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Harmonic Elimination of HBridge Seven Level Inverter

UPS system. It synthesizes desired output voltage waveform from several dc sources used as input for the multilevel inverter. conveyors and compressors. To obtain the sinusoidal voltage waveform from multiple dc sources the semiconductors switches such as MOSFET/IGBT are switched on and off in such a way to keep the THD % to its minimum value.Introduction Multilevel inverter is considered as one the most recent and popular type of advances in power electronics. the output voltage waveforms obtained is closer to the sinusoidal voltage waveform. mills. The multilevel inverter configurations include. flying capacitor topology [10]. The commonly used switching technique is selective harmonics elimination method at fundamental frequency. As the number of dc sources is increased. the harmonics equation obtained is nonlinear in nature and thus different methods are available to solve the harmonics equation to eliminate the particular harmonics. diode clamped topology [11] and H-bridge topology. These multilevel inverters found there application in induction motor drives. laminators. These semiconductor switches are of low power ratings but of high switching speed. . static var compensation.

and it does not eliminate any number of specified harmonics to satisfy the application requirements. however.Problem statement Popular and traditional PWM modulation methods are not the best solution for multilevel inverter control due to their high switching frequency. the solutions are not available for the whole modulation index range. The major difficulty for the selective harmonic elimination method is to solve the equations characterizing harmonics. . The elective harmonic elimination method has emerged as a promising modulation control method for multilevel inverters. The proposed harmonic elimination method is used to eliminate any number of harmonics and can be applied to H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter application requirements.

a harmonic elimination technique is presented to control a multilevel inverter in such a way that it turns out to be an efficient low total harmonic distortion (THD) inverter. It can be used to interface distributed dc energy sources to a main ac grid or as an interface to a motor drive powered by fuel cells. or ultra-capacitors. The lower order harmonics are eliminated by choosing the switching angles that do not generate specifically chosen harmonics. a seven-level inverter switching at the fundamental frequency is proposed. . many interesting PWM techniques have been proposed for controlling these inverters. batteries. However. In this study.Proposed method In this paper.

the voltage varies sinusoidally at a specific frequency. • • . Regardless of how complex the current waveform becomes. Further examples of non-linear loads include common office equipment such as computers and printers. as described through Fourier series analysis.Harmonics • • Harmonics are electric voltages and currents that appear on the electric power system as a result of non-linear electric loads. The current waveform can become quite complex. When a non-linear load. it is possible to decompose it into a series of simple sinusoids. battery chargers and also adjustable speed drives. usually 50 or 60 hertz. depending on the type of load and its interaction with other components of the system. Harmonic components should be reduced as much as possible. it draws a current that is not necessarily sinusoidal. In a normal alternating current power system. such as a rectifier. is connected to the system. which start at the power system fundamental frequency and occur at integer multiples of the fundamental frequency. Harmonic frequencies in the power grid are a frequent cause of power quality problems. it draws a sinusoidal current at the same frequency as the voltage (though usually not in phase with the voltage). When a linear electrical load is connected to the system. Fluorescent lighting.

• Reactive power flow can be controlled. . • Back to back operation is possible. as this does not cause unbalance in the capacitor voltages. • Fast dynamic response.Advantages: • As the number of levels increases. the harmonic content of the output waveform decreases the filter size. • Lower switching losses are due to the devices switched on at the fundamental frequency without increasing the harmonic content in the output.

DISADVANTAGES High number of clamping diodes is required as the number of levels increase. this complicates the control of the system. • Active power transfer causes unbalance in the DC-bus capacitors. .

The proposed selective harmonic elimination method for H-Bridge seven level inverter has been validated in simulation. and the voltage waveforms are collected for analysis. In the proposed harmonic elimination method. Furthermore. an induction motor load is connected to the three-phase seven level H-Bridge inverter. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can be used to eliminate any number of specific lower order harmonics effectively and results in a dramatic decrease in the output voltage THD.Conclusions • The selected harmonic elimination is a popular issue in multilevel inverter design. The FFTs of these waveforms show that their harmonic content is close to the calculated values. the lower order harmonic distortion is largely reduced in fundamental switching. . in the simulation reported here.