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Project Planning, Monitoring & Control - Principles, Tools & Techniques

By: Hafadz Kamizi Mat Hassan Click to edit Master subtitle style



Directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout the life of a project by using modern management techniques to achieve predetermined objectives of… Scope üCost ü time ü quality and üparticipation satisfaction
What is Project Management?

There are sufficient similarities as well as differences between the two so that modern management techniques developed for general management may be adapted for project management. What is Project Management? .BY CONTRAST… 3/22/13 General management of business and industrial corporations assumes a broader outlook with greater continuity of operations Nevertheless.

3/22/13 General Management Special Knowledge Domains Project Management Supporting Disciplines Basic Ingredients in Project Management What is Project Management? .

What is Project Management? .3/22/13 Specifically. Project management in construction encompasses a set of objectives which may be accomplished by implementing a series of operations subject to resource constraints.

3/22/13 The functions of project management for construction generally include the following: • Specification of project objectives and plans Maximization of efficient resource utilization Implementation of various operations through proper coordination and control of planning. estimating. What is Project Management? • • • . design. contracting and construction Development of effective communications and mechanisms for resolving conflicts among the various participants.

2) BASIC CONCEPTS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONSTRUCTION PLANNING 3/22/13 “A good construction plan is the basis for developing the budget and the schedule for work. a project manager / planner must synthesize the steps required to yield this result.” (PMBook) Thus. Basic Concepts in the Development of Construction Planning .

and choice among the various alternative means of performing activities. • the generation of required activities.3/22/13 Essential aspects of construction planning shall include. analysis of the implications of these activities. Basic Concepts in the Development of Construction Planning • • .

Constructi on Planning Cost Oriented 3/22/13 Schedule Oriented Time Resour Oriente ce d Oriente (Critica d (Job l Path Scope Proble Schedu Alternative Emphases in Construction Planning m) le) Basic Concepts in the Development of Construction Planning Direct Costs Indirec t Costs .

3) • 3/22/13 CHOICE OF TECHNOLOGY AND CONSTRUCTION METHOD Choose appropriate technology and methods for construction Ø Example: option between conventional formworks and system formworks • Select among alternative methods and technologies Ø formulate a number of construction plans based on alternative methods or assumptions Choice of Technology and Construction Method .

• Choice of Technology and Construction Method .3/22/13 • Review the cost.e. time and reliability impacts of the alternative approaches Adopt the most optimum technology and construction method (i. value engineering).

Defining Work Tasks . The work tasks represent the necessary framework to: • Permit scheduling of construction activities. the planning process is also to define the various work tasks that must be accomplished.4) DEFINING WORK TASKS 3/22/13 Along with the choice of technology and the consideration of the general method of construction.

problem in scheduling is to determine: ü ü ü 3/22/13 An appropriate set of activity start time.However. Resource allocations Completion times Through which they will result in completion of the project in a timely and efficient fashion. Defining Work Tasks .

Ø Natural hierarchy of activities with large.Therefore. 3/22/13 It is common to begin with fairly coarse definitions of activities and then to further sub-divide tasks as the plan becomes better defined. the definition of activities evolves during the preparation of the plan. As a result. abstract functional activities repeatedly subDefining Work Tasks divided into more and more specific sub-tasks .

3/22/13 5) DEFINING PRECEDENCE RELATIONSHIPS AMONG ACTIVITIES Precedence relations between activities signify that the activities must take place in a particular sequence. Defining Precedence Relationships Among Activities .

3/22/13 Excavat e Trench Place Formwo rk Place Pour Reinforceme Concrete nt Illustrative Set of Four Activities with Precedences Defining Precedence Relationships Among Activities .

Estimating Activities Duration .6) ESTIMATING ACTIVITIES DURATION 3/22/13 Work activity has to be associated with time duration. A straightforward approach to the estimation of activity durations is to keep historical records of particular activities and rely on the average durations from this experience in making new duration estimates.

g.Task. Technology & Site Data Maximum 3/22/13 Productivity Productivity Adjustments Productivity Estimate Ancillary Task Information Down Time Adjustments Down Time Estimate Quantity of Works Weather • Number of Crews • • Initial Duration Estimation Overall Adjustment (e. Learning) Activity Duration Estimate A Common Hierarchical Framework in Estimating Activity Durations Estimating Activities Duration .

Therefore. the overall resource requirements for the entire the project can be identified. Estimating Resource Requirements For Work Activities .3/22/13 7) ESTIMATING RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS FOR WORK ACTIVITIES Resource requirements are usually estimated for each activity. By making resource requirement estimates for each activity.

Estimating Resource Requirements For Work Activities .3/22/13 Typically. resources are categorized into the following three different components: • Labour Non-labour Material • • Note: Resource estimates and resource allocation is essential for purposes of project monitoring and cash flow planning.