You are on page 1of 20



• TITLE: Scrutinize the mathematics curriculum for the year or form your group is assigned to. • Describe the curriculum specification for the statistics component • Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum specification for the statistics component • Write a lesson plan for 70-80 minutes of teaching a statistics or a probability topic. Your lesson plan must include the objectives, the values, the teaching aids used and there must be columns for duration, content, teacher’s discourse and students’ discourse,

•MALAYSIA CURRICULUM •.Is a “scope and sequence” used in education to mean that a description of a curriculum.Sets out all pupils should be taught through curriculum specification content and learning expected.What is curriculum? . .

• • • Malaysian curriculum includes seven Capabilities .• Key elements of curriculum are content • description and achievement standards • organized by learning areas.Literacy .Numeracy Information Communication technology competence Critical& creative thinking Ethical behavior Personal & social competence Intercultural understanding .

exploring and etc.• What is statistics? • It involves identifying problems that can be explored by the use of appropriate data.There are few statistics components as  Gathering – gather data  Displaying – display information when we wish to communicate  Interpretation. .measures range of a data  Inference – cognitive level use to make decisions .

. organizing. line graphs to construct. They also learn to interpret by pictogram. Every level they have their own curriculum specification. analyzing data and presenting reports and summaries. counting & measuring by determine the frequency . collect. • . recording. • There are several level of education. In primary the statistic component students will be learning data handling. bar charts.Lower secondary school – learn to classify.• Curriculum specification to recognize appropriate statistical data for collection and develop the skills of collecting.

for this assignment. • Students learn to calculate mean. upper and lower level. we pick higher learning level (form 4) additional mathematics. . frequency. median and mode when there is an effects on a set of data.• Upper secondary level more to determine boundary of a class in grouped data. • At last. mid point in histograms.

extreme value exists. By this they will learn to determine the most suitable measure of central tendency for the given data .• The curriculum specification to let students understand and use the concepts of measures of central tendency to solve problems by calculating the mean and mode of ungrouped data. • For example: when each data is changed consistently. and certain data is added or removed.

• • • • • We can says that the students learning move from level to level. their knowledge of mathematical and statistical concepts and their use in different situations becomes more sophisticated and they work more • independently. .

overcomes the difficulties of encouraging participation by users.ADVANTAGES OF STATISTICS • • • • • can be analyzed relatively quickly . often required and respected by decisionmakers within the institution. . useful for benchmarking purposes. information is collected in a standardized way.

• social sciences – Statistical helps in describing these measurements more precisely. • Economics – statistical methods are used for collecting and analysis the data and testing hypothesis. . • Banks – bankers use statistical approaches based on probability to estimate the numbers of depositors and their claims for a certain day. • Administrative – statistical methods are used to determine the cost of living.Statistics play an important role • Business – statistics help them to plan the product according to costumers taste.

DISADVANTAGES OF STATISTICS • the statistics given it's impossible to make a decision. • Sample may have different outcome in a single incident. needs or satisfaction with services. • They are not suitable to evaluate users’ opinions. .

• time-consuming to arrange methods of data collection.Continue……… • cannot be generalized to other statistics depending on the subjective topic. . • statistics may not be comparable year-on-year.

Limitations of Statistics • • • • • single observation is not count as a statistics. • inferential statistics involve certain errors. applicable on quantitative data. person who has an expert knowledge of statistics can handle statistical data efficiently. it cannot be applied on heterogeneous data. . the statistical results might be misleading.

5 and 6 they learn to analyze the given data and start to represent the data in the form of graph such as pictograph. • In year 4. – they learn to sort the given ungrouped data according to their similarity – also learn to represent the data in the table form. • to form 1. • In form four they started to learn this topic in detail. 2 and 3 they learn to represent the data in the form of pie chart. histogram and line graph.CURRICULUM SPECIFICATION • statistics topic starts from year 3. .

critical and logical. • allows students to make observations. • the students to be creative thinking. . identify and interpret the data and information. • the students to use statistical concept to solve problems.Benefit of curriculum specification • encourages the students to be more systematic. • enable them to apply mathematical skills in everyday life.

Not suitable for time series type of data Disadvantages .  Most popular measure in fields such as business.g.  It’s accurate and reliable    Affected by extreme values (outliers) This might give a distorted Picture.  It is unique .MEAN Definition Advantages Use the mean to describe the middle of a set of data that does not have an outlier.  Might not exist or distributions might be multiple modal  use in further calculations (e.there is only one answer  Useful when comparing sets of data. engineering and computer science. SD)  Allows combining with results from other similar groups.

Easy to understand Not as popular as mean. Cannot be used in further calculations or combined with median of similar distributions. Useful when comparing sets of data.MEDIAN Use the median to describe the middle of a set of data that does have an outlier. Advantages  Extreme values (outliers) do not affect the median as strongly as they do the mean. It is unique – there is only one answer.    Disadvantages  .

Simple to understand  Only one that can be used for qualitative data  Is an actual observation data.  Extreme values (outliers) do not affect the mode.  Cannot be used in calculations or combined with mode of similar distributions.  Not as popular as mean and median.MODE Definition Use the mode when the data is nonnumeric or when asked to choose the most popular item.  Might not exist or distributions might be multiple modal Advantages Disadvantages .

docx EFFECTS ON MODE.LESSON PLAN statistik\Subject (1). MEDIAN & MEAN .