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A2 Media Studies @ KKS
Media Issues & Debate
which draw attention to the idea that gender is socially constructed and cause what she refers to as ‘gender trouble’ A2 Media Studies @ KKS . That is to say. disruptive ‘tongue-in-cheek’ representations of masculinity and femininity.JUDITHBUTLER A contemporary approach to gender representation was introduced by Judith Butler (1990) who suggests that gender is not the result of nature but is socially constructed. male and female behaviour and roles are not the result of biology but are constructed and reinforced through media and culture Butler argues that there are a number of exaggerated.
GENDERTROUBLE? A2 Media Studies @ KKS .
A2 Media Studies @ KKS . which explores and challenges the way in which heterosexual is constructed as normal and the media has limited the representations of gay men and women. happy heterosexual couples are often represented in terms of sin or sickness Can you think of any examples that support or refute this? Queer theory challenges the traditionally held assumptions that there is a binary divide between gay and heterosexual. Hollywood films construct and portray images of ‘normal’ . It has been suggested for example. which includes wearing an over-elaborate costume and eye make-up. In this film the character uses an ironic and ‘over-the-top’ performance of a pirate. using feminine and camp gestures Source: AQA A2 Media Studies Textbook Pg 56-57 and avoiding anything that could be interpreted as machismo. and suggests that sexual identity is more fluid. An example of the fluidity of gender/sexuality can be seen in the character of Captain Jack Sparrow in Pirates of the Caribbean.QUEERTHEORY Butler’s theories of gender trouble have also been linked to queer theory.
D. or which have been said about you. There is not really an ‘inner self’. this is reinforced through repetition. A2 Media Studies @ KKS Source: GAUNTLETT. gender and identity: an introduction. Again. is a performance (though not necessarily a consciously chosen one). London. like other aspects of identity. We come to believe we have one through the repetition of discourses about it Gender. Routledge. We should challenge the traditional views of masculinity. (2008). femininity and sexuality by causing gender trouble. Your identity is little more than a pile of (social and cutural) things which you have previously expressed.A summary of Butler’s key points on gender representation and queer theory • • • • • • • Nothing within your identity is fixed. The binary divide between masculinity and femininity is a social construct built on the binary divide between men and women – which is also a social construction. . Media. People can therefore change.
You need to include an introduction of Butler’s key ideas on gender (the print out you were asked to read for homework should help with this) You should include some examples of “Gender Trouble” in the media – explain how your examples subvert traditionally held assumptions about gender. This is reinforced through repetition.TAS K Butler (1990) argues that gender is a performance. Create a series of presentation slides to explain Queer Theory and how it relates to the media. Do some research on Butler and ‘Queer Theory’. She also argued that the binary divide between masculinity and femininity is a social construction built on the divide between men and women which is also a social construction. albeit not always a conscious performance. Your final slide should contain your thoughts on A2 Media Studies @ KKS .