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STRESS

STRESS

defined as the process by which the individual responds to environmental and psychological events that are perceived as threatening or challenging (Gatchel & Baum, 1983).

STRESSORS
are

the events that cause stress.

Stressors can be divided into physical, social and psychological.


Physical

Stressors Social Stressors Psychological Stressors

In Psychological Stressors it consist the following:


Frustrations

occurs when ones strivings are thwarted by obstacles that block progress toward a desired goal. Conflicts is the simultaneous occurrence of two or more important but incompatible needs or motives. Pressures stress may not only stem from frustrations and conflicts but also from pressures such as to achieve goals or to behave in particular ways.

STRESS SIGNALS
Stress

Signal acts as red light or warning bell to tell us that action is needed to prevent more serious problems from developing.

The following are examples of stress signals:


Physical Mental

Emotional
Behavioral

Physical
Change

in breathing rhythm Headaches Sweating

Mental
Lack

of concentration Forgetfulness

Emotional
Irritation
Depression

Behavioral
Insomnia
Clumsiness

HOW TO COPE WITH STRESS


1)

Cognitive Responses cognitive coping involves reappraisal, raising selfesteem and developing selfefficacy.

2)

Informational Responses uncertainty caused by lack of information contributes to the stress of the situation

Behavioral Responses The following are suggested: Sleep well, eat well, avoid harm and exercise regularly. Develop and maintain a relaxation program. Do things you enjoy. Be part of a social network and know that you can rely on others to help in time of crisis. Learn to set aside problems temporarily. Have a clear picture of your life goals. Nurture your faith dimension Take a break or a vacation.
3)