PLANNING IN INDIA

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
• In December 1938, Subash Chandra Bose, as the congress president, laid great stress on national planning and appointed a national planning committee with Jawaharlal Nehru as its chairman. • The Bombay Plan (1944), a blueprint for economic development after independence, was worked out by top industrialists, notably, Tata, Birla and Shri Ram. • The planning commission was set up in march 1950.

THE PLANNING COMMISION
1. The Prime Minister (Chairman) 2. Four full time members ( Including deputy chairman) 3. Minister of Planning 4. Minister of Finance 5. Minister of Defence

• Formulating Plans • Defining stages of plan implementation and determining plan priorities. • Identifying the factors retarding economic growth and determining the conditions for its successful implementation.FUNCTIONS • Making real assessment of various resources and investigating the possibilities of augmenting the resources. • Determining plan machinery at each stage of planning process • Making periodic policy measures to achieve objectives and targets of plan • Making additional recommendations. .

to approve all important decisions regarding planning. Members of planning commision . The Prime Minister of India 2. representatives of both.NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL • Formed on August 6. Chief ministers of all states 3. 1952. 1. the central and the state government.

FUNCTIONS OF NDC • To review national plan periodically • To review social and economic policy affecting national income • To recommend various means to achieve aims and targets set out in national plan • The NDC takes final decisions regarding the allocation of central assistance for planning among different states. • The NDC approves the draft plan prepared by planning commision .

OBJECTIVES OF PLANNING • • • • • • Attainment of higher rate of economic growth Reduction of economic inequalities Achieving full employment Attaining economic self reliance Modernization of various sectors Redressing imbalances in economy .

.1%growth in gross domestic product. 2069 Crores NEHRU •Total outlay • Target growth – 2.Rs.FIRST FIVE YEAR PLAN (1951-1956) • Presented by – JAWAHARLAL .

.7 AREAS COVERED •Agriculture as well as community development. • Social services. • Land rehabilitation. • Energy as well as irrigation. • Industrial sector. • Communication and transportation.

 More railway lines were added.  ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION was formed.ACHIEVEMENTS  HYDROELECTRIC POWER PROJECTS.  5 STEEL plants at BHILAI. . DURGAPUR and ROURKILA were established.

1961)  Total outlay – RS.SECOND FIVE YEAR PLAN (1956. . 4800 Crore.  Followed by – MAHALANOBIS MODEL.  Target growth – To inc. NATIONAL INCOME by 25%.

 Focus was mainly on heavy industries.  To increase employment opportunities. .  To determine optimum allocation of investment between productive sectors.CONCERN AREAS  To make country more industrialized.

. – 9%  Growth rate in NDP .3.15%  2 Irrigation projects BHAKRA and HIRAKUND projects initiated.11%  Per capita consumption inc.6% .ACHIEVEMENTS  Growth rate in GDP .18%  National income increase  Per capita income increase .

 SUIZ CRISES which blocked international trading and increase the commodity prices. 1959-60. . UNFAVOURABLE MONSOON in 1957-58.  High TARIFFS.This plan got a MODERNATE due to SUCCESS.

Sufficient help. .  To provide employment to people. 1.THIRD FIVE YEAR PLAN (1961-1966) OBJECTIVES More stress to agriculture. 2. Subsidies.  To increase the national income by 5% per year.

the resulting INFLATION. India witnessed increase in price of products. GREEN REVOLUTON 6.ACHIEVEMENTS • Laid emphasis on1. OIL CONSERVATION 2. DRY FARMING 3. CEMENT AND FERTILIZER INDUSTRIES PROBLEMS FACED  SINO INDIAN WAR. . AFORESTATION 4. IRRIGATION 5.

1974) Total outlayRs. 24880 Crores. .FOURTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (1969.

 To reform and restructure government expenditure agenda( DEFENSE became one major expense) .OBJECTIVES  To achieve stability and progress towards SELF – RELIANCE.  To achieve an overall rate of growth 5.7 percent annually.  To raise exports at the rate of 7 percent annually.

ACHIEVEMENTS  14 Banks were NATIONALIZED.  Food grain production increase.  Great advancement has been made with regard to India’s national income.  Considered as one of the EMERGING POWER.  Served as a stepping stone for economic growth. .

53410 Crores. .5 Percent overall rate of growth in gross domestic objectives.  Expansion of productive employment and fuller utilization of existing skills and equipment.FIFTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (1974-1979)  Total outlay –Rs. OBJECTIVES  5.

 To reduce social. . A National programme for minimum needs and extended programmes of social welfare. regional and economic disparities.  Production support policies in the COTTAGE INDUSTRY SECTOR.  To develop labor intensive technological improvement.  To enhance agricultural productivity.

