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Standar d Punctuation

Do I need a comma?

Or do I need a semicolon?

This presentation covers standard punctuation: end marks, commas, semicolons, and apostrophes.

. .Punctuation items on an objective test might look like these . .

B. we car. rice. or rice? introductory clause. we wecould could couldsmell smell smellthe the the A delicious chicken chickenand andrice rice that that Grandma Grandma was was B C cooking for dinner.Sample Item 1 As we got out of the car car we car. need to connect the chicken. C. that No change is necessary. D. A. we Do Exactly! you need You a comma after car . and chicken . . car.

Sample Item 2 A. C. . looking. Since Grandma wasnt looking. Since Grandma wasn’t looking. . Julie filled the dogs’ bowls with leftover’s from the meal. B. Since Since Grandma Grandmawasn’t wasn’t looking. Julie filled the dogs bowls with leftovers from the meal. and you will have to chooseare theall letter correct where all punctuationin isversion correct C. Julie Julie filled filled the dogs’ the dogs’ bowls bowls with leftovers with leftovers from the from meal. An item might have Notice 3 that or 4the apostrophes versions of a sentence. the meal.

Jasmine ate a chocolate-broccoli muffin. no! Jasmine ate a chocolate-broccoli muffin! . Oh.End Mar ks • Use the period [ . Did Jasmine eat a chocolate-broccoli muffin? • Use — not overuse — the exclamation mark [ ! ] to signify excitement or emphasis. • Use the question mark [ ? ] when asking a question. ] to end statements.

Do I have broccoli stuck in my teeth? I have an appointment at the dentist’s! .

exclamation mark! ! ! I want to use it all the time! ! ! It’s me! ! ! But I really love! I mean love! the X .O n e excl a m at i o n m a r k per e s s a y i s a g o o d ave r a g e .

test will . You should know commas as well as I do! . Without Jasmine will a . pass without theJasmine comma a doubt. pass pass without the the a doubt . and some concluding material. interrupting. • Interrupting material will include a comma before and a comma after. comma test.doubt.Commas. Par t 1 • Use commas to connect introductory.

Sam will not. You have to study if you want to do well! . Slacker but Slacker test. Sam will not. but. Jasmine will pass the comma test . • Coordinating conjunctions = and. yet.Commas. for. and so. or. nor. Par t 2 • Use a comma with a coordinating conjunction to connect two sentences.

Jasmine will buy a bag of potato chips. hotdog.Commas. and a soda Hard work deserves a reward! . a hotdog and a. Par t 3 • Use and alone to connect two items. • Use commas and an and to connect three or more items.

Semicolon • Use the semicolon [ . Jasmine prefers worries classes about her that grade require in statistics. her to write: math not her best subject. statistics. US Government. and Math to Intro isis Humanities. not her best Abnormal subject. But I excel at punctuation! . Psychology. The comma with a transition like such as or including. ] to connect two main clauses. • Do not use the semicolon to introduce a list. or the colon [ : ] does that job.

Apostrophe • Use the apostrophe [ ’ ] with an s to show possession: Jasmine’s pen. the professors’ frowns • Or use the apostrophe to indicate the letters/spaces removed in a contraction: she’ d. can’ t. the cat’s eyes. should’ ve We can ’t cheat cheatfrom fromJasmines Jasmine’s punctuation cant punctuation quiz quiz because ’s absent today! because shesshe absent today! Ha! Dentist appointment! .

” Show me what you know. choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portion(s). . Par t 1 Directions: In the items that follow.Quick Test. choose “No change is necessary. If no error exists.

peas. such as as peas. Raymond grasshopper he vegetables. vegetables. A. C. B. grasshopper. such No change is necessary. D.such vegetables. he he A B refuses all green vegetables. C spinach. Although. .Item 1 Although Raymond Although Raymond will will eat eat aa grasshopper. such vegetables. and even cucumbers.

and No change is necessary.Item 2 Before his calculus exam exam Scott exam. D. C. Scott Scott rubbed rubbed rubbed his his his lucky lucky lucky A B rabbit’s foot foot and andfound foundhis hisfavorite favoritepencil. exam. Scott exam. B. his foot. Scott rubbed. . pencil. C A.

C A. D. C. she hopes that old Uncle Ross remembers remembersto tobring bringan anextra. . chairs chairs guest’s remember’s No change is necessary. extra.Item 3 Francine has five chair’s chair’sbut chairs butsix sixguests guests guests coming coming coming A B B for Thanksgiving dinner. B.

disheswhile dishes while tried. dishes. .while dishes while while A Maria vacuumed the filthy rug. C.Item 4 Roseanne washed the piles of dirty dishes. A. to months No change is necessary. they tried tried to to B complete a month’s month’sworth worthof ofhousekeeping housekeepingin inaa C single hour. D. B.

so I guess I’ll ’ll have have to to do do C all the baking myself. cant B. A. and and Peggy Peggy wont wont won’t A B help with the cupcakes. No change is necessary. early. Ill D.Item 5 Audrey can’t can’t leave leave work work early. won’t won’t C. .

ants salad bees No change changeis isnecessary.Item 6 During our picnic. picnic. ears. D. A. necessary. beesbuzzing buzzingby byour ourears. C. picnic we insects. B.and anda akatydid katydid C jumping into Henry’s open mouth. .we wewere weretormented tormentedby by A insects: ants insects: ants swarming swarming into into the the potato potato B salad. bees salad.

Try a . Par t 2 Directions: In the items that follow. choose the sentence that is correctly punctuated. different type of item.Quick Test.

C. . Roger spent three hour’s writing Christina’s paper. Roger Roger spent spentthree three hours hours writing writing Christina’s Christina’s paper. B. paper. Roger spent three hours writing Christinas paper.Item 7 A.

B.Item 8 A. When the crickets and the frogs sing Luis cannot get a good nights sleep. Luis cannot get a good nights sleep. . When When the the crickets crickets and and the the frogs frogs sing. sleep. sing. C. When the cricket’s and the frog’s sing. Luis Luis cannot get cannot getaagood good night’s night’s sleep.

Before Before you youstart start painting painting the the walls. Before you start painting the walls. youll need a drop cloth. and a ladder. walls.Item 9 A. C. Before you start painting the walls you’ll need a drop cloth. B. . and a ladder. and a ladder. you’ll you’ll need a drop need acloth dropand cloth a ladder.

. B. head. it looked as if goats had grazed on his’s head. as if goat’s had grazed on his head.Item 10 A. C. Darlene laughed at Jebs haircut. haircut. Darlene laughed at Jeb’s haircut. it looked it looked as if if goats goatshad had grazed grazed on on his his head. it looked. Darlene Darlene laughed laughedat at Jeb’s Jeb’s haircut.

.The End.