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A seminar on Geostationary Satellite

presented by

Arani Ali Khan

ECE:6th sem; Batch:X;
 Geostationary satellites are positioned at an exact height
above the earth (about 36000 Km). At this height they
rotate around the earth at the same speed as the earth
rotates around its axis, so in effect remaining stationary
above a point on the earth (normally directly overhead the
 As they remain stationary they are ideal for use as
communications satellites and also for remote imaging as
they can repeatedly scan the same points on the earth
beneath them.
 Polar Orbiting satellites by comparison have a much lower
orbit, moving around the earth fairly rapidly, and scanning
different areas of the earth at relatively infrequent periods
Motion of Geostationary
around EARTH
Focusing of a particular
position on earth
Derivation of radius of orbit
Communication satellite in a
stationary orbit
Receiver which point to a
geostationary satellite
A stationary satellite and
Position of receivers at
different location of earth
Problem of Geostationary
 Sun outages affect a geostationary
 Geostationary satellites are fantastic
means of communication except for
one little problem called SUN
OUTAGES. These sun outages
happen during March and September
when the sun passes the equator.
How Sunoutages happen?
 During the spring and fall equinoxes, the
sun also passes close to this plane. As
seen from the ground, the sun seems to
pass behind the satellites once per day.
During the time when both the satellite
and the sun are in the ground station's
field of view, the RF noise energy from the
sun can overpower the signal from the
satellite. It is this loss or degradation of
communications traffic from the satellite
that is referred to as sun fade, sun transit
or sun outage
Diagram of SUN OUTAGE
Some pictures of earth from
geostationary satellite