 The INDIAN NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM was introduced for the first time. .  BOMBAY HIGH had shot up the commercial production of oil in india.ACHIEVEMENTS  Food grain production was above 118 million tons due to the improvement of INFRASTRUCTUAL FACILITIES.

158710 Crores. .SIXTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (1980-1985)  Total outlay – Rs.

.  To develop indigenous energy sources and efficient energy usage.  To promote improved quality of life of citizens.  To initiate modernization for achieving ECONOMIC and TECHNOLOGICAL SELF – RELIANCE.  To improve PRODUCTIVITY LEVEL.OBJECTIVES  To initiate FAMILY PLANNING.

ACHIEVEMENTS  Speedy industrial development.  Science and technology also made a significant advance.  Emphasis on the INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECTOR.  Government investments in the Indian HEALTHCARE CENTRE. .

Egg. .SEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (1985-1989) OBJECTIVES –  ANTI. Meat. Oilseeds.POVERTY PROGRAM. Cereals. 2. Emergence of Informatics.  The government undertook to increase productivity of1. Milk. fruits. 3. and hooking up of TELECOMMUNICATIONS with Computers.  Improved facilities for education to GIRLS. vegetables. fish. Pulses.

.EIGHTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (1992 – 1997) This plan can also be called as RAO AND MANMOHAN MODEL OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.

6  To encourage growth and DIVERSIFICATION of AGRICULTURE .  GDP growth Per Annum – 5. sanitation.  To generate FULL SCALE EMPLOYMENT. communication etc.  To strengthen the INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES.OBJECTIVES  Prioritize the specific sectors which requires immediate investment.  Promote SOCIAL WELFARE MEASURES like improved healthcare.  To place greater emphasis on role of PRIVATE INITIATIVE in the development of the INDUSTRIAL SECTOR.  Universalisation of ELEMENTARY EDUCATION.

 Self. ENERGY was given priority with 26.  Poverty reduction.7 percent.G.ACHIEVEMENTS – Rise in the Employment level.O’S.  An average annual growth rate of 6.6 percent of outlay.  Involvement of PANCHAYAT RAJ.  DECENTRALISATION and people’s participation.Reliance on Domestic resources. N. NAGARPALIKAS.  Self. .Sufficiency in AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.

 To ensure FOOD and NUTRITONAL SECURITY.  To CHECK the growing POPULATION INCREASE.2002) Target GDP Growth 6.  To generate adequate EMPOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES.5 Percent.  To create a liberal market for increase in PRIVATE INVESTMENT.  To encourage social issues like WOMEN EMPOWERMENT.  To stabilize the prices.  To provide for the BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE facilities.NINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (1997. . OBJECTIVES To prioritize RURAL DEVELOPMENT.

.2% by 2001-11.  Decadal population growth to reduce from 21.TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (2002 – 2007) Target GDP growth – 8 Percent per annum OBJECTIVES  All children to be in school by 2003 and all children to complete 5 year of schooling by 2007.3% in 1991-2001 to 16.  Reduction in Poverty ratio from 26% to 21%.

 Reducing GENDER GAPS in literacy and Wages rate by 50%.  Growth in gainful employment to.  All main rivers should be cleaned up between 2007 and 2012. at least keep pace with in addition to the work force. .  Increase in FOREST/ TREE cover from 19% in 1999-2000 to 25% in 2007.  INFANT MORTILITY RATE to be reduced from 72 in 19992000 to 45 in 2007. Providing portable drinking water in all villages.  MATERNAL MORTILITY RATE to be reduced from 4 per 1000 in 1999-2000 to 2 per 1000 in 2007.

has been set up. .ACHIEVEMENTS – NSTFDC – NATIONAL SCHEDULED TRIBES FINANCIAL AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION.   Overall growth rate of GDP – 7 Percent.

 MATERNAL DEATH RATES to be reduced to 1 per 1000 births. OBJECTIVES  GDP Growth rate to be increased to 10% by the end of plan.  Farm sector growth to be increased to 4% Creation of SEVEN CRORE JOB opportunities.  INFANT MORTILITY RATES to be reduced to 28 per 1000 lives.ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (2007 – 2012)  This plan is titled with “ TOWARDS FASTER AND MORE INCLUSIVE GROWTH”. .  Reduced Educated unemployment youth to below 5 PERCENT.

 CLEAN DRINKING WATER to all by 2009.Improve SEX RATIO to 935 by 2011-12.  ROADS TO ALL VILLAGES that have a population of 1000 and more by 2009.  Increase Forest and Tree cover by 5 %.  Achieve the WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION standard Air quality in major cities by 2011-12. . Increase AGRICULTURE GDP growth to 4 Percent per annum.  Treat all urban WASTEWATER by 2011-12 to CLEAN RIVER WATERS.

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