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18 March 2013

Policy document prepared by PTIs Wing of Persons with Disabilities

What do disabilities mean to us?

Policy Presentation for Persons with Disabilities. Prepared by PTIs Wing for PWDs

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People unable to ensure for themselves, wholly or partly, the basic necessities of life, and experience hurdles in

integrating themselves into mainstream society


Examples: Visual impairment Hearing impairment Physical Impairment

Mentally Challenged/Learning Difficulties


Speech Social/Behaviour e.g. Autism, Aspergers
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15% of worlds population is affected by some kind of disability

2-4% of the worlds population experience significant difficulties in basic functioning


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History of disability in Pakistan

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1981 Disabled Persons (Employment and Rehabilitation) Ordinance National Policy for Persons with Disabilities (2002) National Plan of Action (NPA) 2004 Disability Framework Handbook in Pakistan Document 2006

UNCRPD: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) and its Optional Protocol was adopted on 13 December 2006 and came into force on 3 May 2008.

Weak or ineffective implementation of disability laws Lack of coordination between Federal and Provincial

government
Decision making positions held by those with no relevant background Lack of a broad-based active collaboration for prevention of disabilities All special education centers are located in urban areas whereas 66% of PWDs are in rural areas. No law for accessibility of PWDs in public buildings. Job quota for employment of PWDs is not being met. Lack of integration into society
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WHO estimates: 15% of worlds population affected by some kind of disability 2-4% of the worlds population experience significant difficulties in basic functioning In Pakistan, PWDs per National Census of 1998 are 2.5% (42% Females and 58% Males).

Physically Disabled 19%

Mentally Challenged 14%

Multiple Disabilities 8.2%

Visually Impaired 8.6%

Hearing Impaired 7.4%

Other disabilities 43.3%

Policy Presentation for Persons with Disabilities. Prepared by PTIs Wing for PWDs

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The Census is said to have covered

PWDs

with

severe

disabilities.

(through one question only) Disability in urban areas is 34% and in rural areas is 66%

The WHO World Disability Report of 2011 suggests that all stakeholders including
governments, civil society organizations and disabled peoples organizations take appropriate steps for serving the PWDs. Pakistan needs to follow this model.
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The PTI Vision

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All persons will be counted


Inclusion of all PWDs into mainstream of society and all walks of life in social, vocational and financial capacities PTI will account for, acknowledge, facilitate and empower all PWDs enabling them to lead independent and self fulfilling lives

PTI to raise awareness about, and integration of, PWDs


PTI to work towards the prevention of certain avoidable disabilities through early diagnosis and medical treatment . PTI promises to offer both moral and tangible support to families of
Policy Presentation for Persons with Disabilities. Prepared by PTIs Wing for PWDs

PWDs.

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Institutional Framework

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Disability Resource Commission for PWDs will be established at the

Federal and Provincial level.


Disability Resource Centers (DRCs) to be established at District level to coordinate with Disability Resource Commission, Ministries, NGOs and International Organisations in the following areas: Counseling Documents such as NIC, disability certificates

Research and Training including Vocational


Education Health issues including Psychological Job Placement Family Support Services
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Empowering PWDs

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Constitutional Empowerment
Legal Empowerment

Social Empowerment
Economic Empowerment

Educational Empowerment

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Constitutional Empowerment

The Government through Act of Parliament will:


- Enact rights of PWDs - Define Disability under the Law - Ensure registration of disabilities by issuing Disability Certificates

Legal Empowerment

The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities aims to


ensure that PWDs enjoy equal human rights as others. PTI will fully endorse the UN Declaration and will provide needed institutional arrangements.
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Income generation skills shall be developed through Vocational Training Centers and Programs Financing options will be created and made available to ensure financial inclusion of PWDs Economic Empowerment Program will have: - Employment Quota for PWDs; - Disable Resource Commissions and Centers-DRCs

- Micro-Finance Institutions
- Supportive Fiscal and Regulatory environment

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Buildings to provide accessible facilities and services Special wing of volunteers - Friends of Special Persons Disability awareness and inclusion campaigns Prioritize participation of PWDs in physical fitness and sporting activities/events

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Primary and secondary education Inclusion in mainstream schools Special Education Schools Disability Resource Centers Responsibilities of Boards of Education Encouragement of private sectors schools

Higher education
Institutional level: Disability cell within the higher education commission Disability office at every university Regulatory Measures: Equal opportunities to PWDs Penalizing universities that do not fulfill their responsibility
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Developing a pool of experts for better provision of disability related services Introducing a new academic discipline of disability studies

Including relevant components on disability related issues in


degrees and training programs

Sensitising and training Government employees on how to


interact and deal with PWDs

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General Disability programs

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Education and Vocational Training Integrate PWDs into mainstream of society Duty Free import of Equipment for PWD institutions Concessional health care services with specific provisions for those most vulnerable.

