Formula Feeding

Types of formula feeding
Cow’s Milk formula  Soy formula  Hypoallergenic formula/ Elemental formula

Cow’s Milk Formula

The most common infant formulas consumed by infants are made from modified cow’s milk with added carbohydrate (usually lactose) This formula is used for average newborn. * lactose-free formula are made for infants with lactose intolerance.

Soy formula

Soy-based infant formulas were developed for infants who cannot tolerate infant formula made from cow’s milk. This contain soy protein isolate made from soybean solid as source of protein.

Hypoallergenic formula / Elemental formula

Infant formulas manufactured and labeled for infants with allergies vary in the degree to which the allergy-causing protein has been modified. They may contain hydrolyzed proteins which have demonstrated to be tolerated by at least 90% of infants with documented allergies.

Advantages of Formula Feeding
   

Convenience. Flexibility. Time and frequency of feedings. Diet.

Disadvantages of Formula Feeding
   

Organization and preparation. Lack of antibodies. Expense. Possibility of producing gas and constipation. A Very Personal Decision

Types of Infant Formula Preparation
Powdered formula - Powdered formula is the least expensive type of infant formula. Each scoop of powdered formula must be mixed with a specific amount of water. Concentrated liquid formula Some parents prefer concentrated liquid formula. It must also be mixed with a specific amount of water.

Ready-to-use formula - As the name implies, ready-to-use formula doesn't need to be mixed with water. It's the most convenient type of formula, but also the most expensive — especially when packaged in disposable bottles.

NUTRIENT

BREASTMILK CONTAINS

FORMULA

Fats

· Rich in cholesterol · Nearly completely absorbed · Contains fatdigesting enzyme, lipase

No Cholesterol · Not completely absorbed · No lipase

Protein

· Soft, easilydigestible whey · More completely absorbed · Rich in growth factors · Contains sleep-inducing proteins

Harder to digest casein curds · Less completely absorbed, more waste, harder on kidneys · Deficient in growth factors

Carbohydrate

· Rich in lactose · Rich in oligosaccharide s that promote intestinal health · Better absorbed, especially iron, zinc, and calcium. · Iron is 5075% absorbed

· Some formulas contain no lactose. · Deficient in oligosaccaharid es · Less absorbed · Iron 5-10 percent absorbed

Vitamins and minerals

Calculating a Formula’s Adequacy
Total fluid ingested for 24 hours must be sufficient to meet the infants fluid needs: 75-90ml (2.5-3oz) of fluid per pound of body weight(150-200ml/kg) per day. Ex: infant weighing 7 lbs (7 lbs x 3oz = 21oz per day)

Number of calories required per day is 50-55 per pound of body weight

Commercial formula contains 20cal/oz, so this supplies to 420cal/day. The total volume can be divided into six feedings of 3.5oz each.

END