = Alguna cosa. Those = Aquellos. ANYWHERE = Dondequiera. EVERYBODY = Toda la gente. forma singular. (Affirmative). I can to drive to Reynosa alone / by myself She went to the beach by herself We played cards yesterday by ourselves. Se usa en forma afirmativa.. Verb to be + pronoun place + sentence? (Interrogative). Se usa en forma Negativa è Interrogativa. Pronoun place + verb to be + sentence. EVERYTHING = Todas las cosas. SOMEONE or ANYONE Someone es usado en oraciones afirmativas. Se usa en forma Negativa è Interrogativa. Se usa en forma afirmativa. (cerca). forma singular.. nadie. That = Esa. forma plural (cerca).