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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY

WEEK 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS


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LEARNING OBJECTIVES

List of general terms used in management system. Describe the roles of organization, non-governmental organization and society.

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LEARNING OUTCOMES

Student is able to understand the general terms used in management system.

Student is able to describe the roles play by

organization, non-governmental organization and


society.

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INTRODUCTION

General terms

BS British Standard ISO International Organization for Standardization

EMS Environmental Management System


EMAS Eco-Management and Audit Scheme

TQM Total Quality Management

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

Standards

Is an agreed, repeatable way of doing something designed for voluntary use and do not impose any

regulations

is a collective work

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

ISO

Derived from the Greek isos, meaning equal is the worlds largest and publisher of International Standards ISO standards are developed by technical committees (suncommittes or project committees) comprising experts from the industrial, technical and business sectors.

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

International Standards are developed by ISO technical committees

(TC) and subcommittees (SC) by a six-step process


Stage 1: Proposal Stage Stage 2: Preparatory Stage

Stage 3: Committee Stage


Stage 4: Enquiry Stage Stage 5: Approval Stage

Stage 6: Publication Stage

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

EMS

Worlds first environmental management systems standard- BS 7750

Today, BS 7750 has been withdrawn and replaced by international standard ISO 14001

Tools and techniques to improve an organizations environmental performance through root cause analysis and the development of practical, manageable solutions

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

EMS (Cont)

Benefits

saving organization money reducing waste, better contrl

and less risk

improving the environment reducing emissions, waste

and materials

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

EMAS

Developed by The European Commission (EC) As a tool to evaluate and drive improvement of industrys environmental performance

EC introduce it as a regulation but participation in the scheme is voluntary

The scheme does not provide standards of environmental performance

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

Management system

Quality management system (QMS)


concept of conforming to specified requirements

Related to policies, practices and procedures that are used to


direct an organizations activities towards

ISO 9000 offers a model for quality systems that is often


used between the purchaser and supplier.

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

Management system (cont)

Total Quality Management (TQM)


Further enhancement of the QMS

Concentrates on analyzing and refining every internal


process and practice to become focused on customer oriented measurements

Key features are continual analysis, measurement and improvement through the quality loop

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INTRODUCTION (CONT)

Management system (cont)

The continual improvement loop


Think
Measure

Plan

Do

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS)

Some of the organizations established and promoted guidelines and principles for good environmental management, for example:

ICC International Chamber of Commerce BCSD Business Council for Sustainable Development CBI Confederation of British Industry CERES Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies CIA Chemical Industry Association

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS) CONT

All these organizations have typical system approach to environmental management such as

Policy Statement Plans and Programmes Integration of environmental plans into daily operations Performance Measurements Information Sharing

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS) CONT

Non-governmental organization

MNS Malaysian Nature Society MENGO Malaysian Environmental Non-

Governmental Organization

NCWO National Council of Woman Organization Tzu-Chi WWF World Wildlife Fund
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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARDS

Based on these concepts

Everything we do in business has some impact on the environment

Management systems control everything we do in


business

Standards can be set for environmental management systems

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARDS CONT

EMS must be

Fully integrated into overall management process Contributing to improving overall company performance Recognized as appropriate by those who are interested in your environmental performance

Responding to the issue of thinking globally, act locally

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARDS CONT

Trade barrier

Any regulations or policy that restricts international trade For example poaching, illegal logging, etc

Cultural component

native community

usage of natural resources, i.e. bamboo, herbs, etc

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARDS CONT

Environmental degradation and poverty


Air Quality Water Quality Living Quality Others

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARDS CONT

Societal transformations

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REFERENCES

Sheldon, C. ed. (2007). ISO14001 and Beyond: Environmental Management Systems in the Real World. London, Greenleaf Pub.

Gilbert, M. and Gould, R. (1998). Achieving

Environmental Standards, 2nd ed. Pitman Pub.

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