Medical treatment, treatment of Mentally Challenged Persons in


deserving families. Volunteer assistance to support and train the poor families having PWDs Subsidized fares in public transport on road, rail and air on production of PWD Cards. Public offices, will be sensitized to the special needs of PWDs
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Awards for PWDs with extra-ordinary achievements Facilities for PWD at Social & recreational services, parks and zoos

etc
Volunteer Support and Sign Language Interpreters at public places like Courts, Hospitals, Schools, Railways, PIA etc. for PWD Legal support for affected PWDs against discrimination Department of Tourism will include specifically assisted and subsidized tourism programs for PWDs. International forum representation to PWD representative

facilitation

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Disability Specific Programs

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Alongside General Programs, PTI will initiate Disability Specific Programs for following persons to address their issues: Persons with Hearing Impairment

Persons with Physical Impairment


Persons with visually Impairment Persons with Intellectual disabilities

Policy Presentation for Persons with Disabilities. Prepared by PTIs Wing for PWDs

Details of these programs are available in the main Policy


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Hearing Aids

Audiometric Testing
Sign Language News Casts, Sign Language Dictionary and Interpreters Increase public awareness on the capabilities of hearing impaired people Driving License Program for Deaf Provision of Assistive Listening & Communicating devices like TDDs
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Proper accessibility in all public buildings by law Proper design accessibility of footpaths by law Support of equipment for improving quality of life and mobility Special parking spots near entrances

Accessible toilets for wheel chair users

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Easier access to special software and reading devices Simplified Payment plans Biometric operation of Bank Accounts

Talking books and software development in English and local


languages White cane culture, support equipment and trained dogs Vocational training programs to increase and promote productivity and independance
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Early screening diagnostic training and facilities training


Research & Development for addressing conditions such as Autism and Aspergers Assessment of home, schooling and family needs

Volunteer Assistance Program for the families


Rehabilitation Center, a minimum of one at each district level Occupational and physiotherapy facilities at DRCs Raising social awareness about social impairment and conditions such as
Policy Presentation for Persons with Disabilities. Prepared by PTIs Wing for PWDs

Aspergers, Autism, Dyslexia

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Emergent Initiatives

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Preference to PWDs in poverty alleviation programs Access to public places (PWD friendly)

Government websites to have PWD friendly features (accessible text,


sign language videos, large print, recordings etc.) PWDs representation in mainstream of society and Parliament Budgetary allocations as line item in National and Provincial Budgets. Implement policy measures on Employment Quota Educating society to requirements of PWDs (Academia. Professionals etc.)

Scholarships for PWDs seeking higher education

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An Inclusive, barrier free and rights based society for all

PTI and PWDs resolve to fulfill the dream of Father of

the Nation and make Pakistan a Model State for its


own people and for the World.
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PTIs Wing for Persons with Disabilities


Team for developing policy for Persons with Disabilities
Team Leader
Zaigham Mahmood Rizvi

Team Members
Dr. Sabreena Razaq Nasir Dar Muhammad Atif Sheikh Habib-Ur-Rehman Amir Arif Shafiq Ur Rahman Aqil Sajjad Ayaz Ahmad Ghazanfar Shah Irfan Mumtaz Suleman Arshad Dr. Israr Shah Anam Naqvi Mir Jamal Asif Amin Farooqui Mazhar Moghal Ashfaq Gujjar
Cover Design: The layout has been specifically designed by Mr. Asif Amin Faruqi, a hearing impaired person.

Policy Presentation for Persons with Disabilities. Prepared by PTIs Wing for PWDs

Strictly Private and Confidential. All rights reserved.