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**Lecture 2 Refrigeration Cycles
**

By: Addisu Dagne

1

The most efficient refrigeration cycle operating between TL and TH. i.e. as TL rises Schematic of a or TH falls. 2 . But not a suitable model for refrigeration cycles because: (i) process 2-3 involves compression of a liquid–vapor mixture requires a compressor that will handle two phases. (ii) process 4-1 involves expansion of high-moisture-content refrigerant in a turbine. The Reversed Carnot Cycle Both COPs increase as the difference between the two temperatures decreases. Carnot refrigerator and T-s diagram of the reversed Carnot cycle.

and heat pumps. Schematic and T-s diagram for the ideal vaporcompression refrigeration cycle. A-C systems. The refrigerant is vaporized completely before it is compressed and the turbine is replaced with a throttling device. 3 .Ideal Vapor-compression Refrigeration Cycle Is the ideal model for refrigeration systems. The most widely used cycle for refrigerators.

Steady-flow energy balance 4 An ordinary household refrigerator . The P-h diagram of an ideal vapor-compression refrigeration cycle.The ideal vapor-compression refrigeration cycle involves an irreversible (throttling) process to make it a more realistic model for the actual systems. .

and d) the coefficient of performance. (b) 9.7 MPa.Problem Ideal and Actual Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycles 11–12 A refrigerator uses refrigerant-134a as the working fluid and operates on an ideal vapor-compression refrigeration cycle between 0. Determine: a) the rate of heat removal from the refrigerated space.06 5 . The mass flow rate of the refrigerant is 0. (c) 4. Answers: (a) 7. c) the rate of heat rejection to the environment.23 kW. b) the power input to the compressor.12 and 0. 1.83 kW.41 kW.05 kg/s. Show the cycle on a T-s diagram with respect to saturation lines.

Pressure drops in condenser and evaporator. Superheated vapor at evaporator exit. • • Differences Non-isentropic compression. • • Schematic and T-s diagram for the actual vaporcompression refrigeration cycle.mainly due to fluid friction (causes pressure drops) and heat transfer to or from the surroundings. As a result.Actual Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle An actual vapor-compression refrigeration cycle involves irreversibilities in various components . the COP decreases. 6 . Sub-cooled liquid at condenser exit.

7 . b)coefficient of performance.Problem – Class Ideal and Actual Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycles Exercise 11–15 Consider a 300 kJ/min refrigeration system that operates on an ideal vaporcompression refrigeration cycle with refrigerant-134a as the working fluid. The refrigerant enters the compressor as saturated vapor at 140 kPa and is compressed to 800 kPa. and determine the: a)quality of the refrigerant at evaporator inlet. Show the cycle on a T-s diagram with respect to saturation lines. and c)power input to the compressor.

and determine: a)the rate of heat removal from the refrigerated space.83 8 .7 MPa and 50°C.12 kg/s. (b) 82. Disregarding any heat transfer and pressure drops in the connecting lines between the components. Answers: (a) 19. 5.4 kW.06 kW. show the cycle on a T-s diagram with respect to saturation lines.65 MPa. and it leaves at 0. and d)the COP of the refrigerator. The refrigerant is cooled in the condenser to 24°C and 0.5 percent. b)the power input to the compressor. c)the isentropic efficiency of the compressor.14 MPa and 10°C at a rate of 0.Problem Ideal and Actual Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycles 11–18 Refrigerant-134a enters the compressor of a refrigerator as superheated vapor at 0. and it is throttled to 0.15 MPa. (c) 3.

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