You are on page 1of 58

About the Presentations

• The presentations cover the objectives found in the opening of each chapter. • All chapter objectives are listed in the beginning of each presentation. • You may customize the presentations to fit your class needs. • Some figures from the chapters are included. A complete set of images from the book can be found on the Instructor Resources disc.

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration
Chapter 1 Introduction to Windows Server 2008

Objectives
• Discuss clients, servers, and Windows network models • Differentiate among the editions of Windows Server 2008 • Identify Windows Server 2008 hardware requirements

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

3

Objectives (continued)
• Discuss the new Windows Server 2008 technologies • Describe the new roles and features in Windows Server 2008 • Navigate the Windows Server 2008 interface

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

4

Clients, Servers, and Windows Network Models
• Workgroup
– Network of computers that allow each other access to their files, printers, or Internet connection

• By default, all Windows Server 2008 computers are placed in a workgroup named WORKGROUP • Membership status
– Either a single workgroup or a domain

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

5

Domain Model with Active Directory • Domain – Group of users and computers managed by the same security database • Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) – Technology that runs the domain security database • Domain controllers (DCs) – Servers that hosts domain security database • Domain Name System (DNS) – TCP/IP-based standard for resolving computer names with IP addresses MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 6 .

Domain Model with Active Directory (continued) • Group Policy – A way to set up specific configurations for users and computers within an Active Directory domain • Forest – A network of domains related to each other by relationships known as trusts • Transitive trusts – Trusts between Active Directory domains in a tree are created automatically when you create domains MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 7 .

Windows Server 2008 Editions • General editions of Windows Server 2008 – Enterprise. Datacenter. and Standard – Editions designed for special-purpose server applications • Web Server and HPC Server MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 8 .

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 9 .

Windows Server 2008. Standard Edition • Designed for smaller environments and singlepurpose installations • Works as a single domain server for a small business or – A single file/application server in larger environments MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 10 .

Enterprise Edition • Features not available with SE – Significant increase in maximum allowable memory – Active Directory Federation Services (discussed later in this chapter) – Failover clustering – Installation of up to four virtual machines on each physical host – Hot-add memory MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 11 .Windows Server 2008.

Windows Server 2008. Datacenter Edition • Additional features – Ability to run up to 32 processors – Ability to hot-add and replace processors – Installation of unlimited virtual machines on each physical host MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 12 .

Windows Web Server 2008 • Server roles not available – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) – DNS. file server • Does not require client access licenses (CAL) for users MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 13 .

Windows HPC Server 2008 • Designed for high-performance computing (HPC) applications • Accommodates up to thousands of processing cores because it is built on the Server 2008 64-bit architecture model MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 14 .

Windows Server 2008. Without Hyper-V • Hyper-V – Consolidates multiple server roles as separate virtual machines running on a single physical machine – Lets you efficiently run different operating systems in parallel on a single server MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 15 .

and Datacenter editions – Available for servers using Intel Itanium Processors • Itanium processors – Use a different architecture from other 32-bit and 64bit processors MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 16 . Enterprise.Windows Server 2008 for ItaniumBased Systems • Standard.

Windows Server 2008 Hardware Requirements • Microsoft provides minimum and recommended hardware requirements for installing its operating systems • Minimum requirements – Let you install and run a system using minimal resources and services MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 17 .

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 18 .

32-Bit and 64-Bit Processors • 64-bit architectures – Have greater theoretical limit for processing data – Can handle twice the amount of data of a comparable 32-bit product MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 19 .

New Technologies in Windows Server 2008 • This section introduces the following technologies and enhancements – – – – – – – – – Improved installation process Hyper-V Server Core TCP/IP improvements Network Access Protection Server Manager Windows Remote Management PowerShell Group Policy preferences 20 MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration .

New Technologies in Windows Server 2008 (continued) • Activity 1-1: Installing Windows Server 2008. Enterprise Edition • Time Required: 30 to 60 minutes (depending on hardware configuration of lab environment) • Objective: Install a working version of Windows Server 2008 MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 21 .

regional settings. and other settings MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 22 .Improved Installation Process • Requires minimal user input • You no longer have to wait for the installation program to ask for information – Networking information.

Improved Installation Process (continued) • Activity 1-2: Completing Initial Configuration Tasks • Time Required: 20 minutes • Objective: Perform system configuration tasks after installation of Windows Server 2008 MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 23 .

Hyper-V • Virtualization – Allows you to run one or more separate instances of an OS within a single host OS – Allows organizations to consolidate these physical systems onto high-powered servers MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 24 .

Enterprise.Server Core • A stripped-down installation of Windows Server 2008 with a set of available roles and services more limited than in the Full version • Attack surface – Areas of the system that could expose it to security breaches • Can be installed on Standard. and Datacenter editions of Windows Server 2008 – But only during initial installation of the operating system MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 25 .

from malware such as viruses and spyware • Threat sources – Employees accessing the Internet from work and inadvertently install Trojan horses – Remote access to connections from external networks that create a gateway for viruses – Guest computers accessing an internal network that introduce malware to the network MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 26 . both public and private.Network Access Protection • Helps to protect networks.

