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This presentation is brought to you by chomp! Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 chomp! by Robin L. Simmons.

Appropriate Wor ds or Expressions in Context

Astonished? Astounded? Bewildered? Confounded? Dazed? Dazzled?

What’s the right word?

.This presentation will help you distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate words or expressions for the given context.

. . . an item evaluating the skill might look like this .On an objective test.

unfazed B. dazzled C. is word to fill the the right choice. repulsed repulsed Is unfazed. we shouted. Repulsed. or means disgusted repulsed the best or sickened. “Yuck!” We were __________ by his behavior. A. blank? . which dazzled.Sample Item When Lawrence stuck French fries up his nose.

What if I don’t know any of words that are options? Don’t panic! Try to determine the right word by looking for clues about meaning! .

Look at the commas. definition. author has or dashes that defined it for encapsulate you! It means the (or set off) the fear of dogs. Look for Cynophobia! That’s such a big word! How am I supposed to know what it means? . or the fear fear of of dogs so she won’t be interested in adopting dogs.Clue 1: Look for a definition. Sharilyn suffers from cynophobia. so she won’t be interested in adopting aa puppy. cynophobia. sentence! The parentheses. .

for examples instance!.Clue 2: Look for examples. he won’t he won’t get off the get off couch the couch when when I ask I ask or come or come when when he’she’s called. you don’t know.that a define synonym the word for obdurate . for forexample. You or such as that can conclude that provide Jack is examples stubborn. Look at the Look for phrases like toThe sentence! illustrate author gives . example . Obdurate! That’s another big word! I don’t know what it means! . called. My dog Jack is obdurate.

she wants the opposite— to get well. she ate one. Salubrious! I’ve never heard of it! How am I supposed to know if it’s the right word or not? . Look for an Look at the antonym—a sentence! If she’s word that means sick. so when we explained the with the flu. so when we explained the salubrious properties of chocolate-broccoli muffins. Jill was sick sick with the flu.Clue 3: Look for contr ast. so to help figure out salubrious the meaning of must mean the word you health-giving! don’t know.

Everyone calls that boy Sparky. Only his mother Only his mother refuses to use the sobriquet. Sobriquet! Who uses that word! I don’t know what it means! . the must be a meaning! nickname . “Cornelius!” “Cornelius!” when dinner is ready. or Sparky infer. Sparky .Clue 4: Infer the meaning. shouting. Mothers like to which ischildren what a call their sobriquet by their real is! names. Guess.

At many objective exams. you c a n not use a dictionar y! X .

Your eyes have seen in print — and your brain has registered — all of the possible words that you will encounter for this skill. go with the one that feels right. rely on “gut” feelings. I’ve seen that word before! .W hen in doubt. Hey. If you don’t know the meaning of any of the words.

Quick Test Directions: In the items that follow. choose the most effective word or phrase within the context suggested by the sentence(s). Your turn! Let’s see what you can do! .

A. excruciating excruciating C. we found his dull lecture the next morning __________.Item 1 After an exhausting all-nighter to finish Professor Clark’s research paper. uplifting B. inspiring .

glanced at . scrutinized scrutinized B. A.Item 2 After Betsy’s last purchase of a lemon—and the dealership’s unwillingness to repair problems that she thought the warranty covered—Betsy __________ the contract for her new car before she signed it. skimmed C.

disdain disdain . and sighed. shook his head.Item 3 Walter winced as he tasted the sauce. horror B. His __________ for Loretta’s cooking was obvious. excitement C. A.

Instead. A. the assignment sheets are pages long and chocked full of requirements. complicated B.Item 4 The students wished Professor Davis gave __________ directions for essays. succinct succinct . wide C.

A. mirth C.Item 5 Sara was filled with __________. trepidation trepidation B. for she had emailed Professor Carson to explain that she was too ill to attend class but then ran into him at the Student Center. brevity . a tennis racquet in her hand.

postpone .Item 6 Simon had to __________ his cell phone after it rang for the third time in class. A. amputate C. relinquish relinquish B.

extricating extricating . Larissa had difficulty __________ herself from the backseat when they arrived at her house. modifying B. but he stuffed nine classmates into the little vehicle. A. hovering C.Item 7 Roger’s car holds four people comfortably.

A. When he finished. lackadaisical . redundant redundant C. he read it again just as carefully.Item 8 Winston read his essay with a ruler. scrutinizing each line for errors. We found his behavior __________. punitive B. but teachers loved his control of grammar.

When his girlfriend Maria saw his game-day preparations. ostentatious ostentatious C. pedestrian .Item 9 Larry dyed his hair blue and green and painted his face and torso in the same school colors. A. In addition. she gasped and declared them __________. he wore flippers on his feet and hands. subdued B.

incapacitated . Then we toured the __________ storerooms where the museum kept priceless treasures not on display. lofty C. A. subterranean subterranean B.Item 10 We followed the guide down the stairs to the floor below the lobby.

.After the denouement Or the End.