TCP/IP Improvements • Next-Generation TCP/IP stack – New implementation of the TCP/IP protocol stack – Contains full support for IPv4 and IPv6 • Teredo – IPv6 technology that can encapsulate IPv6 packets as IPv4 packets to allow them to traverse IPv4 networks • Receive Window Auto-tuning – Optimizes the size of data packets a server can accept MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 27 .

Server Manager • Centralizes commands to configuration tools • Allows you to easily manage your server and network MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 28 .

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 29 .

Server Manager (continued) • Activity 1-3: Exploring Server Manager • Time Required: 10 minutes • Objective: Review the features of Server Manager MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 30 .

in a process known as pipelining • Passes results as . passing the result of one command into the next.PowerShell • Now becoming the de facto CLI and scripting language for Microsoft products • Allows you to string together commands.NET objects MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 31 .

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 32 .

Windows Remote Management • Lets administrators manage servers remotely by running management scripts and managing data on remote machines • WS-Management protocol – Public standard for exchanging management data remotely by any device implementing the protocol MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 33 .

Group Policy Preferences • New feature of the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) • Applied but not enforced • Helps to implement Group Policies within your Active Directory environments MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 34 .

New Roles and Features in Windows Server 2008 • Role – Major function or service that a server performs • File Services role – Allows the server to share files on a network MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 35 .

New Roles in Server 2008 • Server role – Defines the specific task that a server is responsible for performing • Roles can be organized into three groups – Active Directory – Infrastructure – Network roles MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 36 .

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 37 .

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 38 .

Active Directory Roles • Windows Server 2008 includes five Active Directory roles – – – – – Active Directory Certificate Services Active Directory Domain Services Active Directory Federation Services Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Active Directory Rights Management Services MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 39 .

Network Roles • DHCP – Network standard protocol used to dynamically allocate and track IP addresses for clients on a network • DNS – Main goal is to match a domain name to an IP address based on a client query for information MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 40 .

Network Roles (continued) • Network Policy and Access Services (NPAS) – Allows you to implement • • • • Network Policy Server Routing and Remote Access Service Health Registration Authority Host Credential Authorization Protocol MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration .

Infrastructure Roles • Active Directory roles that can be installed in Server 2008 – – – – – – – – Terminal Services Fax Services Print Services File Services Hyper-V UDDI Services Web Server (IIS 7) Windows Deployment Services 42 MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration .

Infrastructure Roles (continued) • Activity 1-4: Exploring the Available Roles in Server Manager • Time Required: 15 minutes • Objective: Identify the roles that can be installed in Server Manager using the Add Roles Wizard MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 43 .

0 Framework Windows Desktop Experience Network Load Balancing Group Policy Management Remote Server Administration Tools Windows PowerShell Windows Server Backup Features 44 MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration .New Features • Feature – Similar to a job responsibility performed by a specific role • Features available in Server 2008 – – – – – – – .NET 3.

Roles and Features Management • Server Manager console and Server Manager command-line utility – Used to manage roles and features • Major areas of information within Server Manager – – – – – – Server Summary Roles Features Diagnostics Configuration Storage 45 MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration .

Roles and Features Management (continued) • Activity 1-5: Adding the File Services Role and Windows Server Backup Feature • Time Required: 15 minutes • Objective: Install the File Services role and the Windows Server Backup feature using Server Manager MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 46 .

and remove roles and features in Server 2008 MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 47 . configure.Server Manager Command • A new CLI-based management tool that allows you to effectively – Install.

Server Manager Command (continued) • Activity 1-6: Adding the Print Services Role and PowerShell Feature using Server Manager Command • Time Required: 15 minutes • Objective: Install the Print Services role and the PowerShell feature using Server Manager Command MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 48 .

Windows Server 2008 User Interface • New or improved features in Windows Server 2008 – – – – Start menu Network and Sharing Center Help and Support Windows Desktop Experience MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 49 .

Start Menu • Windows Server 2008 – Incorporates the redesigned Start menu into its UI • Most efficient way to use the Windows Server 2008 Start menu – Use the Start Search text box MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 50 .

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 51 .

Start Menu (continued) • Activity 1-7: Using the Start Menu and Start Search Text Box • Time Required: 15 minutes • Objective: Use the Start Search text box to find and open a program MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 52 .

including: – Network connections – Sharing settings – Network discovery options MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 53 .Network and Sharing Center • Provides a central location for administering many network tasks in Windows Server 2008.

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 54 .

Windows Desktop Experience • Applications – – – – – – – Windows Mail Windows Media Player Windows Aero and other desktop themes Video for Windows (AVI support) Windows Photo Gallery Windows SideShow Windows Defender MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 55 .

Summary • Most modern networks are based on client-server computing • Windows Server 2008 offers three general editions and two special-purpose editions – – – – – Windows Server 2008 Standard Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Windows Web Server 2008 Windows HPC Server 2008 MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 56 .

and security of networks • Windows Server 2008 – Lets you organize server services into roles and features MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 57 . manageability.Summary (continued) • Windows Server 2008 – Available for both 32-bit and 64-bit hardware architectures • New technologies in Windows Server 2008 – Focus on improving the performance.

Summary (continued) • Server Manager – Provides administrators with a GUI console for managing roles and features • Windows Server 2008 – Has a look and feel similar to Windows Vista MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration 58 .